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A Family Tree of the Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Rome

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Devon Roch

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of A Family Tree of the Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Rome

Oceanus Gaea & Uranus Perieres Hellen Semele Pluto Iapetus Aeolus Leda Polus & Phoebe Hyperion & Thea Oceanus was sometimes thought to be a serpent-like being that encircles the Earth. After the God’s
came to power the god Neptune came to power as the god of the oceans, rivers, and water. He was the
only titan that was not against Jupiter in the war. He was the protector of Juno and Rhea while there
was fighting with the titans. Clymene Latona & Jupiter Diana Apollo & Hyria Cycnus & Atlas & Pleione Pandora Eplmetheus & Pleiades Hyades Jupiter Electra Maia Mercury Dardanus Erichtonius Tros Pyrrha & Deucallon & Gorgophone & Oebalus Icarius Penelope & Ulysses Deidamela & Thestius Saturn & Rhea Hestia Demeter Neptune & Lybia Belus Agenor Europa Aegyptus Lynceus Abas Acrislus Danae Jupiter & Perseus Andromeda & Cepheus & Cassiopaia Jupiter Juno Vulcan Mars Venus & Eros Harmonia & Cadmus Jupiter Bacchus Juventas Hercules & & & Gaea is known as "mother earth." She is considered the mother of everything apart of the Earth. She
is also known to preside over marriages, to be a nurse to the sick, and was the first among the oracles.
Later on in the story of the mother of all things, she mated with her first born son, Uranus, producing
her horrific offspring. Uranus was so upset by these children, created by his wife and their own child,
that he banished them to the underworld. Gaea, angered, gave a sickle to her child Saturn, ordering him
to attack his own father. Saturn succeeded and scattered the parts all over the ocean. Uranus was the image of heaven and of the sky. When Uranus was born, he banished the Cyclopes and
the Hecatoncheiris into Tartarus. When his son Saturn stood up to him, using a sickle, he mutilated
Uranus, and doing so created the Furies, and the Giants. Polus was the Titan of intelligence and learning. He was married to his sister, Phoebe. Latona is best known as the mother of Apollo and Diana. Apollo and his twin sister Diana were the
result of another case of infidelity on the part of Jupiter. His wife Juno was so enraged that she would
not allow their mother Letona give birth anywhere. Letona eventually found sanctuary on the floating
islands of Ortygia and Delos. In recognition of Delos of being a haven for Letona, Jupiter made the island
immovable and decreed that no one would be allowed to be born or die there. Prometheus Clymene is the Titan Goddess of renown, fame and infamy. Also known as Asia. Prometheus was given the task of creating man, however, he was upset with how they turned out, so
he aided mankind by taking fire from Jupiter and delivered it to the men. He was also believed to be the
teacher of astronomy, medicine, navigation, metalworking, architecture, and writing. He was the father
of Humankind. As punishment to Prometheus for stealing the fire, Jupiter had him chained to a rock.
While chained to this rock, an eagle flew down and plucked at his liver each and every day; it grew back
each night. Another punishment given to Prometheus was that Jupiter sent the woman Pandora to
the world, along with bundle which she was not allowed to open or know its contents. Prometheus's
brother took Pandora to be his bride, and the two opened the bundle, releasing all of the woes of
human kind. Atlas, after the battle between the Titans and the Olympians and the Titans were placed in Tartarus as
punishment, was instead forced to carry the entire weight of the sky on his shoulders. Atlas was set free
once by Hercules, but was later tricked into resuming his burden. The Pleiades were the companions of Artemis, were the seven daughters of the titan Atlas and the sea-nymph Pleione born on Mount Cyllene. They consisted of Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celeno, Merope, Asterope, and Alcyone. Mercury was the winged messenger of the gods. He was the god of flocks, road, eloquence, trading, thieves, commerce, and was also associated with fertility. Trade and travel were closely related so he became a god of mercantiles, gambling, profit, hazard, and gaming. He was also the god of athletes and is given credit for inventing boxing and racing. He was also the inventor of the lyre, and was the bringer of good fortune, god of shepards, boundaries, and the guardian of graves. It was his job to lead the souls as he was the only one who could find his way back. Pleione was an Okeanid nymph of Mount Kyllene Hercules was considered one of the greatest heroes of mythology. He was known as a demi-god and personified great strength and courage. Hercule's performed great tasks from the moment of birth when he strangled two snakes that Juno sent to his bed to kill him. Hercule's was not always the great hero and was sometimes known for fits of madness. One day in a fit of madness he even killed his own children and his first wife Megara. In order to attone for this deed, Hercule's was to perform 12 labors for his cousin King Eurystheus Mars was known as the god of spring and growth in nature. Mars was well liked and sometimes associated with fertility and vegetation. Venus was known as the goddess of love, beauty, and fertility. She represented the values of sacred love and marriage as well as female sensuality and desire Eros was the god of love and fertility. He was known to represent all of the strife and misery that could be brought about by love and desire. Bacchus was the god of fertility, vegetation, the vine, and the pleasures of civilization. Bacchus was pretty much known as the partier of the Greek pantheon and was often associated with orgiastic rites. Throughout mythology he also became known as a cultivator of the soil, a lawgiver, a peacemaker, and the patron of tragic art. Juno was considered the queen of Olympus. She was also considered the patroness of marriage. Although married to Jupiter, their marriage was an all but faithful and happy one. Their relationship was full of many quarrels and infidelities of Jupiter.This made Juno vengeful. Jupiter was the chief god of mythology and was perhaps best known as a sky god. He controlled the sky, winds, clouds, rain, thunder, and lightning. Being that Jupiter was chief god, he presided over many other aspects than the sky. He was also known as a god of battle, games, agriculture, and the state. Vulcan was known as the god of craftsmen, smiths, and fire. Even though he was lame, Vulcan was excellent at what he did and was also known as the patron of smiths. His smoky, flaming workshop was located under Mount Etna. Neptune was the god of the sea and of earthquakes. However, it is sometimes noted that he was a god of fertility and herdsmen in ancient times. During his reign he lived with is wife and children in an underwater cave in Eubol. Saturn was known as the ruler of the Titans and was the one who overthrew his own father Uranus. Later he himself was dethroned by his own son Jupiter. He was so worried about being dethroned that he swallowed each of his children immediately after they were born. However, Rhea tricked him with his son Jupiter, instead of offering Saturn his son to devour, she instead wrapped a rock in a blanket and hid Jupiter away, who later returned to have his revenge. It is also believed that Saturn may have been a corn-god in very ancient times. This is why he is often depicted holding the sickle, and why this was the weapon he chose to defeat his own father with. Demeter was known as the goddess of crops (corn especially) who presided over all dealings related to the harvest. Persephone Unknown to Persephone's mother Demeter, she was promised to the god Pluto as a wife. One day after Persephone had grown to womanhood, the earth opened up and she was taken by Pluto into the underworld. Demeter was so distraught that she wandered the earth, searching for her taken child until the god Helius had told her what happened. In an act of anger, Demeter left Olympus as wandered t Eleusis disguised as an old woman. While Demeter was in suffering the earth grew no fruit nor bore no crops. Jupiter finally intervened and allowed Persephone to return home. Unknown to all but Pluto, Persephone had eaten 4 seeds of the pomegranate fruit. Because of this Persephone must return to the underworld for 4 months of the year, the rest she was to remain above. Diana is the virgin goddess of hunting, childbirth, chastity, and sudden death. She is also associated with
the moon as her twin brother Apollo is with the sun. Diana always carries a special bow and arrow set,
created by the god Vulcan. Hyperion is sometimes classified as a god of the sun like Apollo. However, other stories actually use his name to represent the sun as a whole. Helius Luna Aurora Hestia was the goddess of the hearth and fire. She was an extremely pure and peace-loving goddess that kept free from all disputes and delicate situations. Hestia was considered to represent personal security and happiness. Pluto was the god of the underworld and also wealth. After his brother Jupiter defeated his father Saturn the three brothers drew lots to see who would rule what parts of the universe. Neptune was assigned as the ruler of all watery domains, Pluto received all of the underworld, and Jupiter received all of the heavens. A very popular story of Pluto involves his love of the goddess Persephone. He popped out of the earth in his chariot and carried her off down into the underworld Persephone & Apollo is the god of poetry, music, archery, prophecy, justice, law, order and of healing. His main well-
known aspect is that he is the sun-god. Aeolus was the keeper/god of the winds, he lived on the floating island of Aeolia. He gave Odysseus the bag of winds to blow the ships home to Ithaca. Unfortunately, the crew thought Odyseeus was hiding gold and opened the bag, letting out the winds in the opposite direction. Cyane or Amphithea & Juventas was the cupbearer of the gods. Later in her worship she was considered the goddess of youth. She even had the power to bring back the youth in those older. Helius was best known as the sun-god. Because he was a sun god and resided high in the sky, he was known as being all-seeing. He was often called upon by those needing a witness of the events Phoebe was the Titan goddess of the "bright" intellect Mortal woman Cycnus was a handsome hunter, living in the district between Pleuron and Calydon, and although
beloved by many, repulsed all his lovers. & Salacia Triton Salacia was the Goddess of the sea, as well as of salt water, she presided over the depths of the ocean. She was the wife and queen of Neptune, the god of the sea and water Brother of Prometheus, he was punished for the actions of his brother when Jupiter sent Pandora (Created by Vulcan) down to Earth, where Eplmetheus fell in love with her. However, Pandora brought with her a package, of which the contents were unknown. Jupiter knew that they would be too curious to refrain from opening the box and when the did, all the horrors of humanity escaped (except hope) and terrorized man. Pandora was the very first woman who was formed out of clay by the gods (specifically Bacchus). She was created with beauty and cunning, and her purpose was to bring disaster to the men who lived on Earth, as revenge for Prometheus' deed of bringing fire to man. She brought with her a package, given to her by Zeus as a wedding gift (She married Prometheus' brother). She had no knowledge of what was inside and when she opened it, she released destruction and chaos to mankind. Warned by his father,Prometheus, Deucalion built an ark to survive the coming human-ending flood that Jupiter was sending to punish mankind for its wickedness. Deucalion and his cousin-wife, Pyrrha (daughter of Epimetheus and Pandora), survived for 9 days of flooding before landing at Mt. Parnassus. All alone in the world they wanted company. In answer to this need, the titan of prophecy Themis, told them to throw the bones of their mother behind them. They interpreted this as meaning "throw stones over their shoulders onto Mother Earth," and did so. The stones Deucalion threw became men and those Pyrrha threw became women. . ...And then Man ...Then there was the Titans, and then the Gods First there was Creation... Libya was the daughter of Epaphus, King of Egypt, and his wife Cassiopeia. She married Neptune, a foreigner to the land, of much power but whose true power was unknown. Agenor was born in Memphis of Egypt to Neptune. He had a twin brother named Belus. Belus was the son of Neptune and Libya. ALso known as Busiris, son of Libya, ruler of Egypt, killed by Hercules.
The wife of Belus has been named as Achiroe. Her sons Aegyptus and Danaus were twins. Euripides, a mistress, added Cepheus and Phineus as additional sons of Belus. Dardanus fled from Arcadia across the sea to Samothrace. When that island was visited by a flood, he crossed over to the Troad, a region surrounding Troy in Asia Minor. Being hospitably received by Teucer (ruler of Phrygia), he married Teucer's daughter Bateia and became the founder of the royal house of Troy.Dardanus was the son of Jupiter and Electra, one of the Pleiades, daughter of the Titan Atlas and Pleione. He found the city of Dardania, situated on the slope of Mount Ida. Dardanus' brother, Iasion became the lover of the goddess Demeter, who bore him a son Plutus. Bateia bore Dardanus two sons, Ilus and Erichthonius.

Ilus died childless, his younger brother Erichthonius succeeded him. His wife Astyoche, daughter of the river-god Simöeis (Simoeis), bore him a son Tros. Tros was a ruler of Troy and the son of Erichthonius by Astyoche The Hyades were the nymphs of the five stars of the constellation Hyades. They were daughters of the Titan Atlas who bore heaven upon his shoulders. After their brother Hyas was killed by a lion, the sisters were placed amongst the stars as the constellation Hyades. Hyas himself was transformed into the constellation Aquarius. The heliacal setting of their constellation in November marked the start of the rainy season in Greece, hence the star nymphs were known as "the Rainy Ones." Rhea was the mother of the Gods. Thanks for watching :)
I am sorry that this took so long :(
<3 you guys are awesome! Iapetus was the titan of justice. Gorgophone was one of the only woman to have married twice. She was married to Perieres until he passed away and then married Oebalus. Leda was the daughter of King Thestius, and the wife of King Tyndareus. Jupiter appeared to her as a swan, and seduced her. Since she also slept with her husband, two of her children were mortal, and two were immortal. They were also hatched from eggs. Her children were Helen (better known as the beautiful Helen of Troy), Clytemnestra, Castor and Polydeuces, who was immortal. Penelope is another of those mythic heroines whose beauties were rather those of character and conduct than of person. She was the daughter of Icarius, a Spartan prince. Ulysses, king of Ithaca, sought her in marriage, and won her over all competitors. While Ulysses is away on his journeys, Penelope is always faithful to him. Ulysses was the king of Ithaca, he was married to Penelope and they had a son named Telemachus. He was one of the Greek leaders in the Trojan War. He took part in the creation of the Trojan horse and helped to destroy Troy. He fought Neptunes son, the cyclops, and won. Ulysses encountered a sorceress named Circe who had turned the other crew members into hogs, but with the help of Mercury, he escaped. Ulysses finally reclaimed his throne much time later, reuniting with Penelope. Europa was kidnapped by Jupiter when he was in the form of a white bull because of her beauty. Andromeda was the daughter of the Ethiopian king Cepheus and queen Cassiopeia. One day, the vain queen had bragged that her daughter Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereids, the sea nymphs, who complained to Neptune, the god of the sea who in turn unleashed the sea monster Cetus to frequently ravage the coast and devastate the land of Ethiopia. The desperate king Cephus appealed Jupiter, who suggested the sacrifice of Andromeda as the only way to appease Neptune.

Perseus found himself face to face with the beautiful Andromeda chained helplessly onto the rocks, awaiting her doom and immediately fell in love with her. He then killed Cetus the beast using the head of the gorgon.
Perseus took Andromeda to her father Cepheus and asked for her hand in marriage. This angered Andromeda's uncle who she was already promised to. Perseus turned him to stone with the head of the gorgon.
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