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Intro to Geography

Manara Academy - 6th Grade Social Studies
by

Jerry Lubos

on 10 September 2015

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Transcript of Intro to Geography

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
6th grade Social Studies
Intro to Geography
Geography asks the oldest questions about WHERE WE LIVE AND WHY:
Where am I?
How do I get there?
What is on the other side?
Where do we come from?
Is there anybody else there?
Who or what put this universe together?
What exactly is
Geography?
History
Why Geography?
International politics
World economies
Beliefs & religions
Philosophy
World Cultures!
The Physical World
The Human
(Cultural) World
Globes
Maps!
Mr. Lubos
Types of maps
Welcome to planet Earth!
"Geo/ge" means earth, "graphy" means writing or field of study
Geography then is the
science/study of the earth's physical features and human activities
Earth's atmosphere
Earth's geologic history
Geology is the study of the Earth's physical structure and history
Its outer shell (crust) is broken into huge pieces called plates
It rides slowly on moving molten rock (magma) that lies beneath the crust
These moving plates continue to collide and move apart
The Supercontinent Theory states that all the continents were once together. Pangaea (240 m.y.o) is Greek for "all lands"

***Keep in mind that Earth is estimated to be 4.54 BILLION years old!***
Studying Earth from afar
A hemisphere is a HALF of a sphere, or earth
Divided into North or South, or Western and Eastern
We use imaginary lines including the EQUATOR and the PRIME MERIDIAN
What TOOLS do we use to study geography?
Satellites
World's largest globe named "Eartha" in Yartmouth, Maine
Sheikh Hamad bin-Hamdan Al Nayhan and his huge jeep
International Space Station
So you want to read a map?
Facebook use all over the world
Large map in Apache Junction, Arizona!
What if we flipped north & south?
Let's understand the functions:
gives us a graphic (visual) understanding of the world around us
it tells a story about physical and human systems, places and regions, patterns and relationships
A physical model of the Earth
A celestial body placed in orbit of the earth to collect information or to communicate
What are map projections?
Flat maps are more convenient but transferring a curved surface to a flat piece of paper (projection) can be tricky
Types of projections involve distortion of area, distance, direction, or shape
LEARNING TARGETS:
I can identify and locate major physical and human geographic features
I can compare various world regions and countries using data from geographic tools
Reading maps 101
Step 1:
Know your bearings! (North)
Master cardinal and intermediate directions
Compass Rose
Step 2:
Be aware of a map's scale!
shows what the distance on Earth is represented by a given length on a map
It can be graphic (bar), verbal, or a ratio
A
cartographer
is a person who creates maps
Step 4:
Be aware of the GLOBAL GRID - an imaginary system of lines (it helps us locate particular points on the surface)
We use lines of latitude & longitude to determine absolute location
Step 3:
symbols on a MAP KEY or LEGEND tell us more about the places represented on the map
POINTS indicate locations and LINES indicate boundaries
pay attention to colors and patterns!
Physical maps
Political maps
identifies natural features
Thematic maps
shows how people divided the world into countries using borders
shows distributions and patterns
Some inaccuracies in this video so get the gist!
The Dead Sea in Jordan
The Pyrenees Mountains in France
The Grand Canyon in North America
Deadvlei in Namibia
Mana Island in Fiji
Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia
Horseshoe Falls in Tasmania, Australia
The Huli people of Papa New Guinea
Guachos of the Pampas (grasslands) in South America
The Ladakhi (land of the passes) located between Jammu and Kashmir (southern Asia) and divided into the Muslim Kargil and Buddhist Leh districts
Charles Bridge in Prague, Czech Republic
The Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey
Tegalalang rice terrace in Bali, Indonesia
Dongchuan (Red Land) province in northern China
Buddhist monks in front of Angkor Wat, Cambodia
Flat representations of the earth
Study of the earth's surface
related to weather, climate, and natural resources
Study of people and how we interact with the Earth
How different cultures use Earth's resources
% of population who have access to internet
Full transcript