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Connotation and Denotation

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Katherine Ku

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of Connotation and Denotation

What other examples of connotation/detonation can be extracted from the text?
1. Choose a poem from the chapter
ex: "Cross" by Langston Hughes (pg. 49)
2. Read over the poem, picking out key words/phrases with strong connotations
ex: "white old man", "curses", "shack", etc.
3. Change these words into different ones with similar meanings (synonyms)
ex: "hell" ----> "Hades"
* Notice that "Hades" has a different connotation as opposed to "hell"
4. Have fun creating an entirely different poem just by using different key words!
When my love swears that she is made of truth...
#1: How does the speaker view himself? How do others view him?
Under the Surface
Connotation and Denotation
by Jewel Quilaton, Katherine Ku, Hapshiba Kwon, Bernice Tadique, and Celeste Zambrano
What is Connotation & Denotation?
Pathedy of Manners
Connotation & Detonation of "When my love swears..."
thinking that she thinks me young..."
#2: What kind of relationship can you infer the speaker and his lover have between them based on the words used in the poem?
There are two perspectives that can be taken to view this line: the speaker 's lover could be vain or believing herself to be superior to the youthful foolishness of the speaker, or the speaker is vain for convincing himself that his lover thinks of him as young.
- combination of tones and noises
- uttered by lips, tongue, throat
- written word is a notation

"Therefore I
with her and she with me,"
dictionary meaning(s)

At twenty she was brilliant and adored,
Phi Beta Kappa, sought for every dance;
Captured symbolic logic and the glance
Of men whose interest was their sole reward.

She learned the cultured jargon of those bred
To antique crystal and authentic pearls,
Scorned Wagner, praised the Degas dancing girls,
And when she might have thought, conversed instead.

She hung up her diploma, went abroad,
Saw catalogues of domes and tapestry,
Rejected an impoverished marquis,
And learned to tell real Wedgwood from a fraud.

Back home her breeding led her to espouse
A bright young man whose pearl cufflinks were real.
They had an ideal marriage, and ideal
But lonely children in an ideal house.

I saw her yesterday at forty-three,
Her children gone, her husband one year dead,
Toying with plots to kill time and re-wed
Illusions of lost opportunity.

But afraid to wonder what she might have known
With all that wealth and mind had offered her,
She shuns conviction, choosing to infer
Tenets of every mind except her own.

A hundred people call, though not one friend,
To parry a hundred doubts with nimble talk.
Her meanings lost in manners, she will walk
Alone in brilliant circles to the end.
Ellen Kay
It is clear from the context of the poem that the speaker's relationship with his lover is one that revolves around dishonesty and their indifference towards it. However, one can also read the line as the couple physically lying next to one another.
definition: connotations of words suggests beyond what it expresses: its overtones of meaning
- acquires connotations from past history and associations

connotation compels readers to make interpretations and evokes feelings that dictionary meanings cannot bring forth
Desert Places
~Robert Frost
#1: What is the mindset of a depressed person?
Objective: to realize the importance of connotations
#3: a) why does Frost use "smooth" & "smothered" to portray the snow? (both negative and positive connotations)
b) why is "snow", a wet substance used to describe his "desert place"? (deserts are dry)
My old man's a white old man
And my old mother's black.
My aging father is a white man
Whilst my mother is African-American.

#2: How does the speaker's use of the oxymoron "benighted snow" contribute to how the speaker feels towards the snow?
My papa is milky
And my ma is ebony
denotation gives words multiple meanings
- distinguishable meanings
words can mean more than one thing at the same time within the same context
“You can be a rich person alone. You can be a smart person alone. But you cannot be a complete person alone.” Thomas L. Friedman
"this is the time of the wild spring and the mating of the tigers"
spring: 1) a season of the year
2) a sudden leap
Connotation/ Denotation
To antique crystal and authentic pearls"
"Her meanings lost in
"At twenty she was
and adored"
#4: How does the natural environment reflect the speaker's own feelings?

Who is Eleanor Rigby?
Ah, look at all the lonely people
Ah, look at all the lonely people

Eleanor Rigby picks up the rice in the church where a wedding has been
Lives in a
Waits at the window,
the face that she keeps
in a jar
by the door
Who is it for?

All the lonely people
Where do they all come from?
All the lonely people
Where do they all

Father McKenzie writing the words of a
that no one will hear
No one comes near
Look at him working,
his socks in the night when there's nobody there
What does he care?


Eleanor Rigby died in the church and was buried along with her name
Nobody came
Father McKenzie wiping the dirt from his hands as he walks from the grave
No one was saved


The Memphis Belle
An Irish Airman foresees his Death
I know that I
meet my
Somewhere among the
clouds above
Those that I fight I do not hate,
Those that I guard I do not love;
My country is Kiltartan Cross
My countrymen Kiltartan's poor,
No like end
could bring them loss
Or leave them happier than before
Nor law, nor duty bade me fight,
Nor public men, nor cheering crowds,
lonely impulse of delight
Drove to this tumult in the clouds;
I balanced all, brought all to mind,

to come
seemed waste of breath
A waste of breath the

with this life, this death.

- W. B. Yeats
Another listen to Danny...
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