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Transcript of Poetry Vocabulary
QUATRAIN: 4 line stanza QUINTET: 5 line stanza
SESTET: 5 line stanza SEPTET: 7 line stanza
OCTAVE: 8 line stanza poetry: a type of literature (writing) that express ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form poet: the author (writer) of the poem End Rhyme: a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line Internal Rhyme: a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line
Ex. Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary. Alliteration: consonant sounds repeated at the beginning of words Consonance: similar to alliteration except, the repeated consonant sound can be anywhere in the word EX. "silken, sad, uncertain, rustling...." Lyric: a short poem usually in first person, expression, emotion, or an idea, don't tell a story and often are musical Haiku: a japanese poem written in 3 lines 5 syllables, 7 syllables, 5 syllables about nature Poetry Vocabulary speaker: poem is the "narrator" of the poem Line: a group of words together on one line of the poem Rhythm: beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem, rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, & alliteration Free Verse: is very conversational sounds like someone is talking to you, a more modern type of poetry Rhyme: words sounds alike because they share the same ordering vowel a consonant sounds Rhyme Scheme: is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always) Onomatopoeia: words that imitate the sound they are naming Assonance: repeated vowel sounds in a line or lines or poetry
Lake Fate Base Fade
(long a sound) Cinquain: a 5 line poem containing 22 syllables 2 syllables, 4 syllables, 6 syllables, 8 syllables, 2 syllables Narrative Story: tells a story generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry b/c the poet needs establish characters and a plot 5 stages of plot Simile: a comparison of 2 things using like, as, than, or resembles "she is as beautiful as a sunrise" Metaphor: a direct comparison of 2 unlike things "All the words a stage, and we are merely players," -
William Shakespeare Implied Metaphor:the comparison is hinted but not clearly stated Hyperbole: exaggeration often used for emphasis Form: the appearance of the words on the page Idiom: an expression where the literal meaning of words is not the meaning of the expression
it means something other than what it actually says
says something but means something else Personification: an animal given human-like qualities or an object given life-like qualities Symbolism: when a person, place, thing or event that has meaning in itself also represents or stands for something else Imagery: language that appeals to the senses Parody: making fun of the author's style Acrostic: word puzzle (or verse) in which the first, middle, or last letters of each line spell a word or words Ballad: a folk song or orally transmitted poem telling in a direct and dramatic manner Sonnet: a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes Diamante: is a poem in the shape of a diamond, each line uses specific types of words, like adjectives and -ing words, it does not need to have rhyme Sensory: of or relating to sensation or the physical senses; transmitted or perceived by thr senses "sensory input" Refrain: a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem Extended Metaphor: a metaphor that goes several lines or possible the entire length of a work Litotes: basically the opposite of hyperbole, often it is ironic Allusion: is a reference to something famous Concrete Poem: the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem