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Transcript of Andrew Jackson
1767 - 1845
Champion of the
Changes in Voting Requirements
Why the Increase in Democracy?
Increase in white male sufferage
Party nominating committees
Voters directly choose their slate of Presidential electors
Rise in third parties
Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, slogans, songs, speeches)
Two party system returns in the 1832 election in opposition to Jackson
Jackson's Early Life
First known painting of Jackson
@ 13 Jackson and his older brother Robert join the fighting
Both are taken captive aboard a British vessel
A British officer orders young Andrew to shine his shoes
Andrew spits at him and the officer slashes Jackson's hand and face with his sword
Robert dies aboard the ship
Participates in 13 known duels
Charles Dickinson was challenged to a duel over a horse race
Dickinson's shot hit Jackson in the chest breaking 2 ribs and lodging 2 inches from his heart
Jackson's shot kills Dickinson
Never has the bullet removed
An accussed criminal Russel Bean refuses to come in to Jackson's court to hear the charges against him
He stood outside with a pistol and a knife threatening anyone who came near
Judge Jackson comes out of the courtroom and pulls his own pistol on Bean
Bean knew Jackson would most likely kill him so he enters the courtroom and the trial commences
Jackson's First Presidential Run
Henry Clay (KY)
John C. Calhoun (SC)
Jackson's Opponents in 1824
John Q. Adams (MA)
Willam Crawford (GA)
The "Corrupt Bargain"
Issues in the Election of 1828
Final divorce decree
Jackson in mourning
Blamed Opponents for Rachel's death
Refused to believe she was dead for some time
Had her body wrapped in blankets in case she woke up and was cold
Her portrait hung at the foot of his bed so she would be the first thing he saw when he woke and the last thing he saw went he went to sleep
Dies just hours before the Inaugural Ball
Election of 1828
The New "Jackson Coalition"
The Planter elite in the South
The Western farmer
State Politicians - spoils system
Immigrants in cities
Jackson's Faith in the "Common Man"
Intense distrust of Eastern "Establishment" and monopolies
Heart and souls was with "plain folk"
Believed the common man was capable of uncommon achievenments
The Nullification Crisis
Sen. Daniel Webster (MA)
Sen. Robert Hayne (SC)
The Webster - Hayne Debates
"Liberty and Union, now and forever one and
"Our Federal Union - it must be preserved."
"The Union next to our Liberty, most dear."
1832 Tariff Conflict Timeline
1828 - Jackson signs "Tariff of Abominations"
1832 - Another new tariff
South Carolina's reaction? - John C. Calhoun
Clay develops a "Compromise Tariff"
Saves nation from a crisis
Jackson's Native American Policy
1830 - Indian Removal Act
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831)
Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
Jackson - "Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it!
The Cherokee Nation
The Trail of Tears
The "Bank War"
President of the US Bank
State bankers feel this keeps their banks from issuing notes freely
Allows for rapid growth and speculation
Feel like this is the only safe currency
Worry about banks which only issue paper
Suspicious of expansion and speculation
Jackson Destroys the "Monster"
1832 - Jackson vetoed the charter for the 2nd Bank of the US
Jackson put the $ into "Pet" banks
1841 - Bank of the US is finally bankrupt
Jackson's Later Years
1832 Political Cartoon
Election of 1832
1836 Specie Circular Issue
Future land can only be bought with gold or silver
Banknotes (paper) lost their value
Land sales plummet
Credit becomes hard to get
Businesses begin to fail
Election of 1836
Panic of 1837!
Martin Van Buren
"O.K." - Everything will be...
Blamed for the Panic
Jackson in retirement
Jackson in 1844
One year prior to death
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend
man with courage makes a majority."
"I would rather be a doorkeeper in the House of God than live in that palace..."
The planter, the farmer, the mechanic and the laborer...are the bone and sinew of the contry..."
"I have always been afraid of Banks"
"I have only two regrets: I didn't shoot Henry Clay and I didn't hang John C. Calhoun."
Peggy Eaton Affair
"Do you suppose I have been sent here by the people to consult the ladies of Washington as to the proper persons to compose my cabinet?!"