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Psychoanalytic Timeline in the UK
Transcript of Psychoanalytic Timeline in the UK
Dr Jay Watts
Consultant Clinical Psychologist/Psychotherapist/Academic/@Shrink_at_Large
1880s Anna O and Breuer, Hysteria, hypnosis, Charcot.
1890s ten years of "splendid isolation" after Breuer
1895 ‘The Project for a Scientific Psychology’ published. Focus on the Oedipal, language and drives
1901 British Psychological Society established
1902 Freud’s Psychological Wednesday Society (Stekel, Adler, Kahane and Reitler)
1908 First Congress for Freudian Psychology - renamed the International Psychoanalytic Association in 1910. Jung resigned from IPA, and the Zurich Society withdrew relabelling what they did ‘analytic psychology’. That was the end of the tie.
1914 Jung and Freud’s relationship has broken down. War neurosis and shell shock.
1919 British Psychoanalytic Council established - egalitarian.
The 20s to the Early 40s
1920s Focusing on mothering as opposed to paternal authority.
Watson's Behavioual Therapy.
1921 Moreno organises ‘Theate of Spontaneity’ in Vienna - here starts Psychodrama. Rorsach Tests.
1925 Strachey meets Klein in Berlin and invites her to speak
1927 Anna Freud publishes first book. Klein attacks Anna Freud’s book.
30s Winnicottian ideas of child rearing become very important in the war.
1938 War mean the Freuds and Klein were together in the same society.
1941 Atmosphere dreadful. Agreement to hold ‘The Controversial Discussions’. Klein almost kicked out of IPA.
A Group - original british and the Kleinians. More on phantasy.
B Group - initially called the Anna Freudians (later the Contemporary Freudians). More on strenghtening the ego.
Original British members called the “non-aligned’ or “middle group” (later changed to ‘The Group of Independents’). Basically the Winnicottians. More on experience.
BPS starts to emphasise 'man machne' studies
From the 60s to the 80s
1960s Cognitive Therapies start
1961 The Pill made available
1962 Lacan expelled from the IPA
1965 Philadelphia Association started by R.D.Laing and Joseph Berke
1970 Establishment of Arbours Community, and therapeutic community. Behavioural Assessments become prominent.
1971 Foulkes instrumental in starting up Institute for Group Analysis
1972 First CT scan
1973 Homosexuality removed from DSM
1980 First MRI scan. Shift to DSM-III
1982 Association for Play Therapy started
From the 90s to Now
1990 NHS and Community Care Act - health authorites buy own budget --> 1991 NHS Trusts established.
1990s False memory arguments really kick off - Loftus and Ofshe’s work
1992 World Association of Psychoanalysis established
1993 UKCP is established containing 70 member organisations placed into sections including the CPJA - Council for Psychoanalysis and Jungian Analysis
2002 Primary Care Trusts established. 04 Foundation trusts. NICE.
2009-11 Improving Access to Psychological Therapies rolled out.
00s Mentalisation movement kicks off, linked to Ego Psychology. Don’t interpret the transference versus a movement to increasingly seeing interpreting the transference as gold star.
10s BPC incorporates more Member Organisations to solidify under attack. Launch of position statement on homosexuality (2011).
From 1880s to 1920
From the 40s to the 50s
1942 Foulkes (later more IGA) and Bion (later more Tavi) posted to Military Neurosis Centre at Northfield and begins to develop group analysis
1946 National Health Service Act saw beginning of the NHS
1948 NHS is born
1949 Boulder conference to professionalize clinical psychology
1951 Foulkes starts Group Analytic Society
1952 Prescription charges started. First DSM.
1953 DNA Structure revealed
1954 Daily hospital visits allowed for kids
1955 Klein publishes the ‘The Psychoanalytic Play Technique’
460-379 BC Hippocrates - mania, melancholia and the humours
1403 Establishment of Bedlam
1621 Burton publishes 'The Anatomy of Melancholy'
1793 Pinel - Treatment of Asylum Inmates
1820 Gall - Getting your head read
1879 Wilhelm Wundt - First Psych lab
1890 William James - The Principles of Psychology
1950s Three groups now quite independent, Skinner and Pavlov's Learning Theory becomes prominent.
Before we look at current services and training in the UK:
- what differences are there between the UK and the USA
- does psychoanalysis have a role in clinical psychology today
- what would you want an clinical psychology to provide for you or your loved ones