Transcript of Kamchatka : A Diverse Ecosystem
KAMCHATKA Surviving the Unforgiving Kamchatka * located at 57N 160E *Biome: Taiga *Located in Russia *Kamchatka is a UNESCO World Heritage Site *Although it shares the same latitude as Great Britain, Kamchatka is substantially colder While Kamchatka is considered a taiga, its climate is considered "sub-arctic" in the south and "polar" in the north Kamchatka's climate is severe, "with prolonged, cold and snowy winters and wet, cool summers" - Encyclopedia Britannica Kamchatka's Mountains: 1. The Sredinny is the name for Kamchatka's western mountain range that runs along its spine. 2.Vosotchny is the name for Kamchatka's eastern range. Volcanic Activity: Kamchatka is home to 127 volcanoes, 22 of which are still active. The volcanic activity is due to a fault line that lies on the eastern side of the Vosotchny Range Klyuchevskaya Sopka Klyuchevskaya is Kamchatka's highest peak at 15,584 feet. Still an active volcano, Klyuchevskaya has erupted more than 50 times since 1700 and is constantly billowing smoke Kamchatka is 1.5 times the size of Germany even though it only has a total population of just over 300,000 people Size and Population Seasons: Winter Spring Summer Fall Kamchatka has four seasons just as we do, however they are drastically different than our own 5 monthes, and very cold short and cold shorter than winter and very foggy "the best season in Kamchatka" Average Monthly Temp. Kamchatka Climatograph Abiotic Factors Wind! Humidity! Effect of Humans: Overfishing Poaching Since the fall of the soviet union, foreign fisheries have acquired fishing liscenses and have begun to over fish the Kamchatka coast After the Soviet Union fell, increased transportation to Kamchatka increased both legal hunting of bears as well as the illegal poaching of salmon for caviar, as well as the poaching of bears for their pelts and claws. Protected Areas 1. Kronotsky Bioshpere Reserve 2. Southern Kamchatka Wildlife Refuge Plants "heracleum dulce" Kamchatka Brown Bear "ursus arctos beringianus" - a perfect example of predator prey relationship with kamchatka salmon Arctic Fox "alopex lagopus" - a perfect example of commensalism with the larger predators of Kamchatka such as the brown bear and the steller's eagle Steller's Sea Eagle "Haliaeetus Pelagicus" - perfect example of "kleptoparasitism, or stealing in other words. This is an example of interspecific competition 1.Animals - Animal Pictures - Wild Animal Facts - Nat Geo Wild - National Geographic." Animals - Animal Pictures - Wild Animal Facts - Nat Geo Wild - National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/>.Full transcript
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