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Social Gospel Movement
Transcript of Social Gospel Movement
Movement Impact Contributors Criticism
and Decline "Third
Great Awakening" Organizations Immigrants Problems Background Reformers believed that lack of human morality caused many social problems
Influenced individuals to behave more humanely
Urged people to be kinder, taught that a Christian approach to a problem could help solve it Poor working conditions
Immigrants http://progressiveeradotcom.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/burden1.gif First American settlement house founded by Charles B. Stover and Stanton Coit (1886)
Jane Addam's Hull House (1889)
Provided daycare, education, and health care Founded community centers, social services, and churches
Influenced more specified reform movements
Civil rights Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA)
Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA)
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
The Salvation Army "A Theology for the Social Gospel" by Walter Rauschenbusch http://archives.williams.edu/williamshistory/greylock/wgladden.jpg
Father of the Gospel Movement
Religious editor in "The Independent"
Served as minister of the First Congregational Church in Ohio
Encouraged congregants to play an active role in the community
Attack immorality in government officials and citizens Washington Gladden http://spider.georgetowncollege.edu/htallant/courses/his338/students/kpotter/walter.jpg Walter Rauschenbusch Pastor of the Second German Baptist Church in "Hell's Kitchen," New York
Believed that Christian principles should reflect acts of compassion, justice, and social change
Wrote "A Theology for the Social Gospel" in 1917
"It is not a matter of getting individuals into heaven, but of transforming the life on earth into the harmony of heaven." The Social Gospel Movement was a Protestant movement that arose in the later 19th century. This movement was in response to the rapid immigration, urbanization, and industrialization of the time. The main goal was to improve social welfare. http://nedstuckeyfrench.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/267058580-19164812.jpg Hull House Complex in Chicago Movement is believed to have declined after World War I
Growth of fundamentalism (believed people needed to interpret the bible literally to follow the christian way of life)
Neo-Orthodox theology (believed strongly on the emphasis of God by God’s revelation as the source of the Christian doctrine) http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~scwhite/kennedy/1903ScrantonYMCA.jpg YMCA in Scranton, Pennsylvania http://www.nyfolklore.org/images4/catsk-3.jpg http://ia700300.us.archive.org/BookReader/BookReaderImages.php?zip=/16/items/theologyforsoc00raus/theologyforsoc00raus_jp2.zip&file=theologyforsoc00raus_jp2/theologyforsoc00raus_0023.jp2&scale=4&rotate=0 http://www.actingoutpolitics.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/ChildLabor1.jpg References "About the Progressive Religious Tradition." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. N.p., 26 Dec. 2003. Web. 4 Jan. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/now/society/socialgospel.html>
Moyers, Bill. "The Social Gospel Tradition ." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. N.p., 3 July 2009. Web. 4 Jan. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/moyers/journal/07032009/profile2.html>.
"Progressivism and Religion." Boundless. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2013. <https://www.boundless.com/history/progressive-era-1890-1917/politics-progressivism/progressivism-and-religion/>.
"Social Gospel Movement ." Ohio History Central. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2013. <http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1527>.
"Walter Rauschenbusch ." Rauschenbusch Center for Spirit and Action. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2013. <http://www.rauschenbusch.org/rauschenbusch.htm>.
"Religious Revival: The "Social Gospel" [ushistory.org]." U.S. History. U.S. History Online Textbook , n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2013. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/38e.asp>.
"Washington Gladden." progressiveeradotcom. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2013. <http://progressiveeradotcom.wordpress.com/author/jjonesstonehill12/page/2/>. Rauschenbusch stated that the movement needed "a theology to make it effective" and likewise, "theology needs the social gospel to vitalize it." He says the individualistic gospel allowed people to see the sinfulness in each individual. It inspired them to have faith in God to save every person that comes to him. Rauschenbusch explains that the individualist gospel did not teach people to see the sinfulness of the social order. Christians in the Social Gospel movement stressed the "kingdom of God" on earth and the responsibility of a Christian society to bring it about. In essence, he wrote this theology so that the movement would be more defined and recognized.