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Geographical Discoveries during the Renaissance

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Octave Lalliot

on 9 June 2014

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Transcript of Geographical Discoveries during the Renaissance

Geographical Discoveries during the Renaissance
In 1487, Portuguese Bartolomeu Dias (1450-1500) was the first person to reach the tip of the African continent, what we now know as the Cape of Good Hope.
This discovery by Bartolomeu Dias is a building block in the trade system that Portugal would set in place after Vasco de Gama led his own exploration to India.
Christopher Columbus and the West Indies
Most likely the most of all discoveries during the Discovery Age, Christopher Columbus set foot in 1492 in what he believed to be India, as his expedition's goal was to find a quicker route to India by sailing West instead of East.
However, Christopher Columbus set foot in today's San Salvadore, and unknowingly set the way for centuries of exploration and colonization.
Vasco de Gama and the route to India
In 1497, Vasco de Gama (1460-1524) managed to sail past the Cape of Good Hope, at which Bartolomeu Dias had previously stopped his journey and reached the Indian Coast, in Calicut.
This achievement by the Portugese sailor allowed his nation to build a spice trade system, upon which Vasco de Gama was in charge.
Vasco de Gama pushed his travels even further, reaching the Spice Islands in 1512.
Cabral and the discovery of Brazil
In 1500, Pedro Álvares Cabral (1468 – 1520) led another exploration appointed by Manuel I, king of Portugal, to discover another trade route to India.
Cabral set sail towards the West Atlantic, making landfall on what he believed to be a big island. According to the treaty of Torsedillas, this land mass was part of the Portugese area of exploration. Cabral therefore claimed the land, which later became known as Brazil.
Magellan and his circumnavigation
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who is most known for being the first one to achieve a circumnavigation. He left from Spain in 1519 and returned in 1522.
Unfortunately, Magellan died in a battle in 1521 at the Philippines, islands he discovered himself, Elcano took over the expedition.
The expedition led to the discovery of certain routes and lands.
The Strait of Magellan
One of the discoveries of Magellan was a strait linking the Pacific ocean and the Atlantic ocean. It was then named after him as the Strait of Magellan.
The strait facilitated the passage from the Pacific ocean to the Atlantic and made the journey to circle around South America shorter.
When entering the Pacific Ocean, he thought the sea was calm and named the Ocean "Mar Pacifico" which means "peaceful sea".
It created economical and political changes all over the world, and especially in Europe.
All these sailors and more set out on sea to find new routes to places they wanted to reach for trade.
Most common were India, China, Japan etc...
These discoveries only happened because of the Ottoman Turks: their capture of Constantinople benefited the world.
These discoveries during the Renaissance are very important today.
America – one of the greatest discoveries is now one of the world's most successful countries.
All those discoveries participated in the growth of trade and created more potential wealth.
Bartolomeu Dias
The Renaissance is part of history that we call "The Age of discovery".
After the fall of Constantinople, the trade of the West became impossible. Consequence : Kings encouraged the search for new Sea routes.
Spain and Portugal were the main pioneers in the quest for new land.
The development of navigation techniques facilitated geographical discoveries.
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