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World War One

Contains major battles, the causes, the countries involved, the weapons used, and America's part in WWI

William Rush

on 11 May 2013

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Transcript of World War One

France Great Britain Germany Tommies Jerries Poilus Italy Belgium Austria Hungary Russia Serbia 1. Mutual Defense Alliances = Alliance 2. Militarism Mutual Defense Alliances These alliances meant that if one of a country's ally was attacked, that country was dragged into war. Their other allies would be dragged into war too, so were their allies' allies. This would eventually put a whole bunch of different countries into war. 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 0% France Britain Russia Germany Militarism is the belief that your country's military and navy should greatly increase in size. This belief spread almost everywhere in Europe and nearly every country in that continent was prepared for war. Some countries wanted to be the best out of everyone. Total Increase in Defense Expenditure 3. Nationalism Nationalists of Austria-Hungary were usually in the region of Bosnia and Herzegovina. They wanted their region to be part of Serbia instead of Austria-Hungary. Nationalists in other parts of Europe wanted their country to show dominance over other nations. In June 1914, a Serbian nationalist assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife while they were in Sarajevo, Bosnia which was part of Austria-Hungary. This was in protest to Austria-Hungary having control of this region. Serbia wanted to take over Bosnia and Herzegovina. This assassination led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. When Russia began to mobilize due to its alliance with Serbia, Germany declared war on Russia. Thus began the expansion of the war to include all those involved in the mutual defense alliances. 73% Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Hungary Rifle 1400 meter range Bolt-Action 15 rpm Machine-Gun power of about 80 "guns" 4-6 men to operate 400-600 small-caliber rpm The British Military rejected the powerful weapon, saying it was an improper form of warfare. Fun Fact: The field Gun was mainly used
for artillery purposes. Field Gun Toxic gas Chlorine gas: Mustard Gas: Effects: suffocates, burns eyes;
first usage: battle of Ypres. Effects: blistering, sore eyes, vomiting, internal/external bleeding, kills in about 4-5 weeks, 12 hours for effect, soaks into ground; first usage: September 1917 Zeppelin Used for bombing raids and reconnaissance,
but taken out easily Aeroplanes Used for bombing, surveillance, air to air fights ("Dog-Fights"),
and air to ground fights. Fun Fact: Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen, better known as the Red Baron, was an Imperial German flying ace with over 80 air-combat victories, a lot for the time. He was shot down in France by the Canadian flying ace, Captain Arthur Roy Brown. Tanks These were essentially just big,
slow moving, heavily armored, field guns Battles Western Front Eastern Front War at Sea People Names of
People Picture Info Woodrow Wilson 12/28/1856 - 02/03/1924 Twenty-eighth president for the United States, 1913-1921; Democrat. President during World War One.
Tried to keep neutrality during the Great War. Wilhelm II German Kaiser (Emperor) during the Great War. The region where a majority of the WWI battles took place. Nicholas II Bibliography http://prezi.com/ http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/ww1/terms.html http://www.google.com/ http://www.bing.com/ http://www.firstworldwar.com/ THE END *contains only the major battle fronts German U-Boats
(Submarines) Germany was the first country
to have subs in WWI. (Subs are basically submersible boats.) (U-boat is an abbreviation of the German word 'Unterseeboot'
(meaning 'submarine' or 'under the sea boat'.) Germany only made twenty tanks because
they thought they wouldn't be very effective. Front where the calamity
of Tannenberg occurred A series of battles that took place at the North Sea,
Black Sea, and around the Falkland islands Took place around Belgium and France. The battle of the Somme
July 1, 1916 This was a battle where the British and French armies attacked and bombarded a German entrenched base and had A LOT of casualties. Britain lost about 58,000 troops... on the first day! Overall, Britain lost about 420,000 troops, France about 200,000 troops, and Germany lost about 500,000 troops. With an overall estimation of about 1,120,000 troop casualties. The Russian tsar who committed Russia to the defense of Serbia when Serbia was attacked by Austria. Nicholas II committed to this course only with hesitation and under great pressure from his military advisers. He abdicated in March 1917 after the “February” Revolution and was eventually murdered, along with his wife and children, by the Bolsheviks in July 1918. Wilhelm II was a cousin of Nicholas II of Russia and George V of Britain; all were grandsons of Queen Victoria of England. Key Terms Term Zimmerman
Telegram A telegram discussing a secret plan to
bait Mexico into attacking America,
but it was intercepted by Great Britain. Attrition To be able to withstand numerous,
prolonged causalities. Causalities Total number of people killed,
wounded, or captured in battle Causes of A presentation by: William Rush, for the 5th grade focus Independent Study The different countries had different types of armories. Some countries may have only had simple rifles. Others may of had complex types of toxic, high tech (For the time.) machine guns, tanks, zeppelins, and plenty of other things. Some countries may have had mixtures of these things. Weaponry What it
means Battle of Jutland
May 31, 1916 Battle of Tannenberg
August 26, 1914 Conclusion: Unclear, Tie An amazing naval combat that was the largest and the last one. This sea battle didn't have any involvement with subs or planes.

Conclusion: Unclear; Tie A large conflict between the German Army and the Russian Army. This one battle allowed the Imperial German Army to almost completely cripple the Russian Army.
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