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Supporting English Language Learners in the Elementary Classroom

Strategies for helping English Language Learners

sharon bednarek

on 1 August 2010

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Transcript of Supporting English Language Learners in the Elementary Classroom

Scaffolding Use of strategies that support learning when students introduced to new content. Gives foundation to understand new information. Includes use of graphics, modeling, and piquing student interest. Good, solid teaching for all students. Scaffolds removed as students demonstrate mastery of skill on their own. Scaffolding represents language learning strategies. A few scaffolding techniques to use with students . . . 1. TEACHER MODELING What it is: Students hear and see steps to finished product AND what is expected of them. Example: Show how to put heading on an assignment using document camera or a screencast. 2. SIMPLIFYING LANGUAGE What it is: Use simplified language, speak slowly and clearly in present tense. Example: Front-load key content vocabulary on word cards with pictures, use them in sentence frames when teaching scientific inquiry, solar system, land forms or communities. 3. GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS What they are: Tools that help ELLs visually organize and process information in core content areas such as: KWL, H-Chart, T-Chart, Vocabulary Chart, Venn Diagram, Character Grids and Charts, Story Maps, and Comparison Charts, Graphs and Grids. Example: Use Venn Diagrams, or Compare/Contrast Charts to compare different versions of same story or book, past to present, types of animals, habitats, or objects in solar system. 4. VISUALS AND GRAPHICS What they are: Colorful charts, drawings, and other graphic information that help ELLs visually see tangible objects/realia in order to understand and internalize subject matter better. Example: Use visuals and graphics for math.
Make large colorful charts showing fractional parts of wholes with bold labels, show fractional parts of wholes on document camera or screencast, cut up an apple into fractional parts, and have kids make fractional pizzas with same size parts with paper. 5. COOPERATIVE LEARNING What it is: Strategy that encourages students to interact and rely on others to help complete tasks. Students hear and practice academic English content, not just social/communicative language. Provides rich learning opportunities as well as learning content/concepts. Example: Use in study of different countries and cultures, research reports, presentations, math story problems, various reading activities such retelling a story or choral reading. 6. GUIDED LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND DESIGN (GLAD) AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT (ELD) STRATEGIES What they are: GLAD AND ELD were created specfically for ELLs and embed many other proven strategies. They are known for their vision and understanding of the STAGES of LANGUAGE ACQUISITION. 7. READER'S and WRITER'S WORKSHOP What they are: Both of these approaches to teaching reading and writing are extremely positive strategies for teaching language to ELLs as well as ALL STUDENTS. They have all the components that foster language acquisition as well as many scaffolding strategies that produce multifaceted results. HOW DO I SUPPORT ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS IN THE ELEMENTARY CLASSROOM?
Guide students in making predictions in story or experiment. Ask questions while reading. Suggest strategies during independent practice. Ask students to contribute own experiences that relate.
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