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STRENGTH TRAINING and CHILDREN

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Andreas Stamatis

on 7 January 2015

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Transcript of STRENGTH TRAINING and CHILDREN

STRENGTH TRAINING
and CHILDREN
HP5354
Fall 2014
Andreas Stamatis
Responsibilities for parents
should not give children impossible objectives to meet
should remember that success in athletics involves more than size
should not select a child's activities based only on the potential for future professional success
resistance training should not be looked at only as a tool for sports performance
The Stroe Brothers
Benefits of resistance-training
To lift or not to lift?
Take-home points
Chronological≠Physiological≠Training Age
training with weights can be fun, safe and appropriate
the misconception that strength development should start in the late teens has been dispelled by scientific facts.
long-term training will increase strength beyond normal growth-related changes
increased muscular strength and power
increased local muscular endurance
prevention of injury
enhanced status of tissues other than muscle
improved performance capacity in sports
and recreational activities
development of proper behaviors for an active lifestyle
behavioral habituation
social and personal benefits
The "notorious" Chinese Gymnastics Academy
(Kraemer, 2005)
Key Issues for the Child
"Curls for the girls"
Barbie figure
"Puke Index" and "No pain, No gain"
"Good Pain" vs. "Bad Pain"
Technique over Weight
Consistency
Eating Habits
Key Issues for the Coach:
Chronological, Physiological and Training Age
gains come mainly from neuro-muscular coordination ("myelination")
body type
children are not "little adults"
adherence to basic program principles
multi-joint vs. single joint exercise
prepubescent children should NOT lift maximal or near-maximal weights
avoid damage to the growth cartilage (peak height velocity)
total conditioning
vs. individual sport
Safe Training Environments
Certified instructors (ACSM, NSCA, Cooper Institute, USAW, Red Cross)
Number of Children in the Club. Special times?
Do parents have to be present?
Is the program individually designed?
Is the equipment maintained and in good working condition?
Does the equipment properly fit for children?
(Kraemer, 2005)
(Thompson, 2010)
(Baechle, 2008)
t h a n k y o u !
t h a n k y o u !
Faigenbaum, 2003
Full transcript