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Nepal Earthquake - Case Study
Transcript of Nepal Earthquake - Case Study
Geography - Mrs Allen.
Angelica, Eloise and James
Where is Nepal located?
It sits on the boundary of two massive tectonic plates – the Indo-Australian and Asian plates, that's why these earthquakes are quite common. It is the collision of these plates that has produced the Himalaya Mountains, and with them, earthquakes.
What are the causes?
Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia
With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 27 million
It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India.
Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest metropolis.
The April 25 quake measured 7.8 on the moment magnitude scale, the largest since the 1934 Bihar quake, which measured 8.2 and killed around 10,000 people. Another quake in Kashmir in 2005, measuring 7.6, killed around 80,000 people.
The 2 Earthquakes in Nepal
What happens later on
What happens immediately
Many people lost friends and families.
Many people lost their job
Some people got severely injured.
Lost houses due to avalanche from Mount Everest
Money donated from NGOs and charities. e.g save the children, Oxfam, etc.
Rebuilding damaged buildings
Rescue troops from all around the world
Shelters/ refugee camps - for the homeless
Many buildings collapsed
Lots of building are in need of repairing, which is expensive.
The damage to transport and communication links can make trade difficult.
A week after the earthquake, the number of people injured got up to 14,00
Disease may spread. People may have to be re-housed, sometimes in refugee camps.
The cost of rebuilding a settlement is high. Investment in the area may be focused only on repairing the damage caused by the earthquake. Income could be lost.
Responses - Help from the UK
Coordinated by the Department for International Development, the United Kingdom government provided 30 tonnes of humanitarian aid and 8 tonnes of equipment. This formed part of a £23 million ($36 million) aid package, the largest bilateral aid contribution to Nepal, including around 100 search and rescue responders, medical experts, and disaster and rescue experts. Three Chinook helicopters, were transported to the region but returned unused by the Nepali government due to concerns about large helicopters blowing the roofs off houses.
An appeal by the Disasters Emergency Committee, an umbrella group for 13 UK charities, raised £50 million ($79 million) in donations from the UK public.
This is an LEDC
Important natural and human landmarks may be lost.