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Common Core Standards in a Social Studies Classroom
Transcript of Common Core Standards in a Social Studies Classroom
Common Core Standards in a Social Studies Classroom
Amy Funck, Erin Tansey, and Andrea Tarashuk
The presentation will discuss how Social Studies NJCCCS compliment the National ELA Standards. Since No Child Left Behind, more and more focus has been placed on National Standards. However, creating Social Studies standards is difficult because of the subjective nature of history. In a time of increasing emphasis on the tested subjects, teachers face the challenge of maintaining the value and importance of Social Studies classes. We will explore the national and state Social Studies standards and how the Social Studies field can contribute to national goals through proliferation of the ELA national standards.
Why is Social Studies not a Nationally Tested Subject?
Subjective teaching due to regional biases towards history
i.e. Were the Confederate States fighting for slavery or states' rights?
Examples of National Common Core Social Studies Standards Teachers Have to Cover in the Classroom (High School Level)
Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among the key details and ideas.
Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources.
Analyze in detail how a complex primary source is structured, including how key sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text contribute to the whole.
History itself is subjective;
(Greek) narrative; one's own account.
What are National Core Standards for Education?
Three standards provide the foundation...
- 6.1 US History: America in the World
- 6.2 World History/Global Studies
- 6.3 Active Citizenship in the 21st Century
Then, four strands within each standard go into further detail...
- (A) Civics, Government and Human Rights
- (B) Geography, People and the Environment
- (C) Economics, Innovation and Technology
- (D) History, Culture and Perspectives
Standards are organized using benchmarks 4th, 8th and 12th grade
Standards also include CPI (Cumulative Progress Indicator) so teachers do not end up re-teaching concepts/skills
Incorporating ELA skills into SS Activities
Finally, some standards include a number indicating the era the subject applies to
Examples of NJ Standards
As we can see, many of the Social
Studies state standards tie into national ELA
standards. Social Studies is not nationally tested, therefore as teachers, we have to better students by working toward ELA standards. Using sources, determining
central ideas, and analyzing text are all
part of the English Language Arts area of
learning. What are some activities in Social
Studies classes that include ELA skills?
Examining Primary Documents
6.3.8.A.1- Deliberate on a public issue affecting an upcoming election, consider opposing arguments, and develop a reasoned conclusion
6.1.12.C.2.a- Analyze the problems of financing the American Revolutionary War and dealing with wartime inflation and profiteering
6.2.12.D.5.c- Assess the influence of television, the internet, and other forms of electronic communication on the creation and diffusion of cultural and political information, worldwide
Using Related Arts teachers to do mini lessons on the culture of the era being studied
Writing essays and papers using textual evidence
When writing papers and essays regarding Social Studies, students will include specific quotes, passages, and ideas from primary and secondary sources
Papers will include an introduction, thesis statement, supporting evidence, and a conclusion
Write argumentative papers, research papers are not innovative in history unless at the collegiate level. Research papers are appropriate for upper-level sociology themed projects within Social Studies
Close readings of primary and secondary sources.
Instead of saying, "These are the Federalist Papers"
break down specific important sentences.
Incorporate literature into the curriculum, like read
Red Badge of Courage during the Civil War unit
NJ has its own standards for Social Studies, as does every other state. NJCCCS 2012
Social studies education provides learners with the knowledge, skills, and perspectives needed to become active, informed citizens and contributing members of local, state, national, and global communities in the digital age.
The Threat to SS Education
How Can We Make Ourselves More Marketable as SS Teachers?
Acknowledge the importance of the ELA standards in the instruction and understanding of Social Studies.
Recognize that we will need to focus on the national standards in our instruction and willingly accept their inclusion.
Develop methods of ELA incorporation
Instruction Time Lost
Fewer Classes and Teachers
Lack of Upper-Level Critical Thinking
- A 2011 study by the Thomas Fordham Institute discovered that the average amount of instructional time devoted to SS in a year in public schools has decreased by an average of 18 hours (Brasof)
- Consequently, students now spend three-and-a-half times as many hours in English and math classes
- Schools that have repeatedly done poorly on tested subjects opt to decrease SS classes or get rid of them all together to allow more time for test prep
- Many prospective teachers become hesitant to enter the Social Studies field because of the decreasing job prospects
- Decreasing instruction time prevents students from understanding historical concepts that are necessary for active roles in society (i.e. cause and effect relationships, conceptualization of government, historical inquiry and research)
Brasof, Mark. "What Future Can Social Studies Education Have Under the Common Core?" thenotebook. Nov 15, 20112. http://thenotebook.org/blog/125326/what-future-can-social-studies-education-have-under-common-core.
English Language Arts Standards- History/Social Studies. Common Core State Standards Initiative. 2012. http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RH/9-10.
New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards for Social Studies. http://www.state.nj.us/education/cccs/standards/6/6.pdf
The Importance of Collaboration
The Legality of SS and ELA Integration
NJ State certification for SS teachers does not require English classes. Yet, SS teachers must meet ELA national standards under the RH strand.
Potential Trouble: curricula and national standards exist to avoid 'gaps' in education, however
that any SS teacher can meet all ELA-RH standards could result in these gaps.
In order to prepare ourselves for the incorporation of ELA, we need to seek the advice of English teachers.
Collaboration and curriculum mapping can make activity planning easier and quicker.
In addition, it provides a network of support and resources for SS teachers to go to in times of uncertainty in ELA
standards and instruction
Collaboration is key!
Q: As Social Studies teachers, how can we be prepared to teach something outside of our content area?
Q: What is the legality of a district depending on a non-ELA certified teacher to meet national ELA standards?
These issues will inevitably be dealt with in the Department of Education or the court system and could lead to another overhaul in certification requirements.
In a time where the emphasis is on
math and language arts, with science
not far behind, the field of social studies and its teachers must fight to remain a credible area of curriculum. We can meet this challenge by incorporating ELA standards into our classrooms, curriculum mapping with other teachers, and reaching the critical thinking level of understanding with our students.
"But I don't see any Social Studies standards... there must not be any..."
YES! they are under ELA! ---->