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Fundamental Elements of Art

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Annamarie Krska

on 25 January 2015

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Transcript of Fundamental Elements of Art

Fundamental Elements of Art
SOUND
DANCE
BODY
ACTION
SPACE
TIME
ENERGY
" . . . for we are the stuff that dance is made of. It is born in our body, exists in our body and dies in our body." Walter Terry
the shape of the human form whether still or moving
FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF ART
MEDIA ARTS
IMAGE
SOUND
SPACE
TIME
MOTION
SEQUENCE
MUSIC
MELODY
RHYTHM
HARMONY
DYNAMICS
TONE
COLOR
TEXTURE
FORM
THEATER
PLOT
THEME
CHARACTER
LANGUAGE
SOUND
SPECTACLE
VISUAL ARTS
COLOR
LINE
SHAPE
VALUE
FORM
TEXTURE
SPACE
FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF VISUAL ART
TEXTURE
COLOR
SPACE
SHAPE
FORM
LINE
VALUE
http://www.incredibleart.org/files/elements.htm
http://thevirtualinstructor.com/fundamentals.html
Characteristics
WIDTH
LENGTH
DIRECTION
FOCUS
FEELING
sharp, jagged, graceful, smooth
TYPES
OUTLINE
made by the edge of an object or its silhouette
CONTOUR
describe the shape of an object and the interior detail
Gesture
energetic, catch the movement and gestures of an active figure
Sketch
capture the appearance of an object or impression of a place
CALLIGRAPHIC
Precise, elegant handwriting, lettering done by hand or artwork with flowing lines
thick, thin, tapering, uneven
long, short, continuous, broken
horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curving, perpendicular, oblique, parallel, radial, zigzag


sharp, blurry, fuzzy, choppy
not actually drawn but created by a group of objects seen from a distance
IMPLIED
the direction an object is pointing to, or the direction a person is looking at
COLOR WHEEL
PRIMARY
blue, red, yellow
SECONDARY
green, orange, purple
TERTIARY
COLOR VALUE
TINTS
adding white to a color
SHADES
adding black to a color
SCHEMES
color coordination
one color including its shades and tints
ANALOGOUS
neighbor colors on color wheel
COMPLEMENTARY
directly across from each other, strong contrast
TRIADS
Equal spaced from each other
SPLIT COMPLEMENTARY
color and its complementary closest analogous colors
red-purple, red-orange, blue-green, yellow-green, blue-purple, and yellow-orange
MONOCHROMATIC
WARM
association to warm things
COOL
colors associated with cool things
Rough
SMOOTH
MATTE
GLOSSY
how it feels or looks like it feels
REAL TEXTURE
3D - collage, sculpture, impasto
IMPLIED
TEXTURE
2D, illusion of texture
the range of lightness and darkness
SHADE
Shadow
Value Contrast
Value Scale
HIGH KEY
Highlight
light source
TINT
adding white to make lighter values
area where light is coming from
areas where light is hitting
all light values
light values placed next to dark values to create contrast or strong differences
Low key
all dark values
areas
with
no light
adding black to create dark values
emptiness or area between, around, above, below, or within objects
Positive Space
shapes of forms of interest
Negative Space
the empty space between forms and shapes
COMPOSITION
organization and placement of elements in frame
Illusion
of form
- image with a range of value
of depth
- 2D looks like 3D
PERSPECTIVE
system that creates illusion of depth
point of view
angle at which you view an object
OVERLAPPING
one object covers part of second object; first seems closer
SIZE
larger objects appear closer than smaller ones
PLACEMENT
object low in frame appears closer than near eye level
DETAIL
objects with sharp and visible details look closer
COLOR
brightly colored objects seem closer than dull ones
focal point
point or area that attracts attention first
2D area defined when one line crosses itself or intersects another line to enclose a space
GEOMETIC
Circle, square, triangle, oval, rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, pentagon, pentagram, hexagon, and octagon
precise shapes that can be described using mathematical formulas; manufacture products
ORGANIC/ FREEFORM
irregular and uneven; free-flowing curved,angular, combination; occurs in nature
POSITIVE/ NEGATIVE
positive shapes are solid forms; negative shapes is the sapce around a positive shape
STATIC
appear stable and resting
DYNAMIC
appear to be moving
the illusion of a 3D shape or object
highlight
where light hits object directly
midtone
middle value of a local color of an object
reflected highlight
area reflecting light off of surrounding objects

cast shadow
shading on nearby objects caused by blocked light
core shadow
shading on object
REFLECTED LIGHT
REFERENCES/Resources
define shape, contours, and outline; suggests mass and volume
http://www.studentartguide.com/articles/line-drawings
Full transcript