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luke webb

on 13 February 2014

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The Control of Substances
Hazardous to Health Regulations
This regulation covers general requirements on employers to protect employees and other persons from the hazards of substances used at work by risk assessment, control of exposure, health surveillance and incident planning.
COSSH Register
Creation of a saftey audit
Development and implementation of an effective safety audit will consist of the following:
• Select individuals for the inspections/audits
• Develop schedule; deciding what needs to be carried out daily, weekly, monthly…
• Develop a checklist to be used for each part of the schedule.
• Inspection/audit is carried out with finding noted
• Remedial actions are intensified. (Immediate action to be taken at time of audit when possible).
• Follow up on identified actions.

In the following example I have developed an audit based on the 5S auditing methodology (More commonly known as a 5C audit) for more information refer to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5S_(methodology)

The Plumbing department comply to the requirements of an employer under coshh regulation . They fulfill the criteria by :
Having a COSSH register with details on all substances being used in the departments
All the students are shown how to read the COSHH register and find COSSH details for specific hazardous products
Providing appropriate PPE and instruction on how to use each item of PPE
Providing a welfare station in each area
Display posters and signs remind of the risks associated with COSHH relevant substances.
Welfare facilities
To ensure pupils are able to wash their hands to reduce risk of contamination and minimise exposure to COSSH substances
Health and Safety Regulations
The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (also referred to as HSWA, the HSW Act, the 1974 Act or HASAWA) is the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety in Great Britain. The Health and Safety Executive, with local authorities (and other enforcing authorities) is responsible for enforcing the Act and a number of other Acts and Statutory Instruments relevant to the working environment.
The Lifting operations and lifting equipment regulations: 1998

Yes, as follows:

• Daily walkthrough inspection; Daily:
A quick walkthrough of the workshop using a tick box checklist to ensure that basic
guidelines are met.

• Planned maintenance; Yearly:
Every year, typically during the summer, all machines are inspected and maintenance is
carried out.

• PAT; Yearly:
A yearly PAT for all power tools and equipment.

• Training Audit:
All students and teachers are deemed competent to use a designated piece of equipment, a list of trained personnel is available on each piece of equipment.
Manual Handling
Do the Work Shops have a schedule for safety audit?
P1.The Provision and use of work equipment regulations legislation of 1998 serves to enforce safety requirement for the installation, operation, & maintenance of machinery in the workplace. PUWER states that equipment provided for use at work is:
-suitable for the intended use
-safe for use, maintained in a safe condition and inspected to ensure it is correctly installed and does not subsequently deteriorate
-used only by people who have received adequate information, instruction and training
-accompanied by suitable health and safety measures, such as protective devices and controls. These will normally include emergency stop devices, adequate means of isolation from sources of energy, clearly visible markings and warning devices
-used in accordance with specific requirements, for mobile work equipment and power presses
In addition, certain machines have their own unique safety requirements, which must also be met.
The equipments must be regularly check and maintained : lifting equipment must be thoroughly inspected once every 12 months or once every 6 months if it is used in 'man up' functions.
The equipment must be suitable for the task and the environment it will be used in. this could include being made from appropriate materials
The equipment must meet european standards
The lifting operation must be properly planned and the item s to be lifted should be risk assessed and the lifting equipment selected appropriately
The staff using lifting equipment should be competent and have adequate up to date training.
The lifting equipment must be accompanied with its duty charts and restrictions
The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, as amended in 2002
(‘the Regulations’) apply to a wide rangeof manual handling activities,
including lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling or carrying. The load may be
either animate, such as a person or an animal, or inanimate, such as a box or a trolley.
Electricity at Work
Regulations 1989

The role of HSE inspectorate.
An inspector’s role is to:
• Assess relevant documents held by the duty holder.

• Observe site conditions, standards and practices where work activities are carried out under the duty holder’s control.

• Investigate (when accidents have happened or a complaint is made) whether people are at risk, to find out if something has gone wrong.

• Require you to take action to control risks properly if you are not already complying with the law.

• Take appropriate enforcement action in relation to any non-compliance, ranging from advice on stopping dangerous work activities to potentially taking prosecutions where people are put at serious risk.

• Provide advice and guidance to help you comply with the law and avoid injuries and ill health at work.
A regulation that requires employers to provide adequate and appropriate equipment, facilities and personnel to ensure their employees receive immediate attention if they are injured or taken ill at work.
The Health and Safety
(First-Aid) Regulations 1981
All departments have a qualified first aider on hand as well as a first aid box. Students should be provided with basic training to treat minor injuries.
Memorandum of guidance on the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
Persons on whom duties are imposed by these
Systems, work activities and protective equipment
Strength and capability of electrical equipment
Adverse or hazardous environments
Insulation, protection and placing of conductors
Earthing or other suitable precautions
Integrity of referenced conductors
Means for protecting from excess of current
Means for cutting off the supply and for isolation
Precautions for work on equipment made dead
Work on or near live conductors
Working space, access and lighting
Persons to be competent to prevent danger and injury

Safety signs and Signals Regulations 1996
The Regulations require employers to use a safety sign where there is a significant risk to health and safety that has not been avoided or controlled by the methods required under other relevant law, provided use of a sign can help reduce the risk. Safety signs are not a substitute for those other methods of controlling risks such as engineering controls and safe systems of work.
They apply to all workplaces and to all activities where people are employed, but exclude signs used in connection with transport or the supply and marketing of dangerous substances, products and equipment
The Regulations require, where necessary, the use of road traffic signs in workplaces to regulate road traffic

There are different types of signs and these are as follows:-
Emergency escape or first-aid signs
Intrinsic features:
(a) rectangular or square shape;
(b) white pictogram on a green background (the green part to take up at least 50% of the area of the sign)

Firefighting signs
Intrinsic features:
(a) rectangular or square shape;
(b) white pictogram on a red background (the red part to take up at least 50% of
the area of the sign)
HSE Inspectorate
Auditing and Inspection
The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2013
RIDDOR is the law that requires employers, and other people in control of work
premises, to report and keep records of:
work-related accidents which cause death
work-related accidents which cause certain serious injuries (reportable injuries); ■
■ diagnosed cases of certain industrial diseases; and certain ‘dangerous occurrences’ (incidents with the potential to cause harm).
What needs to be reported:
Not all accidents need to be reported, a RIDDOR report is required only when:
the accident is work-related
it results in an injury which is reportable,
When deciding if the accident that led to the death or injury is work-related, the key issues to consider are whether the accident was related to:
the way the work was organized,
the way it was carried out or supervised,
any machinery, plant, substances or equipment used for work.
the condition of the site or premises where the accident happened.
Reportable injuries include:
amputation of an arm, hand, finger, thumb, leg, foot or toe; ■
permanent loss of sight or reduction of sight; ■
crush injuries leading to internal organ damage; ■
serious burns (covering more than 10% of the body, or damaging the eyes, ■ respiratory system or other vital organs);
scalpings (separation of skin from the head) which require hospital treatment; ■
unconsciousness caused by head injury or asphyxia; ■
any other injury arising from working in an enclosed space, which leads to ■
hypothermia, heat-induced illness or requires resuscitation or admittance to
hospital for more than 24 hours.
Risk Assessments
Each department have put into place systems to comply with RIDDOR;
Each department has an accident book available which is complaint with requirements of RIDDOR

Prohibitory signs
Intrinsic features:
(a) round shape;
(b) black pictogram on white background, red edging and diagonal line (the red part to take up at least 35% of the area of the sign).
Warning signs
Intrinsic features:
(a) triangular shape;
(b) black pictogram on a yellow background with black edging (the yellow part to take up at least 50% of the area of the sign).
Mandatory signs
Intrinsic features:
(a) round shape;
(b) white pictogram on a blue background (the blue part to take up at least 50% of the area of the sign)

Emergency escape or first-aid signs
Intrinsic features:
(a) rectangular or square shape;
(b) white pictogram on a green background (the green part to take up at least 50% of the area of the sign)
The plumbing department carries out a number of operations which include maintenance and installation of central heating systems, drainage, hot and cold water supplies.

These were carried out in different work areas of the plumbing department facility. One section was devoted to central heating systems which incorporated boilers and associated electrical and electronic control systems. Another was devoted to bathroom type installations and a further work area was reserved for brazing and soldering operations.
Relevant HSE Regulations
Machines used in Plumbing
LPG Torches
Bench Grinders
• Electricity at Work Regulations
• Fire Precautions Act
• Manual Handling Operations
• Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSSH)
• Control of Lead at Work Regulations
• Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR)
• Health and Safety at Work Regulation
• Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulation (PUWER)
• Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations ( LOLER)
• Work at Height Regulations

The use of LPG soldering torches with corrosive flux sometimes with lead solder makes the following H&S regulations relevant:
Fire Precautions Act
Control of Lead at Work Regulations
RIDDOR, with pressurised flammable gases and hot surfaces the potential for serious injury or even death exists

Pipe Fitting
Pipe fitting can be repetitive and often require adopting an awkward posture in cramped conditions for extended periods of time. So Manual Handling Operations would be relevant under these circumstances. This may also involve working at height.

Also PUWER would come into effect if the pipe fitting operations involved the afore mentioned use of bench grinders and drills.

Central Heating Systems
Central Heating systems incorporate electrical control systems which are regulated under the Electricity at Work Regulations.
Plastering and Bricklaying
The plastering and bricklaying departments make use of a small fork lifter. The fork lifter is thoroughly inspected annually by the an accredited inspector. The inspection certification is available for reference and is relates to the model and type used. The fork lift is an appropriate tool for the task and its requirements well within its duty charts.
The fork lift is only operated by two members of teaching staff who have been trained in its use.
Clear warning signs are erected around the work shop of its use and an access route has been set out for its movement.
What is the purpose of a Safety Audit?

P1. In the carpentry department students use a wide range of hand tools and machines many of which require specialist H&S, in check with PUWER regulations. A variety of hand tools, such as chisels, plainers, & handheld saws, all of which require training for use. All tools require maintenance, and should be checked for any signs of failure regularly. Ideally, students should be trained to check & maintain the tools themselves, as well as the department staff. A number of Electric hand tools, such as drills & hand routers, which require PAT checks. Machines, such as band saws, wood mills & pillar drills, all of which should be fitted with dust extractors for waste material such as sawdust, should also be cordoned off to ensure only the machine user is within range of the machine, and that no one else can potentially interfere with their work. All machines require maintenance and safety inspection.
P1.There are no machines inside the Decorating department; all work is done using a combination of hand tools, with the exception of Ladders, for which training for use must be provided, & paint remover spirits, which need proper storage, training, and use of PPE.
P1.Students in the plumbing department using a number of different machines, which require their own PUWER H&S regulations. Machines such as the Pipe bender require student training, as well as inspection & maintenance. The grinder requires careful training for proper use, as the risk of injury is very high.
Plastering & Bricklaying
P1. The Brick laying department is a largely manual work, using hand tools. However, training must be provided for students to use the brick cutting saw & Cement Mixer. The Forklift requires a separate training course for staff members. All machines require safety inspection & maintenance checks.
Area for improvement
During our inspection of the college workshops we found that each department had identified the required PPE for the tasks they under took. The departments had also provided all the PPE for the use of the students. the only improvement we found would be the enforcement in of the use PPE. The students were not using the PPE even though they had been provided it and instructed to use it in there training.
A safety audit is required to maintain a base level of health and safety and ensure that this level is kept at a certain point of acceptability and as such, the audit should be designed specifically to cover this.
P1 and P3
P1and P3
P1 and P3
The students were not wearing goggles or glasses while working with chisels
P1 and P3
P1 and P3
Brick Laying
A rule in the brick workshop was that if any workers were present upstairs then all personel downstairs would be required to wear hard hats. Hard hats were viable in plentiful supply but the student were not mad to wear them. This can be due to laziness and lack of authoritative enforcement.
P1 + P3
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