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Elements and Principles of Art

Art Teacher Tracy Maley Emmaus High School Emmaus, PA
by

Tracy Maley

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of Elements and Principles of Art

The elements of art are the most basic raw materials used to construct art. Elements of Art Line___________________ Let's go over these elements one by one... Line - is a mark on a surface that describes a shape or outline.

It can create texture and can be thick and thin.

Types of line can include actual, implied, vertical, horizontal, diagonal and contour lines. Color - refers to specific hues and has 3 properties, Hue, Intensity and Value.

The color wheel is a way of showing the chromatic scale in a circle using all the colors made with the primary triad.

Complimentary pairs can produce dull and neutral color.

Black and white can be added to produce tints (add white), shades (add black) and tones (add gray). Color What are the primary colors?

Secondary?

Tertiary? The color wheel is a way of showing the chromatic scale in a circle using all the colors made with the primary triad.
, Check out this cool website on color theory! http://www.worqx.com/color/shade_tint.htm Texture - is about surface quality either tactile or visual.

Texture can be real or implied by different uses of media.

It is the degree of roughness or smoothness in objects. Texture http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=80997 Shape – is an area contained by lines or edges.

Shapes are 2-dimensional and have height and width.

They can be grouped into two categories, geometric and organic. Shape Form - is a 3-dimensional object having height, width and depth.

The illusion of 3-dimensions can be implied with the use of light and shading techniques.

Form can be viewed from many angles, and can be grouped into geometric and organic forms. Form Value - is the degree of light and dark in art.

It is the contrast between black and white and all the tones in between.

Value can be used with color as well as black and white. Value Space – is an expanse in 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional art.

It is described in terms of height, width and depth, and can be positive space (the object or subject itself) or negative space (the surrounding area). Space Picasso's Guernica Frank Stella's Jaspers Dilema 1964 Artist Kathe Kolwitz Artist: Louise Nevelson Henri Matisse Object
Meret Oppenheim (Swiss, 1913–1985) Queen
C. Brancusi: "Madame Pogany" LINE
COLOR
TEXTURE
SHAPE
FORM
VALUE
SPACE Elements of Art The principles of design combine the elements to create a visual affect. Principles of Art is an area that first attracts attention in a composition.
This area is more important when compared to the other objects or elements in a composition.

This can be by contrast of values, more colors or details, placement in the format, and converging lines. Emphasis is a feeling of visual equality in objects, shapes, forms, values, colors, textures etc. in an artwork.

Balance can be symmetrical and evenly weighted or asymmetrical and unevenly weighted. Balance is the final result in a composition when all the design elements and principles work harmoniously together giving the viewer a sense that the work is complete and that all parts belong to the whole.

Unity is achieved when all aspects of the work complement one another rather than compete for attention. Unity is the use of opposites in close proximity such as color, texture, value, shape, and line.

It can be used to create an area of emphasis. Contrast/Variety is a visual flow through the composition.

It can be the suggestion of motion in an art work as you move from object to object by way of placement and position.

Directional movement can be created with line, value, or pattern.

It is with the placement of dark and light areas that you can move your attention through the format. Movement is a movement in which some elements recur regularly.

Like a dance it will have a flow of objects that will seem to be like the beat of music. Rhythm is a configuration of recurring elements.

It can be planned, regular and predictable or random and unplanned. Pattern Andy Warhol 200 Soup Cans Where did he place emphasis? Henri de Toulouse Lautrec -
"At the Moulin Rouge",
1892/1895 Holy Trinity
Is this Symmetrical?
or A Symmetrical? How is Black Widow balanced? What elements do you see that help to unify Renoir's painting Luncheon Boating Party? Paul Cezanne Boy in Red Waistcoat Contrast in color
Contrast in line
Contrast in value What elements did Van Gogh use to show movement in his painting Starry Night? How Does Jackson Pollock's Blue Poles have rhythm? Emphasis
Balance
Unity
Contrast/Variety
Movement
Rhythm
Pattern Principles of Art Lets analyze your selections...
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