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History of Cinema

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on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of History of Cinema

History of Cinema
Exposure 1878
The act of presenting rays of light to a photosensitive surface.

First photograph/frame had exposure time of 8 hours (1839)

Motion pictures=split-second exposure

This became feasible in 1878

Kinetoscope 1891
Thomas Edison developed Kinetoscope in 1891, the first motion picture system (peep show in a box)
Scottish-English immigrant William Dixson joined Edison’s team to help develop the technology that would combine pictures and sound.
Looped in :30 vignettes, no story connecting them

Phenakistoscope (1832)
A nearly animation device that used the persistence of vision principle to create an illusion of motion.
(Deceiving scope)

Nickelodeon 1905
Theater Audiences sat on benches, wooden seats . The Front display were hand painted signs
Actors stood behind screen and spoke dialogue in synchronization with the action on the screen
Sound effects were made with noisemakers behind the screen

Topicals (1898)
Sciencis (Early 19th Century)
Travelogue films are exploratory and ethnographic films that were used to provide the general public with a means of observing different countries and cultures since the late 19th century

Fiction films (Early 19th Century )
News, events, recreation of key occurrences is studio. Ex Sinking of Battleship Maine During the Spanish American War

A zoetrope is a device that produces the illusion of motion from a rapid succession of static pictures.
(Life+ turn)

Zoetrope (1833)
1904-became the industry’s main product
Brief staged scenes telling a story with Some shot outdoors, but most shot in front of painted

Backdrops, which 1904-became the industry’s main product setting up cameras in one position

Action unfolded in one continuous take with no credits, music

Invented by the Skladanowsky brothers consisted of two held strips of 3 ½” film running side by side frames projected alternately that ran 15 minute programs and too cumbersome.
Bioscop 1888
Was an early film projector first demonstrated in 1895 by Charles Francis Jenkins and Thomas Armat that casted images via film & electric light onto a wall or screen.
Vitascope 1895
Lantern Slides (Late1700's)
Is an early type of image projector developed in the 17th century
Separate images, depicting left-eye and right-eye views of the same scene, as a single three-dimensional image. Made popular in the mid 1800's
Stereoscope (1850's)
Independent Movement 1912
MPPC Takes control 1908
MPPC’s goal was to control all three aspects of the
industry: production, distribution and exhibition.
Independent Motion Picture Company, New York
Motion Picture Company
•  These companies could rent films from European
companies that MPPC had shut out.
•  To avoid patent infringement suits they claimed to be
using cameras that employed different mechanisms
than Edison’s
Full transcript