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How do social economic and cultural influences impact person

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Daniella D'Amici

on 11 June 2014

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Transcript of How do social economic and cultural influences impact person

Cultural Impact
Cultures can have a major impact when making personal food choices. The examples vary from going to in Indian cuisine or going to a Japanese friends house to have dinner. Cultures are extremely diverse which means their meals are all different. When you explore cultures alone or with friends, you can find what you like and don't like. There's thousands of choices!
#1 How do social, economic and cultural influences impact personal food choices?
Social Impact on Personal Food Choices
Whether you're at a party and everyone's ordering the same dish or you overhear someone explaining how wonderful the food was at a nearby restaurant, people almost always influence what you eat. For instance, a friend could tell you to try a new food or you could hold back on the meat for a meal as your friend's a vegetarian. Social impact on food choices occurs most often in public but you're influenced most frequently when you're with your friends and family. This is because they know what you like and dislike and they're much more trustworthy than the man on the sidewalk talking about his favorite foot long at Subway. Another example could be you could end up ordering the food the waitress recommended or what the table next to you was talking about.
The Economic Impact
Picture this: your parents are out grocery shopping and are trying to find something for dinner. Do you think they'd rather buy the full price chicken or the lasagna on sale? The economy plays a massive part in what we eat even though it may seem like a minor role. If the economy drops and your parents are making less money than normal, do you think they'd take you out to The Keg for a big dinner? Also, a big name blueberry provider's supply could drop due to loss of workers or the economy dropping. This could mean you'd be going without blueberries for several weeks.
so·cial /sōSHəl/
1. of or relating to society or its organization
ec·o·nom·ic /ekənämik,ēkə-/
1. of or relating to economics or the economy.
cul·tur·al /kəlCHərəl/
1. of or relating to the ideas, customs, and social behavior of a society.
#2 How do social, economic and cultural influences impact eating customs and etiquette?
Italian Eating Customs and Etiquette
Italian food is considered by some to be the finest in the world. As one moves from north to south through Italy, the food shifts from rice-based dishes (risottos) to wheat-based dishes (noodles and pastas, pizzas and gnocchis), and from carefully prepared complex dishes to more simple and hearty fare (stews, soups, etc.). Seafood and fish are abundant throughout the country due to its enormous coastline, and the vegetables and fruits are extraordinary. Some say that the finest food in Italy can be found in the Bologna region, the home of tortellini and prosciutto. Florentine and Tuscan dishes rely on boar, meats, beans, lots of olive oil, herbs, and garlic. Genoa is the home of gnocchi and pestos and wonderful fresh fish stews. The Lombard region is famous for its osso buco, lamb dishes. and polenta, and Rome for the fabulous varieties of pastas, meats, and vegetables. In the Veneto area to the east you can find wonderful fried fish from the Adriatic, and lots of fresh vegetables prepared in countless ways. Finally, into the south and beyond to Sicily, you find the home of the pizza, fresh farm vegetables, figs. olive oil, and herbs.
Formal Italian meals usually follow this order: antipasto (appetizers, such as prosciutto or pates and fruit), soup, pasta, main dish, salad, cheese, dessert, fruit then finally, espresso and after-dinner drinks. The most honored position is in the middle at each side of the table, with the most important guest seated immediately to the right of the host (women to the right of the host, and men to the right of the hostess). Do not begin eating until the host says: "Buòn appetito!" which means "good appetite". When the meal is finished, the knife and fork are laid parallel to each other across the right side of the plate, with the tines of the fork facing downward. The fork and spoon above your plate are for dessert. There are often many additional pieces of cutlery: if you're unsure of which utensil to use, always start from the outside and work your way in, course by course. There will be separate glasses provided at your setting for water and white and red wine (after-dinner drink glasses come out after dinner). If you have a small plate as well as a larger one, plus a bowl, most likely the small plate will be for antipasto, and the large plate for the main course. Bread is usually served without butter. This usually means that olive oil will be served to dip the bread into; if not, you can place your bread on the side of your main plate or on the table throughout the meal.

#3 What Considerations are Taken in for Various Dietary Requirements?
How Age Changes What You Eat
Age plays a major factor in what you eat as you eat much more now than you did when you were a baby. Your body requires the food that you digest to adapt at certain ages. For instance, you couldn't eat hard carrots due to your sensitive gums when you were an infant so you ate baby food instead. Also, your food requirements change based on your age. In the Canada Food Guide, boys from the age of 9-13 are expected to eat 6 grain product servings while males from the ages of 19-50 are expected to eat 8 servings.

On the Canada Food Guide, it states males should have one more serving in certain categories. In general, absolute nutritional requirements in men are greater than in women because men as a population are larger and have more muscle mass than women. On the whole, men and women are prone to different health issues. Based on this, diets for men cannot be identical to that of women. Women need more iron than men because of iron loss during menstruation. Men need more fiber than women to decrease the incidence of rectal cancers. Calcium is more important for women than men, due to risks for osteoporosis in women. To maintain a healthy lifestyle and make good food choices, you have to take your gender into consideration.


If you ever have dental problems or dental instruments in your mouth, it's most likely you will always be asked to hold off certain foods by your dentist. For example, you have to avoid foods such as popcorn and hard candy with braces as eating these could bend the wires or pop the brackets. Also, if you have the common canker sore, you should avoid acidic foods if you want it to heal quickly.

Dental Problems/Conditions

Allergies have a major impact on your personal food choices as ingesting something your allergic to could result in worst comes to worst, death. The most common food allergy in Canada is peanuts and the second is tree nuts. The third is sesame seeds, the fourth is milk, and the fifth is tree nuts. After this comes seafood, soy, wheat and sulphites.

#4 How do the food and nutrition label and federal regulations help us to be informed about making better food choices?

The Nutrition Label
The nutrition label allows us to see what the food we're digesting does to our body. We can see the vitamin intake from a glass of orange juice or the amount of sodium in a can of pop. Although most people ignore the nutrition label, it's good to practice reading it as a chocolate bar may not sound as delicious to eat once you see how much trans fat is in it.
Federal Regulations
Federal regulations on food allow us to know that the suppliers of the food we're digesting have to follow certain guidelines to make it into the grocery store. For instance, several laws about ice cream are that:

it shall be the frozen food obtained by freezing an ice cream mix, with or without the incorporation of air
◦ may contain cocoa or chocolate syrup, fruit, nuts or confections
◦ shall contain not more than
» 100,000 bacteria per gram, and
»10 coliform organisms per gram
#6 How does my diet affect my life now? In the future?
My Favorite Recipe: Chocolate Chip Cookies

-2 1/4 cups all-purpose flour
-1/2 teaspoon baking soda
-1 cup (2 sticks) unsalted butter, room temperature
-1/2 cup granulated sugar
-1 cup packed light-brown sugar
-1 teaspoon salt
-2 teaspoons pure vanilla extract
-2 large eggs
-2 cups (about 12 ounces) semisweet and/or milk chocolate chips

My Favorite Recipe: Modified
-2 1/4 cups all-purpose flour
-1/2 teaspoon baking soda
-1 cup margarine

-1/2 cup granulated sugar
-1 cup packed light-brown sugar
-1 teaspoon salt
-2 teaspoons pure vanilla extract
-2 large eggs
-3/4 cup raisins
-1 cup oats

To many cultures, bread is deemed more than just a mixture of wheat and ingredients. o
Throughout the world, people tend to have different eating customs and etiquette. Where you live has a big impact on this for instance in Asia, peoples diets consist mostly of rice and noodles while in the Mediterranean people eat an abundance of fruits and vegetables. Also, in some cultures you pray before you eat while in others finishing all of your food is considered disrespectful. As you travel the world you'll notice the etiquette and food does change varying on where you are. Here's a look on the etiquette and eating habits of Italy.

#5 Compare and contrast the nutritional value of a "no name" food vs a perceived high quality food product

No Name Products

- Cheaper than name brand products
- Tend to go on sale more often

- Not typically high in quality
- Usually poor in taste compared to name brand foods
- Only available in store you purchased it from

Name Brand Products
- Most likely available at every grocery store
- Usually better quality
- Better taste

- More costly than no name products
#7 How does the staple "bread" appear culturally and historically throughout time?
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