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Copy of Urban Pattern Models
Transcript of Copy of Urban Pattern Models
By: Larissa Wagner
Created by Ernest Burgess
Was made in 1923
Examples: Chicago, Paris and Houston
Concentric Zone Models
Was made by Homer Hoyt
Created in the year of 1939
Can also be known as the Hoyt Model
Examples: Chicago, Houston and the Lake Michigan Shoreline
Was created by Chauncy Harris and Edward Ullman
Made in the year of 1945
Examples: Houston, Chicago, and San Francisco
Multiple Nuclei Model
Was developed by Ernest Griffin and Larry Ford
Was created in 1980
Examples: Sao Paulo and Tampico
Latin America City Model
Rubenstein, James M. The Cultural Landscape. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, 2014. Print.
Southeastern Asian Model
Was created by T.G. McGee
Made in the year of 1967
Examples: Kuala Lampur, Malaysia and Jakarta, Indonesia
The poor people live closer to the city, allowing them better access to the supplies
The distance of travel fro the Central Business District
The model is based off the city's internal structure allowing cheaper transportation
This model does not account for physical barriers
Does not account for gentrification
The model is based on the city's residents who live there
Explains Latin America's urbanization and where people live
Allows all the business to sell their produce in the same area
Decreases the distance to the city center
The increase of land cost and pollution with the city's growth
Only the rich parts of the city will get all of the services given
With the expansion of the city the model will not work as well
Strengths and Weakness
Lower class tend to live closer to the centric business district
Easier to travel and go to work when closer to central area
There is no difference between the different nuclei
Not appliable to all cities bese of different cultures
Takes in the factors of decentr-alization
Neglect in the height of the buildings in teh city
This model has very strong ethnic ties
This model tends to point out the trends and patterns in an city
They are subject to change and can be changed
There is no central business district in this model
Does not explain why the areas are formed
The western commercial zone is dominated by Chinese Merchants
Based off of railroad transportation not car transportation
This model allows the renting and housing cost to stay around the same price
This model accounts for the major transportation routes in the cities
It allows growth so when the city grows so do the activities and sectors
This model can be disrupted by the physical features
In different areas the housing prices are not what they should be, for example, there are some lost cost houses in the medium cost housing areas because of where the models were built
Sector Model: Chicago applies to the Sector model because the rich sectors are by the lake shore and are near the CBD, while the industries are not and are toward the southern part of Chicago.
Concentric Zone Model: Chicago applies to the Concentric Zone Model because of all the social groups in the urban areas. Along with the CBD in the middle of Chicago and gets poorer as you get farther out.
Multiple Nuclei Model: Chicago applies to the Multiple Nuclei Model because the people who live in Chicago own a lot of cars and are constantly moving and the city is constantly increasing.
Southeastern Asian Model: Chicago applies to this model because just like the model Chicago is clustered around the lake coast.