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Definition of the genres we will be reading in class

Asenath Rallison

on 12 September 2011

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Transcript of Genres

Genres Genres are types of literature. Each genre has a common topic, style, or form that makes it unique. Fiction means that the book is NOT true--the story came from the author's imagination. There are MANY different types of fiction. Non-Fiction (4) Realistic Fiction (4) Historical Fiction (4) Science Fiction (4) Traditional Literature (4) Fantasy (4) Poetry (4) Graphic Novel (2) Plays (3) Classics (4) The "Format" Genres During this presentation, you will need to take notes in your Writer's Notebook. I recommend you format your notebook like this page.

Make sure to leave extra room between each genre so you can take additional notes later. (I would give each genre at LEAST ten lines. Only leaving two like in this example simply won't be enough room!) Also make sure you include these sections in EACH genre definition. It will help you later, I promise. So in case you missed it the first time, a genre can be defined as a categorization of literature. Now, on to the genres! Don't be confused by the prefix "non" in Non-Fiction!

Non-Fiction simply means that it is NOT MADE UP, meaning that is is TRUE and REALLY HAPPENED.

The setting can be anywhere, as long as it is a REAL place.

The characters can be anyone, as long as they REALLY LIVED and said and acted the things mentioned in the book.

The plot can be anything, as long as it REALLY HAPPENED. So, if Non-Fiction is something REAL that REALLY HAPPENED and is a TRUE ACCOUNT, then Fiction is... made up. Historical Fiction is set in the past, and may contain people who really existed, but the majority of the story is invented by the author.

Setting: the past (real places)
Characters: invented characters drawn from history, along with some real ones.
Plot: captures the manners and beliefs of the people of the time. Stories that have been passed down from generation to generation and are well known. Traditional Literature includes fairy tales, myths, folk tales, as well as RETELLINGS of these stories.
Setting: usually culture based, but can be updated for a retelling
Characters: usually mythical characters and heroes
Plot: hero's journey/quest/cautionary tales
Realistic Fiction books have imaginary people and events that are similar to what "normal" people experience.
Setting: real world places
Characters: normal people
Plot: things that could really happen in todays world A fantastical story that usually involves magic and other supernatural/paranormal events.
Setting: often during a different time (like the middle ages) or world. Can be during current day, but adds another layer.
Characters: mythical, made up creatures like wizards, dragons, elves, witches, ghosts, vampires, etc.
Plot: good vs evil, quest or hero's journey. Mystery (3) A story where advanced technology creates interesting situations and problems.
Setting: usually in the future, space or other planets
Characters: "normal" people in the future, aliens, robots, mad scientists
Plot: exploring the effects of scientific progress, dystopias, resisting government A story where a crime or mystery must be solved. Finding out "who done it" is what drives the story.
Setting: big cities or small towns, "creepy" places
Characters: police, detectives/super smart person who figures things out
Plot: "Who done it?" story; trying to solve the mystery. The "Format" Genres are still categories of literature, but they are based on the FORMAT of the book (how it is written) rather than the subject matter. A play is written with the intention to be performed. The dialogue between each character is written out in a script, as are the stage directions. A novel in a traditional comic format or other art-driven design. Writing that deals with strong emotion, and is written in verse (line breaks.) Uses figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification, etc). Literature that has stood the test of time and is seen as valuable and important. A retelling of the myth of Persephone and Hades. Your Choice (10) You get to read 10 books of your choice, from whichever genre your heart desires. (This is the number of books in that genre you should read. 4 non-fiction titles.)
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