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Transcript of Reshaping institutions
Piecing together of different institutional elements at hand
timber is income
Pay for education
Better life and future
Protect Traditional identity
Guard forest dependent
Forestry affected by many
government interferences on timber logging is not welcome
anti government sentiments
Welcome NGO facilitation to improve
livelihoods in a sustainale manner
Forestry in Amazon
that are pieced together in creative processes
externally introduced formal institutions
already existing local
patchwork of different institutions
for smallholder forestry in the Amazon
3 practices of institutional bricolage
recombination of socially embedded institutions and bureaucratic institutions
reshaping of socially embedded and/or bureaucratic institutions
rejecting bureaucratic institutions by articulating socially embedded institutions
Timber logging in the Amazon rainforest is controversial. Smallholders living in the Amazon traditionally depend on forest resources for their livelihood. Many regulations for logging exist aimed at these smallholders. Often these regulations lead to unexpected outcomes as many institutional factors affect their forest practices.
This research asks the questions:
1. What are the institutional influences on smallholder forestry?
2. How do smallholders respond to the institutional influences?
Through a qualitative study including 6 cases in the Amazon region of Bolivia and Ecuador, this research finds that:
1. Institutions are subject to processes of institutional bricolage leading to a diversity of responses
2. Institutions are reshaped and reconstructed in order to better fit them in the daily lives of smallholders.
3. Institutional bricolage processes have both positive and negative effects on sustainable forest management.
Jessica de Koning