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Inside North Korea

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Owen Im

on 19 April 2013

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Transcript of Inside North Korea

INSIDE NORTH KOREA Human Rights Focus Global Perspective The world and media coverage center around the politics of North Korea http://www.straitstimes.com/microsites/global-perspectives/story/katharine-h-s-moon-love-and-marriage-north-korea This CNN piece focuses on the transition of power to North Korea's new dictator, Kim Jong Un.

Kim Jong Un's personal life was prominently featured in the news a woman was seen with him on multiple occasions. The world became aware that he was a married man, causing tabloid-like coverage of the dictator's personal life and getting attention from Jon Stewart on "The Daily Show". This ABC News clip shows North Korea's recent failed missile launch
Even more evident in the news, North Korea's nuclear missile programs and their threat to society have been featured to depict North Korea
as a potential military threat Obama visited the demilitarized zone (DMZ) between North and South Korea during the Nuclear Security Summit A BRIEF HISTORY 1950-1953 The Korean War Establishment of communist North 1960s Brief economic success 1970s Economic decline Juche Investments in military industries and mining hit hard as S. Korea's economy booms. 2002 President George Bush makes his speech on the "axis of evil" 2006 NK's first nuclear test Mentality North Korean ideology of self reliance Trafficking women refugees is an issue at large. It is estimated that over 70% of female North Korean refugees in China fall prey to exploitation in the human trafficking industry Malnourished children in North Korea's North Hamgyong Province, June 2008. AFP The market for trafficked refugee brides is augmented by China's one child only policy (a disproportionately large proportion of the population is male) refugee crisis This bill recently passed by the House of Representatives. If enacted, this legislation would allow Americans to adopt orphaned North Korean babies. Children in China who are half-North Korean are often unwanted. However, it is difficult to prove the ethnicity of orphaned children and the bill has not yet passed the Senate Yoon Hui
"she was sold as a bride to her husband, whom she had a daughter with, and spent her first four years of marriage in hiding. Her husband often beat her and used her for his pleasure. She was also treated very poorly in the community because many people knew she was from North Korea." escaped in NK in 2001 [No English subtitles] Mi-sun Bang "Bang had formerly been an actress with the propaganda squad of the Musan Mine. She fled the North with her children when her husband starved to death in 2002, but soon fell victim to human traffickers. She was arrested by Chinese police and was sent back to the North, where she was tortured. In 2004, she escaped again." Bang testified that one 21-year-old pregnant woman who had fled to China and been forcibly repatriated was killed when she refused to have an abortion. Forced abortions of half-Chinese children apparently aim to prevent the proliferation of "unclean" stock due to the North's archaic obsession with the national bloodline.

She called on U.S. President Barack Obama to make sure no more North Korean women are "sold like livestock in China. Please raise your voice in the international community so that North Koreans no longer receive this subhuman treatment in prison." Chosun ilbo, May 2009 Five years after reaching South Korea, defector Kim Yoon-hui, 27, looks totally up-to-date as she walks between classes on the campus of Hanyang University, where she's majoring in Chinese. Appearances are deceiving. Knowing almost nothing about the outside world until she escaped North Korea in 2001, Kim says that she often feels awkward and ill informed in her new world. "At parties people talk about movie stars and music and politics, and I usually don't know what they're talking about," she admits. "I smile and pretend I know everything, but I come home exhausted." National geographic, february 2009 Freedoms repression North Korea is one of the most repressed nations in the world, lacking basic that we take for granted. 1994-1998 Famine Kim Il-sung, former dictator,outlined three fundamental principles of Juche in his April 14, 1965.
This mentality is the basis of the personality cult built around 3 generations of Kim dictators.
"On Socialist Construction and the South Korean Revolution in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea"
1. Political independence [chaju]
2. Economic self-sustenance [charip]
3. Self-reliance in defense [chawi] This has significantly limited progress in NK because they are reluctant to accept outside aid and keep information flow limited. Religion
Speech
Movement Political prison camps still exist in NK. Refugees who are repatriated are sent to these prison camps where they essentially cease to exist. Personal documents are stripped from them on entry and children born inside are non-entities. DailyNK is a blog dedicated to current events and issues surrounding NK. To escape economic difficulties and political persecution, refugees try to make it across the border. However, the Chinese government does not recognize escaped North Koreans as refugees and instead identifies them as illegal migrants. The image depicts a mother trying to force her way past Chinese guards into a Japanese embassy and into safety as her daughter watches. North korean refugee adoption act . “Malnutrition, abuse, exploitation, lack of education—these are the horrors that are faced by orphans of North Korean origin who are effectively stateless and without protection.” -Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Republican Chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1903919_1895468,00.html Time photogallery: a rare glimpse into NK: Shin Dong Hyuk He escaped from Kaechon internment camp ("Camp #14"), where he was born because of his parents' crimes against the state. He watched his mother and brother being executed and suffered unmentionable horrors. conclusion Keep up with human rights issues and current events in North Korea north korean propoganda Many documentary films
are available online, like A State of mind Seoul Train, a documentary film on North Korea
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