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Environmental economics: Soil Contamination
Transcript of Environmental economics: Soil Contamination
Physically or chemically attached to soil particles
Trapped in small spaces b/w soil particles
Presence of toxic fuels in soil Solution: Social Involvement Awareness Legislative actions Government's application of more powerful Incentives Efficient Prevention system Decrease in impacts on the environment What is soil contamination? Causes Impacts Construction sites
Chemicals that travel through air
Release of asbestos
Water erosion Destruction of the aquatic life
Infertility of lands
Interruption in the progress of the agricultural sector Main focus: Europe Quick Facts In Europe, industries are 60% responsible of EU Soil pollution.
14% of those industries are from the oil sector
There are approximately 250,000 contaminated sites that currently require cleaning up OVAM "Prevent new contamination and remediate historical contamination are the main objectives of the Decree for soil remediation and soil protection from 27th October 2006, ratified by the Flemish government"- OVAM Belgium (FLanders) Goal Pros Cons The ground information register and the possibility to request a soil certificate, an extract of this register.
The difference between historical and new soil pollution.
The difference between obligation and liability for remediation. Proportion of action is low
Not generally applicable
The implementation of liability is weak
Not preventive URBACT URBACT is a European exchange and learning program promoting sustainable urban development.
"We enable CITIES to work together to develop solutions to major urban challenges, reaffirming the key role they play in facing increasingly complex societal changes." URBACT is 500 cities, 29 countries and 7,000 active participants ! Where is the social involvement ? Brownfields Works Cited Strategies Soil contamination is divided into two main categories: Anthropogenic (human activities), and Natural. Soil certificates
Historical or New Contamination?
Ground information register (GIR)
Obligation and liability for remediation What you need to know "The obligation does not rest on the owner of the land contaminated by migration of contaminating substances from other property" -(ovam.org) . Ovam works with a command-and-control strategy. Market-based incentive is not an efficient alternative. Ambient Standards, are used in this case to determine whether a remediation for pollution is a liability or an obligation. Liability law is what this policy is based on. It requires the operator (polluter), to clean up for the amount of pollution they have released. (Taxation During Land transfer) http://www.epa.gov/superfund/students/wastsite/soilspil.htm