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Unit 8 Lecture 2

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by

Wade Long

on 8 May 2016

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Transcript of Unit 8 Lecture 2

The Slavery Debate
Attempts to deal with controversy
Missouri Compromise (1821)
Popular Sovereignty
Compromise of 1850
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
Nothing worked long term
Supreme Court's turn
Dred Scott
Dred Scott was a slave
His owner moved to Wisconsin in 1830s
MO Compromise prohibited slavery in WI
Lived as a slave until owner's death,1846
Sued for freedom based on MO Compromise
Owner's widow contested
Scott appealed
Case lasted for 11 years of legal battles
Supreme Court Intervened - 1857
Chance to decide slavery once and for all
Chief Justice Roger Taney
Democrat
Fan of the South
Reaction
Southerners rejoiced
Saw this as a confirmation of their rights
Assumed the issue was finally decided
Republican's angry
Believed this was beyond the court's authority
Called Taney a "bitter sectionalist"
Refused to accept Taney's ruling
Court's Decision
Restriction of slavery unconstitutional
Missouri Compromise
Compromise of 1850
Popular Sovereignty
Legal reasoning
Taney believed slaves were property, not people
Property had no rights
Laws could not restrict the movement of property
The Dred Scott Case
Sectionalism Increased
Continued Republican attempts to limit slavery
Further attempts to limit expansion of slavery
Hoped for a Republican president in 1860
Southerners worries increased
Called Republicans "traitors"
Paranoid that a Republican president would outlaw slavery
Wanted a federal slavery law instead of just state laws
Democrats
Southern Democrats supported decision
Stephen Douglas and Northern Dems still supported Popular Sovereignty
Discussion Questions
Be prepared to discuss the following questions in class tomorrow!
Do you think the Court should have intervened in this matter?
We know that Southerners favored strong state governments, but how did that change following the Dred Scott ruling?
Do you think Republicans were right to ignore the ruling?
Full transcript