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UNICEF- United Nations International Child's Education Fund

EQUALITY!
by

JaNiecé York

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of UNICEF- United Nations International Child's Education Fund

UNICEF and "Education" Imagine a world in which every girl and boy has an opportunity to receive a quality education.To UNICEF “Education” is a fundamental human right: Every girl and boy in every country is entitled to it. Quality education is critical to development both of societies and of individuals, and it helps pave the way to a successful and productive future. When all children have access to a quality education rooted in human rights and gender equality, it creates a ripple effect of opportunity that influences generations to come. 67 million children remain out of school. Many enroll but drop out before completing a full primary cycle – in sub-Saharan Africa alone, 10 million children drop out every year. In Angola, 24 per cent of children aged 6 to 11 are not attending school. Of those, more than 1 million are out of school altogether. About 43 per cent of out-of-school children globally live in sub-Saharan Africa and another 27 per cent in South and West Asia. If current trends continue, there could be more children out of school in 2015 than there are today.Another obstacle to education is armed conflict. Armed Conflict keeps 28 million children out of school due to attacks on or near schools and fears about sexual violence. Children in countries enduring conflict are less likely to attend primary school and more likely to drop out:In poor countries only 65 per cent of children complete primary school. Only 79 per cent of young people are literate in conflict-affected poor countries. Re-establishing education after an emergency not only safeguards children’s fundamental right to education, it also plays a critical role in normalizing their environment. This helps them overcome the psychosocial impact of disasters and conflict. How To Achieve Gender Equality? Progress continues towards gender parity at primary school level.

At UNICEF we work to make that world a reality. We are committed to ensuring that all children – regardless of gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic background or circumstances – realize their right to a quality education. To that end, UNICEF supports innovative programmes and initiatives that focus on the world’s most excluded and vulnerable children, including girls, the disabled, ethnic minorities, the rural and urban poor, victims of conflict and natural disasters and children affected by HIV and AIDS.

UNICEF helps governments, communities and parents gain the capacities and skills they need to fulfill their obligations for children. These obligations include ensuring the right of all children to free, compulsory quality education, even during a humanitarian crisis, in the recovery period after a crisis, or in fragile or unstable situations. We focus on gender equality and work towards eliminating disparities of all kinds.

Working with a broad range of local, national and international partners, we aim to realize the educational and gender-equality goals established in the Millennium Declaration and the Declaration on Education for All, and to bring about essential structural changes that are necessary to achieve social justice and equality for all. Worst Countries with Un-Educated Women Afghanistan
Congo
Iraq
Nepal
Sudan
Guatamula
Mali
Pakistan
Saudi Arabia
Somali
Countries With Most Severe Gender Inequality Cameroon
Côte d'Ivoire
Liberia
Central African Republic
Papua New Guinea
Afghanistan
Mali
Niger
Congo
Yemen
Chad
Pakistan
Saudi Arabia
Turkey
Iran
Qatar
Oman
Morocco
Ethiopia
Egypt
Italy Currently Italy does not discriminate by gender. In fact almost 70 percent of Italian women ages 25-34 had an upper secondary education in 2004 compared to only 60 percent of males. Women are well represented in all academic disciplines at universities in Italy. Italy is a pro gender equalization country and with it's strong support of UNICEF program it would most likely be one of the countries sending out campaigns and aid. In the last 10 years Italy has had a overall percentage of high 90s for the amount of children going to school. Italy Education Statistics
Average years of schooling of adults [35th of 100]
Duration of education > Primary level [148th of 181]
Duration of education > Secondary level [15th of 181]
Education spending (% of GDP) 4.7% [63rd of 132]
Educational attainment > Senior secondary 33% [14th of 18]
Educational attainment > Tertiary 10% [18th of 18]
Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 90.5% [12th of 135]
Grade 12 advanced students math [12th of 15]
Mathematical literacy [23rd of 27]
Primary teacher salary > Starting $19,188.00 [14th of 22]
Reading literacy [20th of 27]
School life expectancy > Male 14.5 years [20th of 97]
School life expectancy > Total 14.7 years [20th of 110]
Scientific literacy [23rd of 27]
Student attitude > Dislike of school [2nd of 17]
Student attitude > Find school boring [9th of 17]
Student attitude > Report class disorder [1st of 17]
Tertiary enrollment [25th of 151] Cuba Cuba Gender Equality

The 1976 Constitution of Cuba, along with constitutional amendments made in 1992, upholds the principle of equality between men and women and discrimination is formally prohibited. The Penal Code stipulates that infringements of “the right to equality” are punishable by imprisonment (according to Article 295 of the Criminal Code). However, Cuban women are the main victims of poverty and social exclusion in the country. They not only suffer from gender bias in public policies, but also from the weight of tradition, which imposes particular tasks on women. Male chauvinism is still very prevalent. Chauvinism is and excessive amount of prejudice a sense of loyalty and respect for one’s own cause, group, or gender.

Cuban Education

Education in Cuba has been one of the great successes of the revolution in Cuba. Before the revolution in Cuba, one quarter of the population in Cuba received no education and was illiterate; however, since the revolution in Cuba, literacy levels have soared due to comprehensive education policies introduced to Cuba. Today thanks to the comprehensive education system in Cuba the literacy rate stands at 95%. Cuba offers a comprehensive education system that is one of the best in the world. Kenya Many children in Kenya don’t go to school and many girls don’t go to school but they don’t go to school because they don’t want to but because they are not able to go. Many of the children their parents have died and left them a lot with nowhere to go and they are not able to pay for school and also many of them ether have to drop out because they can’t afford it or they need to work to help their parents and their parents sometimes think its better to just let the boys go to school because they think that the girls are suppose to be left home and clean and help in the house and that that’s how it should be.

Potential solution:

Globalvolunteering is a group of volunteers that are want to help children’s in Kenya by helping the children in need in Kenya children who their parents have been lost by HIV/AIDS ,that have been abuse by their parents and children whose parents aren’t able to provide for them . The program will provide them with education and medical/Health massive teaching food. They know that quality education for both boys and girls is crucial in reducing poverty and promoting gender equality. Kenya schools are currently struggling with overcrowded classes and a lack of skilled teachers. The volunteer will help to empower girls and boys by giving them the skills they need to overcome poverty and to make their voice heard. They have opportunities for volunteering to assist with teaching at preschool, primary, and secondary levels. At primary and secondary levels, volunteer teachers can teach core subjects, such as English, mathematics, science, social sciences, and can initiate extra-curricular activities. Volunteer preschool teachers will teach basic English skills and carry out basic childcare duties. This role is suitable for a caring, motivated, and self-directed person. The will help with the medical care by providing them with the health care that they need like injections and medicine. One Reason To Why Kenyan Girls Don't Attend School! One recurrent issue, in extremely poor countries, is the absences caused by girls not attending school during menstruation. The non-availability of sanitary protection products in these regions of the world means that girls are forced to use other homemade solutions. These included cutting up old blankets, clothes or mattresses, and inserting leaves or other organic matter into their vaginas to stop the menstrual flow. The health risks associated with these practices are clear, but there are other less obvious risks.

The girls stay at home to prevent being embarrassed by bloodstained clothes, and because the onset of menstruation is seen in some communities as the girl becoming sexually mature. This puts the girls at risk of unwanted attention - 45 percent of young Kenyan women report that their first sexual experience was non-consensual.

Sanitary pads are expensive, even in Kenya, and very difficult to come by. Before visiting Kenya this summer, I asked an African-based blogger for gift ideas to take to the women and children we would be visiting and was surprised that the answer was sanitary pads. At a Dispensary (health clinic) in the Laikipia District, I cautiously took the packets out of my bag. Within seconds, I was surrounded by a crowd of women, who laughed delightedly at my present. I had also been told to take some packets of underpants, as some girls don’t have underwear in which to put san pro (or their homemade equivalent). Congo Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) makes obvious the existing persistence gender imbalance in all the domains of economical, social, cultural and political development. Congolese women constitute 53% of the DRC population: their visibility and contribution to food security for the survival and running of the Congolese society is undeniable and internationally recognised. However, studies and recent investigations show that the position of Congolese women in several domains of national life remains preoccupying low in comparison with men. Access of women to decision making tables, as well as to national economical resources and production factors remains very limited. The situation has deteriorated in latter years with the negative effects of wars in repetition, to the current persistent insecurity. In fact, 61.2% of Congolese women live underneath the poverty threshold against 51.3% of men, while 44% of women cannot attain economical timeliness. Furthermore, in the DRC, the situation of gender-based violence; particularly domestic violence on women and young girls is very worrying. Collected national data on various forms of Violence Against Women (VAW) demonstrates how it strongly correlateswith under-development (human, economic, social and infrastructure). These statistics show how women are vulnerable, and they illustrate the numerous abuses committed by men against women because of the dominant position conferred to men by the society and the inferior status of women in the DRC
. Our Potential Solutions Early Childhood Development (ECD) and school readiness
Equal access to education and universal primary school education
Enhancing quality in primary and secondary education
Education in emergencies and post-crisis transitions
Empowerment of women through girls’ education and gender equality in education
Work Cited http://www.impatientoptimists.org/Posts/2012/10/One-Reason-Kenyan-Girls-in-Poor-Areas-Dont-Go-to-School

www.unicef.org/innovations/files/kenya.do

http://www.globalvolunteernetwork.org/kenya/

http://www.unicef.org/education/bege_59826.html

http://www.unicef.org/esaro/5481_girls_education.html

http://www.uis.unesco.org/Education/Documents/unesco-world-atlas-gender-education-2012.pdf

http://www.nationmaster.com/country/it-italy/edu-education

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Italy

http://meridianes-photos.blogspot.com/2009/11/cuba.html Work Cited (Pictures) http://scm-l3.technorati.com/12/11/28/73551/male-female-equality.jpg?t=20121128160858

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http://www.clf-usa.org/sites/default/files/education2.jpg

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http://gdb.voanews.eu/863BE0F7-B886-481C-87D2-E88FE6D430BA_mw1024_s.jpg
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