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Checking 4 Understanding (Master)
Transcript of Checking 4 Understanding (Master)
Check for Understanding? by Douglas Fisher and Nancy Frey Provides students with feedback along the way. When Checking for Understanding, we must ask ourselves... Do I know what misconceptions my students have?
How do I know what they understand?
What evidence do I accept as understanding?
How will I use student understanding to plan my instruction? Understanding by Design Use Oral Language to Check for Understanding Oral Language Strategies
Noticing Non-Verbal Cues
Value Line Ups
Whip Around The amount of teacher talk time versus student talk time in classrooms varies by demographics With increased poverty, teachers tend to talk more; more skill focus; less student participation is expected along with less focus on critical thinking skills. Studies done by Wilhelm & Smith in 2005 and van Langen, Bosker & Dekkers in 2006 give clear evidence that teachers...
call on boys more often than girls
ask boys more challenging questions
give intensive feedback to boys, along with more wait time
The art of questioning is essential to learning Traditional teacher questioning can be problematic to students, therefore, teachers must use effective questioning in order to elicit rich understanding of concepts:
questions must engage students in deeper thinking
using an organized structure like Bloom's is beneficial; use higher order questions that will develop a wide range of knowledge 5 Steps to Effective Questioning
Prepare question: Identify purpose, content, cognitive level, wording & syntax Present the question: indicate response format, ask question, select respondent Prompt student response:pause, assist non-respondent, pause following student response Process response: provide feedback, expand and use correct responses, elicit reactions and questions Non Verbal Support can encourage or discourage students! Eye Contact
Checking for Understanding...
Empowers students to take responsibility of their own learning
Fosters good teaching practices
Encourages teachers to look for multiple representations of learning
Deepens our assessment techniques, not just used as a summative tool
Is aligned with best teaching practices
Checks our own understanding as professionals Even though we can't change the testing climate as it is today, we can create classrooms where testing is appreciated by both students and teachers. We need to:
understand what the tests do and share it with our students
Develop climates where students are empowered to check their own understanding along the way.
Collaboration: Using Common Assessments and Consensus Scoring Differentiating Instruction Breakthrough Model of School Reform Checking for Understanding is linked to common initiatives in education like: As communicators, we are required to organize our messages clearly and adapt them to our listeners ELL students are often asked less challenging questions Reflect on questioning practices Facial Expressions Body Language Wait Time Physical Distance Verbal Acknowledgments Restating Speaker's Response Strategies to Increase Student Participation When Thinking of Questioning Response Cards
Magnetic Boards Hand Signals
Thumbs Up, Down, Sideways
Give Me Five
Audience Response Systems
Hand held device allows students to display their knowledge ReQuest
Designed to teach students to ask and answer questions Socratic Seminar
Actively engages students in rich conversation and a series of questions Using Writing to Check for Understanding Writing to learn is a powerful tool Common Misuses
used as a consequence for a behavioral issue
used to label or sort students; labeling as proficient or not based on a single shot sample Writing Strategies to Check With Understanding
RAFT Write to Learn Strategies
Take a Stand
Exit Slips Project Performance to Check for Understanding We must go beyond the culminating project when using projects to Check for Understanding Set learning appropriate goals (essential questions need to be open ended and thought provoking)
Provide scaffolding for learning
Provide frequent ooportunities for revision and formative assessment such as story boards, draft texts, conferring, checklists, rubrics
Promote participation and individual self evaluation tools Performanced Based Learning is suitable for differentiated situations, where students with diverse needs use a variety of of creative ways to demonstrate learning. Reader's Theater
Paper and Electronic Portfolios
Visual Displays of Information(graphic organizers, thinking maps, concept maps)
Teacher teams can work together collaboratively using assessment data to guide their instruction. Steps to follow to successfully use assessment data to its fullest(a collaborative effort) Pacing guides
Instructional materials and arrangements
Consensus scoring and Item analysis
Revising pacing guide, Reviewing assessments, reteaching, and forming intervention groups. Our non verbal support should carry a tone of respect that encourages participation In Closing...