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Natural Law

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Bhajneek Sodhi

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Natural Law

Natural Law
by: Bhajneek, Maazin and Justin
What is Natural Law
e.g. the right to life
A body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for all human conduct.

Voltaire
what is democracy?
Grew up prior to French Revolution
wanted social reform
wanted humanity to evolve quickly

Believed in freeing humanity
Does Democracy= Freedom?
Monarchy= allow for better world
Our Problem with Voltaire
Too much of an extremist
all examples= bad results
Michael De Montaigne
Born during the French renaissance era
views based on age of exploration
1533- 1592
analyzed life as whole
studied skepticism
& naturalism
famous essay: Montaigne wheel
laws are based on particular society
when society evolves,
law evolves
Denis Diderot
1713- 1784
Feared that Church had ability to alter history & was too powerful

disapproved
economic system
Wrote encyclopedias to stop ignorance on topics such as
education, poverty and slavery
He was able to achieve the following goals:
1) Reach a large percentage of the public
2) To promote further research on various other topics
3) publish secrets of manufacturing goods
If man fails to follow basic
religious principles
Don't we promote primal/ instinctual desire

David Hume
1711- 1776
what makes citizens
listen to government
what makes government
listen to citizens
Linked
Age of Reason
1) Citizens have
natural right to
revolt
Hume's poli
tical theory
2) Laws restrict future generations who did not agree with former rules
Law should be constantly changing
If Law constantly changes
Taking up more time/effort
Law becomes confusing/repetitive
harder to enforce
Voltaire on Law:
1) Punishments should help society
2) Church should not be able to make law
3) taxes should be payed depending on the resources purchased


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