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sentence structure (business english)

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by

Elena S

on 18 March 2016

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Transcript of sentence structure (business english)

The room is ready for the meeting.
3 English sentence elements
WHO? WHAT?
What is the difference between the subjects in the sentences?

I
am busy.
My friend
is reliable.

There
is much money in the pocket.
It
is windy today.
ImPERSONal constructions
It is...
SUBJECT
What?
Who?
The boss is ready for the meeting.
No PERSON who is... or who does...
It is windy
It is sunny
It is cold
It is rainy
It is hot
weather description
What is the weather like today?
It is winter
time expression
What season is it now?
It is December
It is Monday
It is afternoon
It is 5 o'clock
What day is it today?
What's the time?
action description
There is\are
IT IS
+ adj + to
v1


Холодно.
Информация в компьютере.
Они работают в авиакомпании.
сравните следующие русские предложения:
Переведем их на английский.
Что общего?
It is cold.
Information is in computer.
They are working in aircompany.
SUBJECT
VERB
OBJECT

Find 3 elements in the sentences:
Aircraft is on the gate4.
We are from Kazan.
This is balance sheet.
Balance sheet is in computer.
They are in the terminal.
Information desk is in front of me.
Сравните:

We
are in the office.

Businessmen
are in the office.

Our managing director
is in the office.
C чего начинается английское предложение (subject)?
Subject pronouns
(местоимения = ВМЕСТО существ-го)
I
He
She
It
We
They
You
Замените существительные на местоимения:
inspector
airplanes
stewardess
captain
passengers
teacher
system
equipment
pilots
procedure
weather
Замените подлежащие В ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯХ на местоимения:
1) Your information is useful.
2) Documents are in order.
3) Gentleman is tired.
4) Flight is long.
5) My friends and I are in the airport.
6) Passengers are angry.
7) Computer is inoperative.
8) Football player is young.
9) English language is necessary for us.
13)This information is reliable.
14) This task is easy.
a noun
a word combination
+ NOUN
adjective
pronoun adjective
noun
+ NOUN
a foreign
country
a quick
decision
necessary
information
+ NOUN
my
his
her
its
our
their
your
job
job
job
job
job
job
job
+ NOUN
money
loss
Reliable friend is ready to help.
Our is experienced.
business team
a person - noun
is young.
Businessman
John
is CEO
Customers
are asking for info.
a thing - noun
Premises
is busy.
Report
is reliable.
Message
is urgent.
a place - noun
Complete the sentences using THERE IS\ARE ot IT IS...
... engineers on the apron.
... very cold.
... much fuel in the fuel tanks.
... 3 o'clock in the afternoon.
... wonderful to fly abroad.
... late evening.
... Tuesday.
... necessary to train to speak English.
... snowy.
... challenging to be a pilot.
important
necessary
difficult
easy
possible
impossible
dangerous


use
play
have
help
check
do
call
change
prepare
properly
correctly
quickly
carefully
accurately
IT IS
What are traffic rules?
It is necessary to...
It is safe to ....
It is dangerous to...
Complete the sentences using the pattern:
... it is....to...
To get to work in time...
To be happy ...
To have many friends...
To have much money...
To be healthy...
to
It is cold.

Information is useful.

They are working in air company.
The line
are available.
The ground floor
is not for renting.
is near the terminal.
The bus stop
shoes
ticket
weather
sister
car
film
computer
decision
brother
options
a pronoun
verb
сразу после него
ГЛАГОЛ
сравните:
He
She
We
You
They
It
am in the office.
is in the office.
are checking mail.
My
His
Her
Its
Our
Your
Their
report
reports
report
reports
report
reports
report
is in the office.
are in the office.
is in the office.
are in the office.
is in the office.
are in the office.
is in the office.
Подставьте правильное слово (обратите внимание на форму местоимения)
I ...
His ...
Her ...
We ...
Our...
He...
My...
Your...
You
It....
Закончите предложения правильной формой глагола

I ....
My job....
Our company...
His responsibilities....
We .....
Her experience ....
Their meeting ....
Its goal ....
It ....
They .....
замените словосочетания на местоимения
people
our friends
their offer
his car
your job
their decision
my plans
our boss
your sister
her brother
your hotel
its parameters
premises
company
Sales department is on the left.
verb
object
КТО?
ЧТО?
СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНОЕ
СЛОВОСОЧЕТАНИЕ
МЕСТОИМЕНИЕ
near
in front of
behind
me
him
her
it
us
you
them
Где?
Кому?
С кем?
I
change the nouns into pronouns

Ann is checking mail.
Colleagues are calling Tom.
Customers are with Kate.
The documents are with our partners.
Jane and Nick are behind people in this room.
Accountant is in the office.
Report is in my bag.
John is answering call from his wife.
переведите:
Холодно.
Сегодня вторник.
5 часов.
Сейчас лето.
Дождливо.
Утро.
День.
Вечер.
сравните:
Доклад на столе.

На столе - доклад.
что
где
предмет
место
Report is on the table.

There is report on the table.
кто? что?
1
где?
место
There

There

is

are

a computer in the office.

computers in the office.

один
несколько
составьте предложение по образцу
a book/table
There is a book on the table.

documents/computer
player/football field
boss/car
report/table

outlets/shopping mall
film /cinema
friends/cafe
money/pocket

There is / are
ГДЕ?
КТО?
ЧТО?

Человек
Предмет

Переведите предложения
Книга на столе.
На столе важные документы.
Нам нужны все документы.
В нашем городе есть метро.
Им нравится добираться домой на метро.
На остановке много людей.
Стация метро рядом с Кремлем.
В нашем метро 9 станций.
Удобно добираться на метро в центр.
В Казани много кинотеатров.
Кинотеатр КАРО находится в ТЦ Кольцо.
В кафе много народу.
Дорого обедать в кафе каждый день.
У нас встреча в этом кафе.

составьте по два предложения по образцу
a car/ street
There is a car in the street.
The car is near the shop.

переведите

В нашем городе много интересных мест.
Можно хорошо провести выходные с друзьями.
В центре города много кафе и магазинов.
Легко купить одежду, обувь и пообедать в этом месте.
Рядом с метро есть кофейня.
Но здесь дорого обедать каждый.
Трудно найти хорошее и дешевое кафе.
Хорошо пообедать в кафе после прогулки.
В меню кафе есть различные блюда и напитки.
Полезно есть много овощей и фруктов.
Опасно курить и пить крепкие напитки.


books
friends
money
Think about the rules of behavior in the following places:

- in airport
- on the road
- in hotel
- in restaurant
- in shopping mall
- on business meeting
- on the first date
Добавьте к предложению подлежащее
... is in the center.
... is hungry.
... are playing computer games.
... is reliable.
... are at home.
... is old.
... are from the USA.
составьте словосочетания с существительными:



film
work
food
car
ticket
man
story
lesson
teacher
country
place
thing
подставьте в предложения прилагательные:

The woman is in the mall.
The pilot is near the airplane.
The option is in the car.
The man is buying the car.
The boy is riding a bicycle.
The person is trying on boots.
man
woman
their hobby
my school
my birthday
compare:


I

am
from Russia.
He

is
from Russia.
She

is
from Russia.
We

are
from Russia.
They

are
from Russia.
You

are
from Russia.
My
His
Her
Our
Their
Your
country

is
Russia.
Full transcript