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Erik Love

on 7 November 2011

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Transcript of SS8h5b

Land Cessions and Distribution
SS8H5 The student will explain significant factors that affected the development of Georgia as part of the growth of the United States between 1789 and 1840.
b. Evaluate the impact of land policies pursued by Georgia; include the headright system, land lotteries, and the Yazoo land fraud.
From an 1827 Land Lottery:
Yazoo Land Fraud:
Legislature and Governor Mathews Bribed!
Yazoo Act Passed: 7 January 1795
Transfer of 35 MILLION acres to 4 land companies for only $5 million
That's only:
14 CENTS an Acre!!!
As a result, Georgia has to give up its western lands (modern day AL and MS)
U.S. Government pays $1.25 million for them

GA.'s new western border =
Chattahoochee River
Land Distribution system first used to give away land and help populate Georgia.
In place from 1733-1790.
If you qualified (were considered the HEAD of a household), you had the RIGHT to land
Headright System
Land Lotteries, on the other hand, gave away land to people in big chunks at different times (see behind this text)
You had to have a winning ticket to get land
Everyone who qualified, got a chance for land
Extra chances were given to war veterans (American Revolutin + War of 1812), widows, and the 'incompetent'
Land Lotteries
In order to give land away to whites, it first had to be taken from Native Americans.
That's the Yazoo River there...that's what all this stuff is named after
George Mathews, Governor of Georgia
November 7, 1793-January 15, 1796
Was, apparently, as crooked as barrel of fish hooks
And the written records of this fiasco were publicly burned in Louisville, Georgia's Capital.
Full transcript