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Stephanie P

on 6 January 2014

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Transcript of Cocaine

Substance Abuse Project - Cocaine
-White powder derived from the coca plant
-Production of cocaine involves extracting the drug compound from the leaf
-Strong stimulant drug, illegal and expensive
-Name comes from "coca" and the alkaloid suffix "-ine", forming "cocaine"
-Alkaloid is a class of naturally occurring organic nitrogen-containing bases or drug bases
-Gives a feeling of euphoria (excitement) and invincibility
-The pleasurable feeling makes users want the drug more causing drug abuse and addiction
How is Cocaine Consumed?
-By snorting / sniffing the powder through a rolled up paper or straw
-Rubbed inside the mouth
-When mixed with water, injecting the liquid
-The leaf used to be chewed to make people feel strong and energetic as it numbed pain
-Smoked with a special pipe or in a rock form referred to as crack
-Crack is a form of cocaine that is crystallized into small lumps or "rocks"
-Heated so the fumes can be breathed in or smoked
-Crack gives a "rush" of energy and confidence
Who is the Primary Consumer of Cocaine/Why People try Cocaine
What Happens in the Body
-Cocaine is a stimulant that triggers the reward system in the brain
-Dopamine is a chemical messenger that transmits signals to the brain and is responsible for pleasurable feelings
-Cocaine locks in dopamine and serotonin for increased confidence and locks nor epinephrine for energy to create a build-up of confidence and energy which is what maintains that pleasurable high
-The brain becomes accustomed to the elevated levels of dopamine that it produces more receptors tricking the brain to want more drugs, basically rewiring your brain to become addicted
Different Uses/ History of Cocaine
-Cocaine is a recreational drug and is used for pleasure
-Once was used in the medical industry to numb
-Spanish sailors who conquered South America in 1500's brought coca leaves to Europe
-People realized the drug was dangerous at the end of 1800s
-Been grown for thousands of years in South America such as Columbia, Brazil, and Venezuela and used to fight exhaustion and hunger
-Most farmers grow coca plants because they earn more money for growing coca plants than other crops
Where to get the drug?
-Cocaine is purchased illegally from 'dealers' or 'pushers'
-Cocaine is transported from South America to North America and Europe (drug smuggling)
-If caught buying or selling punishment can be fines or prison, for minors juvenile facility and criminal record
Side Effects
-Increased heart rate (30-50%) -Body's blood vessels tighten increasing blood pressure (10-20%)
-Body temperature increases -Increased brain activity to feel more alert and awake
-Loss of appetite
-Increased rate of breathing -Respiratory issues -Dilated pupils
-Bizarre, erratic, or violent behavior
-Hallucinations, hyper excitability, or irritability
-Intense euphoria
-Anxiety and paranoia
-Muscle twitches
-Headaches and fever
-Loss of smell, nosebleeds, irritation to nasal area
-Throat and swallowing problems and voice hoarseness
Negative Impacts on Health
-Brain hemorrhage (a burst blood vessel in the brain)
-Insomnia (disturbed sleep patterns)
-Strokes, comas and headaches
-Weight loss, malnourishment
-It's highly addictive, crave the drug
-It's a powerful central nervous system stimulant controlling emotions and feelings
-Withdrawal symptoms: fatigue, inability to feel pleasure, difficulty concentrating, and depression
-Overdose can cause fits, seizures, heart failure and even death
What is Cocaine
-Generally people aged 15-64 use cocaine -According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, adults aged 18 to 25 use cocaine more than any other group and men use cocaine more than women
-Since it's a very expensive drug celebrities and rich people use it
-Taking cocaine is seen as 'fashionable' and 'trendy'
-People try drugs due to pressures or stress from school, work, family, and peers
-They want to experience the 'feeling', to have a good time, to escape violence, abuse, depression or loneliness
-Others may be exposed to drugs by family or those they look up to like celebrities
By: Stephanie Perri
Full transcript