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Nursing Leadership

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by

Emma Cardwell

on 10 September 2014

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Transcript of Nursing Leadership

Leadership
There are two leadership theories
Contingency Approach
Recognizes that there can be other factors within the environment which influence outcomes.

Behavioral Approach
Autocratic Leader
Democratic Leader
Laissez-faire Leader
There is a time and place for different leaders however there are characteristics that should be universally evident in nurse leader.
You made it! We knew you could!
You are now (armed with the knowledge to be) an A+ LEADER!
We couldn't be prouder of you!
Nursing Leadership
What is it and why is it important?

Lets kick this learning in to high gear with a game of
TRIVIA TRIAGE
You're not off the hook just yet! To recap...
Nursing leaders 'are those who cause us to rethink the concepts we have of what it means to be a nurse; to research, to educate and to manage and consider how we enact nursing roles' (Borbasi, Jones & Gaston 2004, p. 174)
Leadership is defined 'as a process of influence in which the leader influences others toward goal achievement' (Leach & Gyurko 2012, p. 2).
Nursing
'Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well
and in all settings' (AHPRA 2014)
Nursing
Leadership
Autocratic Leaders
Democratic Leaders
Laissez-Faire Leaders
The leader is the centralized decision maker
Group members are not involved in the decision making, limiting potential member growth
The leader must be knowledgeable and competent

This form of leadership is participatory, delegation is shared among members
There is an expectation that all members engage and interact
Opportunity for member growth
It is more time consuming to be democratic
Daly et al. 2004; Johnson & Johnson 2003; Leach & Gyurko 2012
This type of leader is 'passive and permissive' (Leach & Gyurko 2012, p.5)
The leader sets the goals and rules; decision making is deferred to members
Does allow the utilization of specific and unique skills that are present in the group, as long as the leader delegates effectively.
Nursing Application
Nursing Application
Nursing Application

Leadership Qualities

PERSONAL
MASTERY
VALUES

ATTITUDE
OF
SERVICE
VALUES
RELATIONSHIPS
UNDERSTANDS THAT LEADERSHIP IS CONTEXTUAL
A SKILLED
MULTI-TASKER

CONTINUALLY
STRIVES TO
LEARN AND IMPROVE
AN EFFECTIVE
DECISION MAKER
UNDERSTANDS NURSING
IS A PART OF
POLITICAL
PROCESSES
LEADERS
MODEL BEST
PRACTICES
MODELS
INTEGRITY
specific to nursing
adapted from Leach & Gyurko (2012, table 1-1)
You bloody legend!
Daly et al., 2004; Johnson & Johnson 2003; Leach & Gyurko 2012
Daly et al., 2004; Johnson & Johnson 2003; Leach & Gyurko 2012
http://b.socrative.com/login/student/
Login: NursingLeadership
Hello
nursing friends,
Sue and
other acquaintances!


I am a
student nurse
Recently I have been hearing a lot about leadership in nursing but I am a little confused! If you are confused about nursing leadership too come on a journey with me as I unpack what it means to be a leader in nursing!
HANG ON!
Why do nurses need
to know about
leadership?
Functions & Roles of
Leadership in Nursing
Bring teams together, encourage innovation, foster positive communication, and strive to reach group goals
Implementing evidence based management
Balancing tensions between efficiency and reliability
Creating and sustaining trust
Managing the change process through communication, feedback, training, sustained effort and attention and worker involvement
(Huber 2014, pp. 2-3)
Creating a learning environment
In times of chaos, complexity and change, leadership is essential to provide the guidance, direction, and sense of stability needed to ensure followers effectiveness and satisfaction
Can create hostility and dependency among followers
Effective in a crisis
Time consuming
Effective function in an interdisciplinary team
(Huber 2014)
(Huber 2014)
Lacks structure
Effective when used with groups of fully independent care givers
(Huber 2014)
Forest of References
Borbasi, S., Jones, J. & Gaston, C. 2004, 'Leading, motivating and supporting colleagues in nursing practice', in J. Daly, S. Speedy & D. Jackson (eds), Nursing Leadership, Elsevier, Marrickville, NSW, pp. 167-183.

Cummins, G. 2013, ‘Nursing leadership and patient outcomes’, Journal of Nursing Management, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 707-708.

Daly, J., Speedy, S. & Jackson, D. (eds.) 2004, Nursing Leadership, Elsevier, Marrickville, NSW.

Dignam, D., Duffield, C., Gray, J., Jackson, D. & Daly, J. 2012, ‘Management and leadership in nursing: as Australian educational perspective’, Journal of Nursing Management, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 65-71.

Huber, D. 2014, Leadership & Nursing Care Management, Elsevier Saunders, St. Louis, Missouri.

Johnson, D. & Johnson, F. (eds.) 2003, Joining together: Group theory and group skills, 8th edn, Allyn & Bacon, Boston.

Leach, L. & Gyurko, C. 2012, 'Nursing Leadership and Management' in P. Kelly (ed.), Nursing Leadership and Management, Delmar, New York, pp.2-13.
A leader in nursing rethinks concepts, researches, educates and manages nursing practices
Leadership is important in times of chaos, complexity and change.
There is a time and a place for all types of leaders
Environmental factors can influence outcomes

Did you know nurses make up the largest group of healthcare professionals in the health system?
It is easy to see why leadership in nursing is important. The level of autonomy practiced by a nursing team can be directly proportional to quality patient outcomes.
(Cummins 2013)
Here are a few more reasons leadership is
important in nursing practice
Good leadership is an important factor in staff satisfaction and retention.
(Dignam et al. 2012)
Leach & Gyurko 2012
Full transcript