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The Philippine Drama
Transcript of The Philippine Drama
Early forms of Philippine Drama
*Duplo – was a poetical debate held by trained men and women in the ninth night, the last night of the mourning period for the dead.
Bellacos – male participants, they are the heads of the games.
*Karagatan – was also a poetical debate like the duplo, but its participants were amateurs.
>> Both were held in the homes.
>>Theme: was all about a ring that fell into the sea.
1598- The first recorded drama was staged in Cebu.
>> It was a Comedia written by Vicente Puche and was perfomed in honor of Msgr. Pedro de Agurto, Cebu’s first bishop.
1609- Eleven year after, another stage play portraying The Life of Santa Barbara was staged in Bicol.
KINDS OF PHILIPPINE PLAYS:
- Is a dramatic presentation depicting the Passion of Jesus Christ: his trial, suffering and death. It is a traditional part of Lent in several Christian denominations, particularly in Catholic tradition.
KINDS OF PHILIPPINE PLAYS:
Moro-moro (Comedia) is a play that became popular in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period. It depicted battles between Christians and Moros-as Muslims in the Philippines are popularly known-with the Moros as the perpetual villains who always lost to the Christians in the end.
Fr. Jeronimo Perez – wrote the first moro-moro and was staged in Manila in 1637, to commemorate Governor General Consuera’s victory over the Muslims of Mindanao.
It becomes the favorite play of the people, especially during the town fiestas.
KINDS OF PHILIPPINE DRAMA
Zarzuela, also called sarswela in the Philippines, is a Spanish lyric-dramatic genre that alternates between spoken and sung scenes, the latter incorporating dances. It is believed that the name derives from a hunting lodge, the Palacio de la Zarzuela, near Madrid where, in the 17th century, this type of performance first occurred before the Spanish royal court.
Junto Al Pasig (beside Pasig) – A zarzuela written by Jose Rizal and it was staged at the Ateneo de Manila on December 8, 1880 on the occasion of the celebration of the Feast Day of the Immaculate Conception (Patron saint of the College)
- Zarzuelas was nationalistic in theme and plot.
The "Moriones" are men and women in costumes and masks replicating the garb of biblical Roman soldiers as interpreted by local folks. The Moriones or Moryonan tradition has inspired the creation of other festivals in the Philippines where cultural practices or folk history is turned into street festivals.
The Ati-Atihan Festival is a feast held annually in January in honor of the Santo Niño (Infant Jesus), concluding on the third Sunday, in the island and town of Kalibo, Aklan in the Philippines. The name "Ati-Atihan" means "to be like Aetas" or "make believe Ati's." Aetas were the primary settlers in the islands according to history books. They too are the earliest settlers of Panay Island where the province of Aklan is situated.
The people of Aklan celebrate the ati-atihan dressed in outlandish costumes and get-ups. This native mardi-gras finds the participants dressed in improvised attires of feathers, coconut shells and palm fronds, as they imitate in their own way the garish tribal costumes of the Atis. The merrymaker throw their inhibitions to the wind as they prance about in gay abandon for 3 consecutive nights.