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African Savanna

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by

ella brown

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of African Savanna

African Savanna
African Savanna
Climate
Animals
Adaptations To Environment:
Plants
Jackal berry Tree:
Prefers moist soil and rocky soil
Sheds its leaves to conserve water
Can grow up to 80 feet tall
Adaptations To Environment:
Manketti Tree:
Prefers hot and dry climates
Water stored in its trunk
Leaves drop to conserve water in the winter
Long taproot to reach for water
Whistling Thorn:
Protects itself with thorns about 3 inches long
Can survive in hot and dry climates
Drop its leaves to conserve water
Hyena:
Large ears for hearing
Sharp teeth
Life span- average of 12 years
Cape Hunting Dog:
Large ears for hearing
Sharp jagged teeth
Can run over 48 km per hour
Good sense of smell
Good eyes
Rainy season ( Summer)
Rainy season : May to October :20 inches a month.
Dry season ( Winter)
Dry season: October to march
Average temperature :68 degrees to 86 degree Fahrenheit( 20 degree to 30 degree Celsius )
rarely changes
changed : very gradual .
In winter temperature :68 degree to 78 Fahrenheit (20 to 25 degree Celsius )
In summer temperate 78 degree to 86 Fahrenheit (25 to 30 degree Celsius)
rains about 4 inches.
Rainy season is during summer.
cooler in dry season
Wild fires
Meerkat(Suricate)
Long tail for balance
Have closeable ears
groups of 25 Meerkats
live in underground burrows.
One is out of burrow , to warn others
mongoose family
good vision.
Aardvark
Nocturnal,
Large claws
Teeth are made from cement.
webbed 2nd and 3rd toes
10 cheek teeth(no incisors or canines)
Bristles around its mouth
use their large claws to dig their burrows
dig into ant hills
Earth pig in South Africa.
Impala
Very large eyes and ears
very good eyesight and hearing
jump up to 10 feet(3m) in the air
can cover up to 30 feet, while running, single jump
ringed horns(males)
huge herds
grazers(grass)and browsers(leaves).
nocturnal, active during the day.
endangered species.
Gnu or Wildebeest
Excellent hearing and sense of smell.
sharp curved horns and beards
New born calves can stand 3 to 5 minutes after born .
after being born calves join mother , herd
likes to stay in large groups :of millions of animals
can live up to 20 years.
needs to drink water everyday
Limiting Factors
6 months completely dry
No water for the animals and plants to survive
Bermuda grass
-Can grow in poor soil.
deep root system.
- droughts:roots grow 47inches to 59 inches underground.
- can grow after a grass fire.
Elephant grass
-Grows in places where soil is rich, likes tropical weather.
clogs water ways
Can be killed with light frost.
under ground would be alive if soil doesn't freeze.
Has deep roots
River bush willow
- Thick bark, resist fire, leaf drop to conserve energy.
Produces a hiccup nut, if eaten it causes violent hiccups.
Candelabra Tree
posionus latex, stops animals from eating it .
Touching burns.
Causes blisters if made in contact with skin
African Elephant:
Good sense of hearing
Tusks to fight
Trunk used to get water and food
Good swimmers
yellow flowers in mid winter .
blinds you eyes if your eyes make contact
Zorilla:
Odor
Nocturnal
Fine swimmers
Long claws

Baobab:
Water stored in its trunk
Can live for several thousands of years
Leafless for 9 months
Forest fires in dry season
Affects plants by affecting the soil
Forest fires burn the birds nests
Burns food that animals eat, the animals will go to some place else
Food web:
Fruits Insects Roots Grass
African Elephant
ostrich
Meerkat
Aardvark
Gnu
Lions
Hyena
Zebra
Antelope
Cape Hunting Dog
lizards
Serval
Leopard
Zorilla
warthog
Impala
Rainy season rains 100 inches .
By: Rachel and Ivy
websites we used
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/biomes
http://kids.nceas.ucsb.edu/biomes/
http://sites.google.com/site/africansavannahapbiology/hon
http://savannaatprimosh.weebly.com/limiting-factors.html
Full transcript