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Ovarian Cancer

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tatiana Gonzalez

on 1 August 2014

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Transcript of Ovarian Cancer

What Is
Cancer?

Ovarian Cancer
Cancer is a disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in parts of the body.
Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by out-of-control cell growth. There are over 100 different types of cancers, and each is classified by the type of cell that is initially affected.
Cancer harms the body when damaged cells divide uncontrollably to form large masses of tissue called tumors.
What is
Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer is the growth of abnormal malignant cells that begin in the ovaries.
1)
Epithelial Tumors
- They start from the cells that cover the outer surface of the ovary.
4 Types of Ovarian Cancer:
2)
Benign Epithelial Tumors
- These tumors are noncancerous, they don’t spread and are not that serious.

Alanna Davis
Taylor Chavis
Kedrick Tegue
Dymon Wilson
Tatiana Gonzalez
Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems.
3)
Tumors of Low Malignant Potential
- Affects women at a younger age; Less life threatening.
4)
Malignant Epithelial Ovarian Tumors-
Are most common. This type of cancer can also be divided into different types.
Symptoms
Ovarian cancer symptoms are often vague. Mostly, by the time ovarian cancer is diagnosed, the tumor has spread beyond the ovaries.
Some symptoms of
ovarian cancer are:
Pelvic or abdominal pain
Difficulty eating or feeling full quickly
Urinary symptoms
Abdominal swelling
Bloating
Constipation
Fatigue
The ovaries are tiny organs
buried deep within the abdomen,
making the symptoms difficult to detect.
Risks
Women with relatives who have or had colon cancer, prostate cancer, or uterine cancer are at high risk of ovarian cancer.
Women who have had their fallopian tubes tied are estimated to have a 67% lower risk of ovarian cancer.
Women who have never become pregnant have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer compared to women who have became pregnant. The more times a woman has become pregnant the lower her risk is.
Women who have never been on the contraceptive pill have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer compared to women who have. Taking the Pill for 15 years halves the risk of ovarian cancer,a study by the Collaborative Group on Epidemiological Studies of Ovarian Cancer found.
Women who started their periods at an early age or at a later than average have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.
Women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.
Treatment
Ovarian cancer can be treated with one or multiple forms of treatment. Treatment options all depend on the type and stage of cancer, possible side effects, the patients overall health, and also the woman’s age and if she plans on having children. There are multiple ways to treat ovarian cancer.
The most common treatments are…
Surgery which may consist of removing the ovaries or the uterus and maybe even more organs depending on how far the cancer has spread.
A Hysterectomy which focuses on the removal of a woman’s uterus and, if necessary, surrounding tissue. If only the uterus is removed, it is called a partial hysterectomy. A total hysterectomy is when a woman’s uterus and cervix are removed.
The most effective form of treatment is debulking surgery. (surgical removal of the tumor which may increase the effectiveness of radiation or chemotherapy).
Another form of treatment is radiation therapy which is the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to kill cancer cells.
Statistics
In Ingham County:
Annual Incidence Rate= 13.1
Average Annual Count= 18
Sources
www.healthandenvironment.org/ovarian_cancer
www.ovariancancer.org/about/statistics/
www.ocrf.org/news/2014-ovarian0-cancer-statistics
www.cancer.org
www.seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/ovary/
www.michigan.gov
www.statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov
www.cdc.gov
www.mioca.org
In United States:
New Cases: 19,959
Deaths: 14,572
Ovarian cancer ranks the 5th most common cause of cancer-related death in women.
About half of the women who are diagnosed with ovarian cancer are 63 years or older
A higher percentage of postmenopausal women develop ovarian cancer compared to premenopausal women.
Survival rates for black women are lower, scientists have found evidence suggesting that it is because of CAG repeats in the androgen receptor (AR) gene and anthropometric characteristics. But researchers have not been able to confirm it.
Michigan Ovarian
Cancer Alliance
The Michigan Ovarian Cancer Alliance (MIOCA) promotes saving women's lives through the early detection of ovarian cancer and improved treatment outcomes.
MIOCA serves the public by educating both women and healthcare professionals to better recognize ovarian cancer symptoms to help save lives through earlier detection
MIOCA serves survivors and their families by providing information, resources and support services as well as advocating for increased research and access to care.
MIOCA is non-profit and operated entirely by volunteers. No financial resources are spent on staff or overhead. Which means that all the money goes to their overall mission of finding better ways of treatment and helping those with ovarian cancer and their families.
Famous People Who
Died of Ovarian Cancer
Coretta Scott King - Civil Rights Activist
Madeline Kahn -Comedian, Actress, Voice Actress, Singer
Tomoko Kawakami-
Voice Actress
Susan Fleetwood-
Actress
Clarice Lispector-
Journalist, Writer
Questions
1) What is cancer?

2) How many types of ovarian cancer are there?

3) What does MIOCA stand for?

4)Can men get ovarian cancer?

5) What is one thing that puts you at a higher risk for ovarian cancer?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ka4QUURJotE

Ovarian Cancer Survival Rate
Full transcript