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Transcript of Langston Hughes
-He was raised by his grandmother until he was thirteen, when he moved to Lincoln, Illinois, to live with his mother and her husband, before the family moved to live in Cleveland, Ohio. Early Adulthood -After graduating high school, Hughes spent a year in Mexico and a year at Columbia University. During these years, he had jobs as an assistant cook, launderer, and a busboy, and traveled to Africa and Europe working as a seaman. At this time, Hughes had a growing passion for poetry.
-His first influences were Walt Whitman, Carl Sandburg, Paul Laurence Dunbar, and Claude McKay. The Harlem Renaissance -The Harlem Renaissance was a time during the 1920's that the United States was reforming, and new activities became popular.
-Langston Hughes was arguably the most popular black writer of this period, as he published numerous volumes of poetry during the twenties.
-In 1929, the beginning of the Great Depression seemed to end the renaissance. This time was a large struggle for many Americans, but not for rich, famous people like Hughes.
-Since he still thrived during the depression, his writings encouraged people to stay positive. This optimistic style is seen in Hughes' poem "I, Too." Title Before reading the poem, we pondered and assumed that this poem was an attempt for the author or main character to explain that he can relate to someone or something and what they are going through. I, Too TPCASTT Paraphrase 1. I, too, sing America.
2. I am the darker brother.
3. They send me to eat in the kitchen
4. When company comes.
5. But I laugh,
6. And eat well,
7. And grow strong.
9. I'll be at the table
10. When company comes.
11. Nobody'll dare
12. Say to me,
13. "Eat in the Kitchen,"
16.They'll see how beautiful
17. And be ashamed.
18. I, too, am America. 1. I, too, struggle America.
2. I am the lesser person.
3. I am pushed to the side,
4. When important people come, or important things happen.
5. But I am happy,
6. I am healthy,
7. And I become stonger
8. In the future,
9. I'll be successful and important.
10. When the important people come and important things happen,
11. Nobody will object,
12. Or say to me,
13. "You are not good enough,"
16. They'll see my worth,
17. And be envious,
18. We are alike, America. TPCASTT Connotation Diction
Point of View
Sound Devices Quote Author's Purpose "But I laugh and eat well
and grow strong." Hughes uses simple word choice throughout, because he
is relaying a relatively simple message. "I am the darker brother." Although the line is symbolic for social status,
the word "darker" is referring to the visual trait of skin color. "I am the darker brother." The view point is of a man of lesser social status
but is optimistic in the fact that he can improve his life. "Tomorrow, I'll be at the table when
company comes. Nobody'll dare say to me,
'Eat in the kitchen.'" These are crucial details because it follows his description of him being lesser. This shows his optimistic attitude and the reason why he continues to carry on. 1. "They send me to eat in the kitchen."
2. "I'll be at the table."
3. "I, too, sing America."
4. "I, too, am America." 1. The kitchen symbolizes his status of low importance.
2. The table refers to his goal, which is a place of high status.
3. This symbolizes how he relates to what everyday people go through.
4. This symbolizes how he is just like average people TPCASTT N/A Although this poem is stacked with symbolism, the writer uses the description of eating places and a source of symbols. He does not describe this using similes, metaphors, or personification. "I, too, sing America."
"I, too, am America."
"And eat well."
"And grow strong."
"And be ashamed." This poem does not use alliteration or rhyme, but the author uses repetition, as shown in the examples. Attitude The attitude shown in this poem is positive and optimistic although the man is in a difficult spot. The subject of the poem seems to be of low status, but he stays positive and tries to improve his life. TPCASTT Shift At the beginning of the poem, the writer seems down and out, and he describes how he is pushed to the side and how he doesn't feel very important and that he isn't very important to other people. But starting at line 8, the outlook changes and the man describes how he will eventually be very important and his positive and optimistic side comes out. TPCASTT Title Revisited Our original outlook on the title was pretty relevant to the actual meaning. The man describes in the poem how he relates to the average person and how he can empathize with them. This is what he means by "I, Too." TPCASTT Theme This poem has one underlying theme, and that is to stay positive and optimistic through everything in life. The subject of the story, the man, is designed to be someone to learn from. He sort of down and out of society. Neither society or the man himself see him as important, but he is very optimistic that he will make his way to "the top" and he will be important and mean something to society. So the central theme of Langson Hughes' poem, "I, Too," is to stay positive! TPCASTT Sources http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/83
The Enduring Vision