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Impacts of Pets on the Quality of Life

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Deborah Akinbowale

on 22 November 2013

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Transcript of Impacts of Pets on the Quality of Life

Impacts of Animals on Health
Greetings Animal lovers ...
Effectiveness of Pets on Physical Health
Introduction to Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT)
“Goal directed intervention that utilizes the human-animal bond as an integral part of the treatment process” (O’Connor-Von, 2010).
Effectiveness of Pets on Social Interactions and Development
Presented by:




David Narain

Steven Rispoli

Empathy is the ability to assess and relate to the sentiment of another individual.
Effectiveness of AAT for Mental Illnesses
AAT with Cancer Patients
Cancer patients have a long therapeutic journey that tremendously impacts their lives both physically and psychologically
AAT with Autistic Children
Sensory integration theory is the most commonly used treatment when working with children with autism.
Service Dogs with Blind Children
Health Risks
Owning a pet helps children develop emphatically.
Study by J.H. Davis showed that parents are primary caretakers of pets while children mainly play with and give pet treats.
Children absorb their environments
and mimic what they see.
Children often view their
pets as part of their family.
Immunocompromised patients
Zoonotic Diseases
Daly and Morton showed that college students that owned a pet as a child had a lower internal stress level which in turn helps them fight depression
Through interactions with a pet one can combat loneliness.
No correlation with childhood exposure, or nonexposure
Lower IgE Overall
Prenatal Exposure Benefits
If individual developed allergies, IgE levels lower than with no exposure
Pet dander and saliva contains allergens
Who thinks being exposed to pets early in childhood causing an increased risk of allergies or asthma as an adult?
One of the benefits related to pet ownership
is living a healthier lifestyle
Part of the job of owning a dog is taking them outside to walk or play
Benefits of Dog-walking

• Reduced risk of cardiovascular disease

• Greater opportunity for weight loss

• Increase in average physical activity
Related Populations

• Elderly

• Pregnant Women

• Overweight Children
Have you heard of hypoallergenic pets?
Active Participation

Pets acts as a motivator, it is the job of the

owner to take action.
Unfortunately, there is no such thing as hypoallergenic pets.
A skinless dog or cat does not exists
Immunocompromised individuals at risk for infection
Normally nonlethal infections may cause systemic infection resulting in death
Zoonotic transmission
Overestimated, however still common
Bacterial, viral, fungal, protazoic, etc
25 infections of concern
Prevention of infection, especially those with high risk of infection:
Adult pets are preferred over young,
Avoid animals from crowded facilities or facilities that mix pets from different locals
Examination by veterinarian prior to contact with IC patients is essential
Recommendations for a current pet owner:
no drinking from toilets and rapid removal of animal waste
frequent visits to the veterinarian for preventative medicine
frequent hand washing and use of hand sanitizer after contact with pets
Avoid facial contact with a pet's mouth
Dogs are the primary animals
of choice for AAT
National therapy dog organizations require the Canine Good Citizen Test
Use of animals for therapy in healthcare settings has steadily increased since the 1970s
Results of a study conducted in an Italian Oncology Center:

-No change in anxiety, blood pressure, and heart rate between patients who received AAT and those who did not

-Use of AAT= increase arterial oxygen levels and decrease in depression
Blind children as young as age 6 can co-actively travel with parents using children visual companion dogs (CVCs)
“Any animal trained to do work for the benefit of a person with a physical or emotional disability” (Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990)
Part of a “unit” which includes the blind child, the parent, and the dog
Many positive health results on this form of travel
SEVEN.... Prevention Tips of infection
Sit Back, Relax and Enjoy !
Therapy animals into the treatment for mental disorders generally shows promise for improving patient’s mental state.
The AAT animals act as companions that temporarily replace interpersonal relationships and also act as a conduit for encouraging and enhancing social interaction (Sockalingam et al., 2008).
A new form of occupational therapy, which incorporates animals, is currently being suggested for future used.
Studies show that AAT help autistic children interact better physically and emotionally.
AAT with individuals who have mobility and hearing impairments
Service dogs are trained to provide a better quality of life to those with physically disabilities, allowing them to perform daily life activities more independently.
Service dogs are trained to perform several tasks:

Opening the door
Picking up objects
Turning on/off light switches
Pull wheelchair
Alerting: doorbells, alarm clocks smoke alarms or knocking on the door.
Animals, especially pets, are seen as natural healers.They have many amazing qualities as pets - providing companionship, facilitate exercise, promote feelings of comfort and security and useful in health care to supplement current treatments.
It can be concluded from various research studies that animals impact people’s lives tremendously. The unique animal-human bond is powerful enough to impact the social, mental, and physical health of children, the elderly, the sick, and the disabled.
Despite the many beneficial impacts that animals have on people’s quality of life, they do carry health risks associated with those individuals who are immunocompromised or have severe allergies.

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Immunocompromised Individuals

Most studies had common theme of control

– Mr. X had much more control

• More effective than short group interaction?

• Study on one patient was much longer
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