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Introduction to Sociology

Example of using prezi's zooming functionality to talk about various inclusive concepts. (Matter - Molecule - Element etc)
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David Salzer

on 5 September 2012

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Transcript of Introduction to Sociology

Sociology subatomic particle isn't this where
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don't remember.. WhoWhere/When/Why? Social Fact Provides General Enlightenment Identifies social problems.

Provides solutions. Material &Non Material Intangible &
More Profound
(Golf) Social Actors Men Women Study Of Society and Social
Behavior Application Answers... False: National School Safety Center study. False... False... Homework... Why do drug dealers live with their mothers? With crime rates soaring in
the 70s and 80s, why did
they drop dramatically in the 90s? Use Sociological persective and imagination
to answer the questions. True/False...
More students are killed
in school shootings today
than 10-15 years ago. True/False...
It is more dangerous to walk in
front of topless bars than
fastfood restaurants. True/False
Most people on welfare are lazy and
looking for a handout...they could work
if they wanted to. Atom subatomic particle isn't this where
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don't remember.. How did culture get here? Internalization >Children are raised with
that social object
>Knowledge of phenomenon with experience of it How many of you knew who Richard Reed was?
How many 3rd graders are going to remember
Umar Farouk Abdulmtallab? 2. Objectivation >Agreement becomes social object
>Law or moral is developed 1.Externternalization >Any shared social experience
>Shared opinion of a phenomenon
>Agreement of social experience Example... How do sociologist study culture? Cultural Universals Language Values Norms Cultural Relativism Attempt to understand a culture without judging elements as superior or inferior >Impossible to be entirely successful Ethnocentrism Belief that one’s own culture & group is superior Culture Theories Symbolic Interaction (Micro) society is a product
of every day intactions of individuals World of SYMBOLS Conflict (Macro) Focus on the negative aspects of society... Functionalism (Macro) Manifest Function Latent Function Dsyfunctions Founding Fathers Max Weber Focus on groups within
society Verstehen Herbert Spencer Applied Charles Darwins theory
of survival of the fittest to society Auguste Comte Father of Sociology Foundations Society Social Movements Revolutionary Reform/Regressive Collective Behavior Localized Behavior Crowds Riots/Mobs Mass Behavior Rumor Fashion/Fad Panic/Hysteria subatomic particle isn't this where
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don't remember.. Outside the Social Structure isn't this where
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don't remember.. Status Master Ascribed Achieved Roles Role Ambiguity Role Conflict Role Strain Components of Social Sturcture Introduction to Sociology How people interact Seeks to understand Test Date: Friday September 28, 2012 Challenge of
Misconseptions Tangible & Apparent
(Pregnancy) Analysis of a social fact (more men hold management positions
than women dispite equal opportunities) And influence one another How do we ask these questions
and solve these problems? What is Sociology? Quiz... Media and Headlines would have
us believe otherwise Private Security 80% are too young, old, or worked
at least half the year Sociological Perspective/Imagination Looking beyond commonly held beliefs to the hidden meaning of human action Seeing the connection between the larger world and our personal lives. (Henslin, 2008) Radical Revolutions Encouraged curiousity of social life and human interaction Industrial Political Scientific Coined the term "Sociology" Beleived sociology would become a religion He would be the god. Social Darwinism Embraced by the rich, granting credibility
Why? Karl Marx World can be understood through economics History of class struggles Hated sociology and did not consider himself one Catholics Protestants Understanding feelings and motivation of human behavior Emile Durkheim Conducted first sociological experiment Concluded there are four types of suicide based on social factors Altruistic Fatalistic Egoistic Anomic self sacrafice Radical Muslims, Japanese WWII Miserable situation, no hope slaves Socially isolated, unconstrained
by social norms/goals unmarried, murder suicide, etc Conflict with change societal and individual goals conflicting True/False...
The rate of suicide is higher in California
than it is in Minnesota. Society is composed of structures
Every structure has a function Recognized and intended function Unrecognized and unitended consequences that are positive Unrecognized and unitended negative consequences Application Identify the manifest, latent, and
dysfunctions of school Opposite of functionalism Conflict will lead to change Poverty Drug Use Race Prisons Aborotion Education Society is an arena of inequality, that generates conflict ethnicity gender sexual orientation link to society's unequal distribution of
money,power, education, and prestige Macro Micro Broad focus on social structures
shaping society as a whole close up focus on social interaction in
specific situations Interested in the way individuals act toward, respond, and influence one another How do we act, respond, and influence each other? How does society result from the experiences of billions of people? Societies essence is found in the nature of the symbols by which members communicate Anything that stands for something else
& members of society agree on that meaning Mead's Theory of Development of Self
(Micro) Not born with a mind
Developed over three statges Imitative
Infant & very early childhood
Aware of its own existence
Imitation of symbols with no attached meaning Play
Attach meaning to symbols
Shows significant development
Ability to anticipate behavior &
be aware of expectations
(Dogs are at this level) Game
Expert at symbolic communication
Aware of broad social expectations
Fully developed human mid Looking Glass Self (Micro) C.H. Cooley Who/How you are is based on how you think others see you
3 Stages 1. take people surrounding you,
objectively view/assess yourself 2. imagine their judgement of you
(good/bad) 3. determine if you appear the way you want
(change depending on how you think you appear) Goffman's Dramaturgy Theory When you are in the persence of others,
you are simply acting Growing up is learning how to act There is no self, self arises from the situation
You are a collection of characters you play Exchang Theory George Homans Everything is a mathematical process
Awards & Punishments are rewards to the process Everyone is self centered
Every action is done for self reward Donald Trump & Mother Theresa have
different reward systems Accumulated body of society's existing knowledge that is built up over time and passed from generation to generation Universal Three Stage Process How did culture get here? Objects Beliefs Values Behaviors (Social Experience) Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab Richard Reed Shoe Bomber

Underpants Bomber Example... Liquid ban on flights
(liquids must be 3 oz or less and sealed in a plastic bag) Full Body Scanners (Over time phenomenon is lost,
yet culture persists) Example... Why are food, beverages, and medicines
sealed in plastic? Why are tennis shoes called "sneakers"? >Necessary, allowing people to be emotionally attached
>Generates conflict & misunderstanding >Globalization increases, so must the understanding of other cultures Are there universal standards for the human species? How can we avoid imposing our own standards? What are our own standards? Features common to all cultures Example: Notgnihsaw to Washington Organization of written/spoken symbols
into standardized system Most obvious aspect of culture Shared beliefs on behavior that is seen as desirable Example: Education's value on respect What are some other behaviors that are seen as desirable? Shared rules that tell people how to act in specific situation Created to enfore cutural values Folkways Laws Mores Little moral significance Most followed, but do not to have Example: nose picking, walking directions, eye contact Flolkways/Mores written
into formal code Punishable by law Speeding/Murder Serious violation
Threatening to society canabilism, rape, incest Social Control How are norms, mores, and laws established,
upheld, and maintained? The enforcement of values and norms Internalized, training individuals to conform to societies expectations What do you do when the bell rings? Sanctions Some must be motivated to follow social norms Awards or punishments to enforce conformity Positive Negative Formal Informal Form of reward (smile, high five, thumbs up) Form of punishment or threat
of punishment
(frown, grit of teeth, death penalty) Reward/Punishment issued by an organization
(Promotion, speeding ticket) Expression of approval or disaproval
Given by an individual or unorganized group
(punishment for late practice, high five) Various Cultures Changing Cultures Subcultures Coutner Cultures Don't reject values of society
Yet have seperate/additional
values,beliefs, norms Rejection of larger society
Replacement with new patterns Values Change Why? 1. Technology
2. Population
3. Physical Envi.
4. Wars Resistance Ethnocentrism
Cultural Lag
Vested Interest What factors shape society? Why do societies change? Interaction in a defined territory with a shared culture Hunting and Gathering Pastoral Agrarian Industrial Postindustrial Composed of Social Institutions statuses, roles, values, & norms organized to satisfy basic needs of society Role Overload Role Over Control Obedience becomes a reflex
Fail to think critically about what you are doing Combination of roles is too great student, athlete, worker, boyfriend, girlfriend, Seperate roles (connected to multiple statuses) that oppose one another Scientist and Christian Fundamentalist Undefined or Unclear Roles Freshman in college, New employee Demands of the role (within a single status) are contradicting Teacher/Student
Coach/Athelete
Boss/Employee
Facebook Friends? Behaviors that accompany a status Position in society Status that is worked for... MD, PH.D, First Responder, etc. Status you are born with... white, black, asian, rich, poor, etc. Dominate Status... What is your dominate or master status? Stable patterns, that provide a framework for society Politician and Family Man Football Coach and golfer Mass amounts of people engaging in non-routine behavior and violating social expectations Separate individuals responding to the same stimulus in the same way Information transmitted informally mass media, email, web, etc permit rumors to spread faster and further Uncertainty Unstable Difficult to stop Little or no social interaction No clear social boundaries
~same objective but no unity Weak/unconventional norms people who are physically close to eachother Temporary gathering of people with shared
attention and influence Types Casual
Conventional
Expressive
Acting (When acting crowds turn violent) Crowd Behavior Short lived, but play a significant role in bringing about change Anonymitiy
Invulnerability
Spontaneity
Suggestibility Concerts Beach Sporting Events LA Riots "Paul is Dead" Helpful? Harmful? Harmless? pattern favored by large numbers of people unconventional behavior enthusiastically/briefly embraced EX. Braclets EX. " choke out" Irrational reaction to an immdieat threat
(often self destructive) Irrational reaction to imaginary threat FIRE War of the Worlds Adhere to tradition, prevent or roll back changes Create change or more progressive society Pro Life
Prop 8 Civil, women's, gay rights movements Dissatisfied with society
Violence acceptable to achieve Seperate form society to for own perfect society Utopian KKK, Black Panthers Jims Jones, The Amish Culture is the basis for an individuals reality functionalist
conflict Funeral U of M Riots 2010 Homecoming
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