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The Basque Country
Transcript of The Basque Country
The Basque Country is located in the western Pyrenees and spans the border between France and Spain on the Atlantic coast.
The Basque Country is formed by seven provinces.
Four provinces are under Spain:
Araba, capital city, Gasteiz.
Bizkaia, capital city, Bilbo.
Gipuzkoa, capital city, Donostia.
Nafarroa, capital city, Iruña.
Three provinces under France:
Lapurdi, capital city, Baiona.
Nafarroa Beherea, capital city, Donibane Garazi.
Zuberoa, capital city, Maule.
The basque language:
Euskara, or said in a proper way 'Proto-Euskara' belonged to an old Eurasian group of languages, previus to the Indo-European difussion (3rd or 5th millenium B.C.), according to many filologists.
Basque is one of the oldest languages in Europe. There are different theories about its origin. One says that Basque comes from Caucasus, and others think that it comes from Berber, but we don´t know exactly. We only know that the surviving pre-Indo European language so far is the Basque Language.
According to some theories, Basques may be the least assimilated remnant of the Paleolithic inhabitants of Western Europe.
The Basque Country has a population of about 2,500,000 inhabitans.
The Basque Country is green, hilly and quite rainy.
Virtually all Basque rural sports have their origin in the two main historical occupations, the 'baserritarra' (farmer) and 'arrantzalea' (fisher), with a larger percentage hailing from the rural background.
Basque cuisine is influenced by the abundance of produce from the sea and the countryside.
Today, the strongest industrial sectors of the Basque Country are machine tool, aeronautics and energy.
An important part of Basque cuisine´s good reputation is due to its ability to take advantage of its widely known culinary tradition. On this basis, it has been able to develop towards a varied high-quality new cuisine.
Some traditional Baque instruments are the following:
some well known Basques:
He is considered to be one of the great masters of te new Basque cuisine.
He was a Basque explorer who completed the first circunavigation of the world.
A Basque anthropologist, ethnographer and priest.
ALBOKA, a difficult clarinet played in a circular breathing.
TXALAPARTA, a wooden xylophone-like percussion instrument for two players.
TXISTU, a local pipe.
TRIKITIXA, a two-row Basque diatonic bombarde button accordion.
Juan Mari Arzak
Juan Sebastian Elkano
A small country with a strong identity.
COME AND ENJOY IT!
He is considered the patriarch of Basque music.
Jose Miguel de Barandiaran
The first woman to climb all fourteen 8000-meter peaks in the world.