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Transcript of Malcolm X
- Believed that white people work to keep African Americans from empowering themselves and achieving political, economic and social success.
- Work to get their own state, separate from white people.
Nation of Islam
- When Malcolm was paroled in 1952, he went to Chicago to meet Elijah Muhammad.
- Malcolm Little began to study the teaching of Elijah Muhammad.
- Malcolm became a devoted follower and replaced his last name, Little to X.
- He considered "Little" a slave name and chose X to signify his lost tribal name.
- Malcolm became the most prominent national spokesman for the Black Muslims.
- As the NOI grows, it captured attention from the government.
- FBI infiltrated the organization.
- A week later, on February 21, 1965, Malcolm went to a speaking engagement in the Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom.
- Three gunman shot Malcolm X 15 times at close range.
- Malcolm X was pronounced dead on arrival at New York's Columbia Presbyterian Hospital.
- Fifteen hundred people attended Malcolm's funeral in Harlem on February 27, 1965 at the Faith Temple Church of God in Christ.
- Later that year, Malcolm's twin daughters was born.
End of Malcolm X's Career
- Malcolm moved to Harlem, New York.
- He committed petty crimes.
"...Early in life, I had learned that if you want something, you had better make some noise." -Malcolm X
The Little Family
- Malcolm Little was born as Malcolm Little in May 19, 1925, Omaha, Nebraska.
- His father was a Baptist Minister named Earl Little.
- His father was a avid follower of Marcus Garvey, a black nationalist leader.
- His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family's eight children.
On the move
- Earl Little's civil rights activism prompted death threats from the KKK.
- The Little family have to relocate twice before Malcolm's fourth birthday.
- Malcolm became a assistant minister of a Detroit mosque.
- Malcolm moved to Boston, living with his sister.
-He worked various jobs.
Back to Boston
- Malcolm decided to move back to Boston with his friend Malcolm "Shorty" Jarvis.
- Malcolm came back to Chicago to study personally under Elijah.
- Shortly thereafter, Malcolm was sent to organize a mosque in Philadelphia.
Mosque in Harlem
- In 1954, Malcolm led a mosque in Harlem.
- Even though the Little family moved to Lansing, Michigan to get away from the KKK, in 1929 their home was burned down.
- Two years later, Earl's body was found on the trolley tracks.
-Police ruled both incidents as an accident, but the Littles was sure it was the KKK.
- Louise Little became mentally ill several years later and sent to a mental institution.
- The children were divided amongst various foster homes and orphanages.
- Malcolm Little was a smart student; graduated from junior high at the top of his class.
-He lost interest and dropped school when his favorite teacher told Malcolm that his dream of being a lawyer is "no realistic goal for a nig***."
The Little's life in Michigan
- Malcolm X used newspaper, radio, and television to spread the words of the NOI across the United States.
- Malcolm was credited for increasing members of the NOI from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963.
Malcolm' s Work
- In 1946, Malcolm is sentence to 10 years in prison for burglary.
- Malcolm used his time to further his education.
- It was during his period of self enlightenment when his brother Reginald would visit and discuss his recent conversion to Islam.
- Reginald belonged to a religion group call the Nation of Islam (NOI).
Prison and Enlightenment
- When there was a major thrust for racial integration, Malcolm X and the Black Muslims were calling for racial separation.
- He urged black people to
- Give up the Christian religion
- Reject integration
- Understand that the high crime rate in black communities was essentially a result of African Americans following the decadent mores of Western, white society.
- Urged black people not to participate in elections because to do so meant to sanction the immoral political system of the United States.
Test of Faith
- In 1963, Malcolm learned that his mentor had an affair with six women in the NOI; some resulted with children.
- Malcolm strictly followed the teachings of Muhammad; including remaining celibate until his marriage with Betty.
- Malcolm refused to help Muhammad cover his affairs.
- Malcolm felt guilty about the masses he had led to join the NOI; Malcolm felt that the NOI is a fraudulent organization.
- Malcolm made a comment on John F. Kennedy's assassination "the chicken coming home to roost"; it has received a lot of criticism.
- Muhammad made Malcolm "silence" for 90 days.
- On April 13, 1964, Malcolm left the United States to go on a spiritual journey.
- Malcolm journey redefined his philosophy on white people.
- He said that "the white man is not inherently evil, but America's racist society influences him to act evilly."
Malcolm X's Pilgrimage
- On March 8, 1964, Malcolm X publicly announced that he was leaving the NOI and renounced Elijah Muhammad.
- FBI informants in the NOI warned officials that Malcolm has been marked for assassination.
- Their were repeated attempts at his life.
- Malcolm started two new organization; Muslim Mosque, Inc. & the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
Malcolm leaves the NOI
- In 1957, he met a young student nurse name Betty Shabazz.
- They got married in 1958; they had 6 daughters.
- When Malcolm went stopped in Cairo, Egypt, he saw something he never saw in the United States: men of all color and nationalities treating each other equally.
- Malcolm X toured through Egypt, Lebanon, Nigeria, and Ghana.
Malcolm X in Africa
- Back to the United States, Malcolm announced that he planned to internationalized the black struggle by taking black people's complaint against the US in the UN.
- Malcolm sought aid from several African countries through the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
- Malcolm stated that his organization is willing to work with other black and white organization to work on African American civil rights.
- On February 15, 1965, Malcolm and his family's house was firebombed in East Elmhurst, New York, no one was injured.
UPDATE: MALCOLM X'S KILLER RELEASED FROM PRISON
By Jacky Luu & Ricardo Villegas