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Developing Rally Skills

Part one
by

simon wheatley

on 2 August 2016

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Transcript of Developing Rally Skills

rallying skills
by simon wheatley
rally tempo
rally threshold
introduction to rallying
cHALLENGING
SKILLS
RALLY
rally rising
Developing
It is commonly accepted in tennis and many other sports that there are 3 phases of play:

Offense (Attacking)
Neutral (Rallying)

Defense (Defending)

The most common singles combinations of players doing rallying drills together are:

Baseline to baseline
Net to net
Net to baseline

There are 4 components to consider when developing rallying skills with players. All 4 can be done where the focus is on hitting the ball back to each other or making the opponent move without attacking (rallying to space).
Rally Threshold
Rally Accuracy
Rally Tempo
Rally Rising Ball Quality
Rally Training Type
Minimal Movement
Challenging Movement
Threshold refers to the number of shots a player can sustain/achieve during a rally without attacking or defending.
rally accuracy
Accuracy refers to a players ability to rally towards a specific target area in the court
Tempo refers to the speed at which the player rallies comfortably without feeling they are attacking.

Each component can be trained either in isolation increasing the level of difficulty as the player progresses. Alternatively a coach may choose to combine several of the components together. If you then add in movement/different technical skills the players rallying skills will be severely challenged.
Rally Threshold
Rally Accuracy
Rally Tempo
Rally Accuracy
Rally Threshold
Rally Quality
Rally Threshold
Rally Accuracy
Rally Tempo
Rally Threshold
20 shot rally
20 shot rally
Beyond service line
20 shot rally
20 shot rally
Beyond service line
Beyond service line
Under 1 minute
Under 1 minute
Rising into opponent
Repeat with movement
ball quality
Rising quality refers to rallying so that all shots are neutralising the opponent behind the baseline by making it rise after the bounce into the opponents chest/shoulders.
beginners ..........to........ PRO LEVEL... Part one
Rally components
Beginners .... Pro Level
Low
High
Beg
Pro
THRESHOLD
Poor
Precision
Beg
Pro
ACCURACY
Slow
Fast
Beg
Pro
TEMPO
Falling
Rising ..opponent
Beg
Pro
RALLY RISING BALL QUALITY
There are 2 basic ways a coach can set up a drill around developing a players rally threshold
Threshold
Initial Target
"First pair to 50"
No Target & Improve
1st ball rallied = 12
2nd ball rallied = 16
3rd...................= 12
4th....................= 25
5th....................= 30
6th.....................=31
There are 4 progressions to condition the level of difficulty for the player to achieve a high rally threshold.

When the player's make a mistake:
Coaches Conditions
1) Carry on rally score, no consequences, add to final score (the amount of shots you both hit is the focus)

2) Carry on rally score, counting how many errors players did to acheive target number eg 12...16...35...40...48...50 = 5 errors

3) Carry on target score but drop down a number after each error occurs. Find a ball and start from the reduced number

4) After each error the player is back to
0
and must start the rally target challenge again
"Rally of 50 shots"
Accuracy
Beyond service
line
Certain direction =
XC/DTL/DDM/
small target
Accuracy can be assessed and progressed using the following formats:
Coaches Conditions
1) Only count when the ball lands in the target area e.g. X-C FH's only

2) Award different level of points for different targets e.g. 3= Near baseline, 2 =3/4 line, 1 = service box )

3) Make target smaller as player achieves levels
Accuracy is often challenged within these boundaries
Beyond
ORANGE
baseline
Near sideline/
baseline
Doughnut (out of the
middle)
Tempo
Falling over the baseline
Rising over the baseline
but falling into the opponent
When training a players rally tempo, coaches can choose one of two approaches or in combination with each other:
Target to time
Rising Ball Quality
There are 3 different trajectories the ball can travel over the baseline after it has landed in the court.


First pair to get a rally of 15 shots

Repeat to see other players
challenging their tempo

Combination of the above
Target to peers
Rally 20 balls x-court no mistakes within 1 minute
Rally 20 balls x-court no mistakes within:
- 58 secs
- 56 secs
- 54 secs
Rising over the baseline
& rising into the opponent
Balls rising: Rallying Skills Progressions
Balls over & in - don’t miss
Annual Plan Example
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Technical Priorities
Beginner ............ Pro Level
TAP
rally
PUSH
rally
HIT
rally
Swing scale
=
2- 2

Rhythm
=
Slow - slow

Momentum
= mainly
arm with stable wrist at impact
Swing scale
= 5 - 5

Rhythm
=
Slow - slow

Momentum
=
- Mainly arm with back foot tip stance
- stable wrist at impact
Swing scale
= 8 (keeping hitting hand chest side)- 10

Rhythm
=
Slow - Fast

Momentum
=
- Arm & body together
- Knee bend with dynamic extension
- Dynamic footwork to support body momentum
- Laid back wrist for lagging
- 180 degree trunk turn through hitting phase
- Use of left hand to aid trunk rotation
Some Technical Drills whilst RALLYING
Say LOW to HIGH when swinging
the racket to make impact

Double take back- take two backswings before hitting the ball back

Say SLOW when preparing the racket
Say FAST when swinging forwards

Keeping hand chest side (hit double handed forhands)

Lengthen Hitting Zone (Tramline rallying)




RACKET WORK
BODY WORK
FOOTWORK
When the ball lands sink into the court
When start to swing your racket forwards drive your legs

Say TURN to turn sideways on before the balll bounces

Say TURN -TURN to make sure they face the net before impact

Say TURN -TURN -HIT to ensure correct coordination

Hold the racket with non domiant hand until the ball bounces on players side of the court

Say HANDS when the ball is low and BODY when the ball is high to generate speed on the ball

Different breathing patterns for the shot, shorter & longer exhale

Head gaze - keep eyes and head gazed into the impact area until the ball hits the other side of the court

4 different uses of legs, One knee down at impact... both knees down at impact, both knees flex and then extend (on the ground), both knees flex and drive off the ground.
Say SPLIT just before opponent hits the ball

Say SPLIT and in the air say the stroke you will hit the ball back with

Say STOP to be set up and STOP to be back in the proper recovery position

Say the direction needed to move to be set up before the ball lands.. Forwards, backwards, FH,BH,
LTA Coach Education
Rally quality rising over baseline - no moon balls allowed
Balls in rising over baseline using moon balls
Rally quality rising into opponent
Balls rising " " 4 in a row (make a mistake start again) how many sets of
4 possible.....
Balls rising " " change of rhythm one person hitting moon balls only,
other hitting rising balls only)
Balls rising " ": Change of rhythm as above but opponent hitting slice
only " "
Same but one player mixing rhythm up and other player staying constant
Rising ball quality
Balls rising " "dominating the middle to the corners
Balls rising " " X Court rallies with off centre recovery
Balls rising " " 2 X 1 line
Balls rising " " 1 X 1 line
Full transcript