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The Origin of Fairytales

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Emily Hagenburger

on 25 February 2014

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Transcript of The Origin of Fairytales

Fairy Tales as a Cultural Rhetoric
Fairy Tales Today
Obviously still a pervasive part of our culture- these stories have lasted hundreds of years -Why?
catchy
timeless
moralizing (Why Fairy Tales Stick)
The difference is that today we see them as children's tales
We're used to fairy tales in the bedtime story or Disney movie sense - very different from their original versions but still keeping the same basic story

Example 1: Cinderella
Becoming Children's Literature
What led to the change from adult stories to a genre mostly directed towards children?
manipulation
didacticism
Instill children with the correct virtues - Fairy tales could give examples of the good being rewarded and the wicked being punished
(Fairy Tales and the Art of Subversion)
Conclusion
Fairy tales still seen very often in culture today, ex.:
Once Upon a Time
popularity of Disney
influence on other children's literature
These stories have been reshaped so many different times in order to appeal to the specific audience they're going for
Disney movies
Adult fairy tale versions such as Anne Sexton's
Reflect the time and cultures they're made/written in
'30s Snow White vs. today's heroines - ex. Rapunzel
Morality depends on audience as well
didactic lessons for kids
examples of correct female behavior


The Origin of Fairy Tales
Impossible to determine the date of the first fairy tale as they were at first passed on orally, but:
The 1st literary collections of fairy tales were Italians Straparola (1550) and Basile (1634)
Perrault, drawing from Italian versions but marketing the stories towards French aristocracy, published his versions in the late 1600s
The German Brothers Grimm, during the Romantic period of the 1800s, printed their rewritten versions of the stories which then spread to England
At this time, fairy tales were written by adults, for adults
(Billone; The Great Fairy Tale Tradition)
Disney vs. Basile
super sweet & selfless vs. ruthless & conniving
kills the evil stepmother
Stepsisters mean and ugly but don't maim themselves to get the prince
cut off parts of their feet so they fit into Cinderella's shoe
also are blinded by pigeons for their "wickedness"
Disney vs. Grimm
only version that has the glass slipper and the fairy godmother
Disney vs. Perrault
Citations
Dr. Billone, Amy. University of Tennessee. Humanities and Social Sciences Building, Room 60, Knoxville, TN. 13 September 2013. Lecture for English 339.
Zipes, Jack. The Great Fairy Tale Tradition: From Straparola and Basile to the Brothers Grimm. 1st Ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2001. Print.
Images - http://s153.photobucket.com/user/Cuddles4_2007/media/Cinerdellasingingtothebirds.jpg.html, http://www.fanpop.com/clubs/cinderella/images/18561379/title/stepsisters-photo, http://blog.northjersey.com/shoptalk/2176/christian-louboutin-designing-cinderella-glass-slipper/
Full transcript