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Kingdom Protista

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vithuna tharmarajah

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of Kingdom Protista

Kingdom Protista
Anaerobis vs. Aerobic
Aerobic is when the organism uses oxygen
Anaerobic is where the organism doesn't use oxygen
Some Protists are Aerobic and Anarobic
Physiological Features
Gas exchange: occurs through diffusion
Nutrition: Protozoans are catagorized as heterotoph therefore they do not make their own food
Digestion: Protozoans have an intracellular digestion
Respiration: Is primiarly an aerobaic process but also accomplished by diffusion
Cell Wall Present
Sometimes present but first...
Different types of Protist
Fungi-like
Plant-like
Animal-like
Fungi-like and plant like protist have a cell wall made of cellulose
Animal-like protest do not have cell wall
Asexual vs. Sexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction-
2 parents needed (male and female)
Genetically different
Meiosis
Asexual
1 parent needed (male or female)
Genetically identical
Mitosis
Protists can reproduce sexually or asexually (may alternate)
Diagram of Amoeba
Domain
Autotroph vs. Heterotroph
Autotrophs producde their own food using photosynthesis and other processes.
Heterotrophs get food from others.
Protists are either autotrophs or heterotroph dependent on the type.
Unicellular vs. Multicellular
Some Unicellular, Some Multicellular.
Depends on what type of protists it is.
Euglenozoa, Alveolates, Diatoms, Chrysophyta, Choanoflagellates, etc.
Red Algae, Brown Algae, Omycetes, Mycetotes, etc.
Motility
Majority of protists are motile
Using Cilia-little hair like structures on the cell membrane
Using flagella- A tail extending outside the cell.
Anatomical Features
protists are only seen with microscopes
protists have characteristics of both plants and animals
some are unicellular and some others are multicellular.
protists are propelled by tiny hair called cilia
They are encased with glassy silica based shells or wound pellicles of protein strips.
Reference List
• Aerobic Respiration vs Anaerobic Respiration (2011, May 20). In Compare Anything. Retrieved September 15, 2013, from http://www.diffen.com/difference/

Aerobic_Respiration_vs_Anaerobic_Respiration

•Asexual and sexual reproduction. (n.d.). BioTopics Website - Main Index Front Page. Retrieved September 13, 2013, from http://www.biotopics.co.uk• Asexual and Sexual

Reproduction Study Guide | Education.com. (n.d.). Education.com | An Education & Child Development Site for Parents | Parenting & Educational Resource. Retrieved September

13, 2013, from http://www.education.com

• Autotroph vs Heterotroph (2010, November 23). In Compare Anything. Retrieved September 15, 2013, from http://www.diffen.com/difference/Autotroph_vs_Heterotroph

• Harold, F. (Photographer). (2011, January 16). DIagram of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells [Web Drawing]. Retrieved from http://schaechter.asmblog.org/schaechter/2011/01/

energetics-of-the-eukaryotic-edge.html

• Life Science | Session 2. (n.d.). Annenberg Learner - Teacher Professional Development. Retrieved September 13, 2013, from http://www.learner.org

• Protista. (n.d.). Most Popular. Retrieved September 13, 2013, from http://www.microbeworld.org

• Protista. (2012, June 11). In Microbe World. Retrieved September 15, 2013, from http://www.microbeworld.org/types-of-microbes/protista

• Protists II: Algae and Fungus-like Protists. (n.d.). FacStaff Home Page for CBU. Retrieved September 13, 2013, from http://facstaff.cbu.edu

• SparkNotes: Protista: Protozoa. (n.d.). SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides. Retrieved September 13, 2013, from http://www.sparknotes.com

• Untitled 1. (n.d.). UNM Biology Department Home Page. Retrieved September 13, 2013, from http://biology.unm.edu

• (2001). Labelled diagram of Ameoba. (Web Drawing.) . Retrieved September 11th, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.biologycorner.com/lesson-plans/phyla/kingdom-protista/

Eukaryotic
Contains a Nucleus and other organelles
Prokaryote vs.
Eukaryote

Three types domains
Archea
Eubacteria
Eukarya
Protists fall under Eukarya
General Life Cycle
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