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2016 U.S. Clashes with the Middle East

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Raymundo Tellez

on 18 May 2016

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Transcript of 2016 U.S. Clashes with the Middle East

Recent U.S. Clashes with the Middle East
Focus Question:
What are the consequences of the War on Terrorism, Afghanistan and Iraq?
Content Standard 10.10.1: Understand the challenges in the Middle East, including their geopolitical, cultural, military, and economic significance and the international relationships in which they are involved.
Focus Question: What are the consequences of the War on Terror, Afghanistan and Iraq?
Consequence
1a. The mujahideen rebels took up arms and fought fiercely against the Soviet-supported government.
Consequence
1b. The mujahideen rebels, with financial and military aid from the U.S., defeat the Soviet Union.
1.Communist military forces take control of Afghanistan.
Focus Question: What are the consequences of the War on Terror, Afghanistan and Iraq?
Consequence
2a. The Taliban followed an extreme interpretation of Islamic law and applied it to nearly every aspect of Afghan society.
Consequence
2b. Western leaders accused the Taliban of allowing terrorist groups to train in Afghanistan.
2. A conservative Islamic group known as the Taliban take control of Afghanistan.
Focus Question: What are the consequences of the War on Terror, Afghanistan and Iraq?
Consequence
3a. In October 2001, U.S. forces began bombing Taliban air defense, airfields, and command centers, as well as al-Qaeda training camps.
Consequence
3b.

By December 2001, the U.S. had driven the Taliban from power.
3. The Taliban refuses to turn over
Osama bin Laden to the U.S. government.
Focus Question: What are the consequences of the War on Terror, Afghanistan and Iraq?
Consequence
4a. The planes became destructive missiles when they crashed into the WTC and the Pentagon.
Consequence
4b. About 3,000 people died in the attacks.
4. On September 11, 2001, 19 Arab terrorists hijacked four airliners heading from East Coast airports to California.
Focus Question: What are the consequences of the War on Terror, Afghanistan and Iraq?
Consequence
5a.
Americans felt vulnerable and afraid. The idea of terrorism caused incredible psychological damage.
Consequence
5b.
The 9/11 attacks will pave the way for the War in Afghanistan and the War on Terrorism.
5. September 11 had a devastating impact on the way Americans looked at life.
Focus Question: What are the consequences of the War on Terror, Afghanistan and Iraq?
USA Patriot Act allowed the government to...
a. detain foreigners suspected of terrorism for seven days without charging them with a crime
USA Patriot Act allowed the government to...
b. tap all phones used by suspects and monitor their e-mail and internet use
USA Patriot Act allowed the government to...
c. make search warrants valid across states.
USA Patriot Act allowed the government to...
d. order U.S. banks to investigate sources of large foreign accounts.
USA Patriot Act allowed the government to...
e. prosecute terrorist crimes without any time restrictions or limitations.
6. President Bush signs an anti-terrorism bill into law, known as the USA Patriot Act.
Focus Question: What are the consequences of the War on Terror, Afghanistan and Iraq?
Consequence
7a. Hussein allowed inspectors from the United Nations to search Iraq for such outlawed weapons. Some inspectors believed that Iraq was not fully cooperating.
Consequence
7b. British prime minister Tony Blair accused the Iraqis of "deception and evasion" and insisted inspections would never work.
7. Throughout much of 2002, the U.S. accused Hussein of developing weapons of mass destruction.
Focus Question: What are the consequences of the War on Terror, Afghanistan and Iraq?
Consequence
8a. A coalition led by the U.S. and Britain launched air strikes in and around the Iraqi capital, Baghdad.
Consequence
8b. After less than four weeks of fighting, the coalition had won the war in Iraq.
8. In March 2003, President Bush demanded that Hussein leave the country or face a military strike.
Focus Question: What are the consequences of the War on Terror, Afghanistan and Iraq?
Consequence
9a. The Iraqis, with U.S. help, established an interim government several months after the war.
Consequence
9b. Numerous U.S. troops had to remain behind to help maintain order in Iraq and battle pockets of fighters loyal to Hussein.
Consequence
9c. The U.S. and Britain came under increasing fire for failing to find any weapons of mass destruction.
9. Despite the coalition victory, much work remained in Iraq.
Ticket Out the Door
1. Describe two consequences
for

Afghanistan’s refusal to turn over Osama bin Laden to the U.S. government.
2.Describe two consequences which resulted from the September 11 attacks.

Pg
592
Pg
592-593
Pg 656
Pg 593
Pg 656-657
Pg
658
Pg 692
Pg
692-693
pg 693
This is how
some
people in Arab countries feel about the United States

Why do Muslim Extremists hate the US?
- the US supports Israel
- the US exerts military influence for access to oil
- those people prefer a society under strict
religious law
Middle East Oil
- US involvement in Arab-Israeli conflicts and its access to Arab countries' oil motivates terrorist groups
- Nations like Saudi Arabia have abandoned their strict religious law for US oil business, causing extremists in their countries to rebel
- Terrorists like al-Queda and governments like the Taliban all feel as if the US suppresses muslim countries
Who took up arms and what did they do?
Who helped the rebels? Who won the war?
What did the group follow? Explain.
What did western leaders accuse the Taliban of?
What happens in October 2001?
What happens by December 2001?
What did the airplanes become?
About how many people died in these attacks?
How did Americans feel after 9/11? What did the Anthrax scare cause?
What do the 9/11 attacks pave the way for? (Hint: Which war did we already talk about?)
How did Hussein bow to world pressure? What were the results?
What did British Prime Minister Tony Blair believe?
Who led the coalition and what did they do?
Who won the war and how long did it take?
What type of government was established? With who's help?
What happens to U.S. troops?
Why were the U.S. and Britain criticized?
Create thinking maps which summarizes the effects of the War on Terror, Afghanistan and Iraq.
War in Afghanistan
The mujahideen rebels took up arms and fought fiercely against the Soviet-supported government.
Event
Consequence
Once you have completed the thinking maps, answer the focus question on a separate sheet of paper.
Focus Question: What are the consequences of the War on Terrorism, Afghanistan and Iraq?
Write one paragraph for each war. Use R.A.C.E. to write each paragraph (Three paragraphs total).
R
A
C
E
estate the question
nswer the question
ite Evidence
xplain the Answer
Some historians have argued that U.S. Involvement in the Middle East has led to the creation of more terrorist organizations...like ISIS.
Communists take Control of Afghanistan
Soviet-Afghan War
Multi-Mapping: Convert the guided reading into a thinking map which sequences the important events.
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