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SELF AWARENESS AND VALUES FORMATION
Transcript of SELF AWARENESS AND VALUES FORMATION
• Being harshly criticized
• Being physically, sexually, or emotionally abused
• Being ignored, ridiculed, or teased
• Being expected to be perfect all the time. People with low self-esteem were often given messages—from parents, teachers, peers, or others—that failed experiences (losing a game, getting a poor grade, etc.) were failures of their whole self
• Self monitoring
SELF AWARENESS AND VALUES FORMATION
What is self-concept?
Self-concept is the image that we have of ourselves.
This image is formed in a number of ways, but is particularly influenced by our interactions with important people in our lives.
Sixth Commandment says: "You shall not murder." Maybe you are thinking, "now there's one I have never broken", but Jesus says that if you have hatred in your heart toward someone you have broken this commandment. Have you ever told someone that you hate them? Have you even thought it in your heart? Watch out, because the Bible says you are guilty of murder.
Law - God's Instructions
Laws are rules of conduct given by competent authority for the common good. God's moral law presupposes a rational order of nature by which creatures can gain their final goal. All law finds its truth in God's eternal law and is established by reason participating in God's loving care.
"Among all the animals, only man was worthy to receive a law from God to govern his conduct by using his freedom and will" (Tertullian).
Seventh Commandment says: "You shall not commit adultery." Adultery is a sexual relationship outside of being married. God forbids any sex outside of a marriage relationship. God created sex to be a wonderful blessing for a man a woman. Jesus says that when we have wrongful sexual desires in our heart and we don't do anything to stop it, we have broken this law.
Ninth Commandment says, "You shall not bear false witness." This commandment simply means we are never to lie. Often one lie will lead to many lies. In God's eyes there is no such thing as a white lie and a black lie--a lie is a lie and anytime we tell a lie we have broken the ninth commandment.
Tenth Commandment says: "You shall not covet." To covet is to want something that someone else has. Breaking this commandment has caused people to kill for something as trivial as a coat or tennis shoes. Coveting has actually started wars that have killed millions of people. God wants us to be thankful for all He has given us. It's not wrong to want something, but if we want something someone else has and we scheme and plot to get it, we have broken the tenth commandment.
Thus, they should have...
- A term used in psychology to reflect person's overall emotional evaluation of his or her own worth.
- It is a judgment of oneself as well as an attitude toward the self.
- Positive or negative evaluations of the self, as in how we feel about it.
Where Does Self-Esteem Come From?
Our self-esteem evolves throughout our lives as we develop an image of ourselves through our experiences with different people and activities. Experiences during childhood play a particularly large role in the shaping of self-esteem. When we were growing up, our successes, failures, and how we were treated by our family, teachers, coaches, religious authorities, and peers, all contributed to the creation of our self-esteem.
Clemente, Reyes, Bulatao, Torrano,
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Who do we consider self actualized people?
Self-actualized people are the ones who tend to accept themselves and others as they are. They tend to lack inhibition and are able to enjoy themselves and their lives free of guilt. Other people are treated the same regardless of background, current status, or other socio-economic and cultural factors.
Eighth Commandment says, "You shall not steal." This commandment isn't just speaking of robbing banks or breaking into someone's house to steal from it---it means taking anything that doesn't belong to you, even if it's just a penny or a piece of gum or someones pencil. Even if you find something that is not yours, doesn't mean that you can automatically keep it--"finders keepers losers weepers" isn't in the Bible. Remember God sees everything that we do and if we have ever taken anything that is not ours, no matter how small, we have broken the eighth commandment.
There are people who are high self-monitors and people who are low self-monitors. A high self-monitor is someone who is concerned about how they are perceived by others and will actually change their behavior in order to fit different situations (e.g., if they believe they will be perceived negatively by others, they may change their behavior so that they are perceived more positively...rather than just acting in a consistent manner).
On the other hand, a low self-monitor is someone who is less concerned with how other people perceive them and will be more likely to act consistently. For example, a low self-monitor who has certain religious beliefs will be more likely than a high self-monitor to express their actual beliefs across situations (a high self-monitor might say something other than their true beliefs if they believe the situation calls for it or if they believe others will perceive them in a negative manner).
A moral value is a universally accepted ethical principle that governs the day to day living of life. These principles are important in maintaining unity, harmony and honor between people. Moral values are usually communal and shared by the public in general, thus if there is no agreement among community members no moral values will be established.
Moral values are the standards of good and evil, which govern an individual’s behavior and choices. Individual’s morals may derive from society and government, religion, or self. When moral values derive from society and government they, of necessity, may change as the laws and morals of the society change.
(Dictionary) A general rule of right living; esp : such a rule or group of rules conceived as universal and unchanging and as having the sanction of God's will, of conscience, of man's moral nature, or of natural justice as revealed to human reason<the basic protection of rights is the moral law based on man's dignity — Time>
Expressions of God's Law (1952-1953)
There are various expressions of moral law
1. God's eternal law,
2. Natural law,
3. Law revealed in the Old Testament,
4. The law of the Gospel, Church law,
5. Civil law
The moral law finds its fullness in Christ. "For Christ is the end of the law, that everyone who has faith may be justified" (Rom 10:4).
A Law Engraved on Man's Heart (1954)
Man participates in the wisdom of God and in the goodness of God. By the natural law, man has the moral sense to discern good and evil.
"The natural law is engraved in the soul of every man, because human reason tells him to do well and avoid evil. It has force because it is the voice of a higher reason to which our spirit must submit" (Pope Leo XIII).
Expressed in the Ten Commandments (1955)
This "divine and natural" law and is expressed in the Ten Commandments. The law is "natural" because reason (which decrees it) belongs to human nature. "These rules are written in the book of that light which we call truth and are imprinted on the heart of man as a seal upon wax" (St. Augustine). "Natural law is the light of understanding placed in us by God through which we know what we must do and what we must avoid" (St. Augustine).
Over All Men (1956)
This natural law is universal, and its authority extends to every man, determining the basis for his rights and duties. "This true law is diffused among all men, is immutable and eternal. To replace it with a contrary law is a sacrilege" (Cicero).
The application of this law varies greatly because it considers many different conditions. Yet, even amid diversity of cultures, the natural law bonds men together and imposes common principles.
Even amid the flux of ideas, this law is immutable and permanent throughout history, with rules which remain substantially valid. Even when rejected, the law is not destroyed but rises again in individuals and societies. "This is the law that iniquity itself does not efface" (St. Augustine).
Basis of Society (1959)
Upon this natural law, man can build moral rules and the human community can establish a moral foundation. Natural law is the basis for that civil law which draws conclusions from its principles and creates legal structures.
Moral law is a system of guidelines for behavior. These guidelines may or may not be part of a religion, codified in written form, or legally enforceable. For some people moral law is synonymous with the commands of a divine being. For others, moral law is a set of universal rules that should apply to everyone.
APPLICATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
Gods’ commandments are basically the foundation to what our moral values dictates. It is an outline for us to set standards on how our morals should be.
Commandment No. 1 says: "You shall have no other gods before Me." This means that there will be nothing more important in your life than God.
Commandment No. 2 says: "You shall not make for yourself a carved image." This commandment is speaking of idols.
Commandment No.3 says: "You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain."To take God's name in vain is to use the name "God", "Lord", "Jesus" in a disrespectful, careless way.
Commandment No. 4 says: "Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy." In this commandment, God is asking that we set aside one day of the week and honor God throughout that day as we rest and think about Him.
Commandment No. 5 says: "Honor your father and mother." Whenever we talk to our mother of father in a disrespectful way,we are breaking this commandment.