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Transcript of Urban Farming
While this year is on track to be the hottest year on record
Making it the 2nd most costly drought in history
Losses from this year's drought are expected to surpass $20 billion
currently half of the population lives in cities
by 2050 3/4 of the population will reside in cities
food once was the central social core of almost every city
what is the social core now
80% of global trade on food is controlled by 5 corporations
1/2 of the food in the USA is thrown away
while 1 billion people in the planet are starving
1 billion people are considered obese
what is the answer
The UW-Milwaukee Campus Gardens Project
"The purpose of the edible gardens is to provide the UWM community with greater access to healthy, affordable produce and to promote sustainability by using organic growing methods and reducing the distance food travels"
(Kate Nelson, UWM Sustainability Coordinator)
Numerous planning meetings ensue between GIS Club, Food & Garden Club and Kate Nelson
Physics plots yield numerous crops
Additional plots allow more students and staff to rent out plots
Success at Physics led to expansion of gardens on campus
The GIS Club at UW-Milwaukee asked to help select among potential campus sites to find those with the best sunlight.
Kate Nelson envisions campus gardens from "victory gardens" history
Four potential sites:
Klotsche Center, Alumni House, Sandburg Tower, and Physics Lawn.
GIS Club Objective: Determine suitability of each site by quantifying hours of sunlight.
Next step: Formulate process to quantify suitability - but how?
LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) uses aerial lasers to scan a terrain and collect data
Captures building heights, tree location and canopy coverage, and ground contours.
These data components were then entered in a GIS (Geographic Information System)
Then we could perform our model in GIS - Solar Analysis
Solar Analysis model shows sunlight potential
Run model for growing season
(May to October), hours of sunlight per day, on four sites
Final output = average daily sunlight hour potential across each site.
Approval needed from UWM Physical Environment Committee (PEC)
Agreement on maps - Kate Nelson, Food and Garden Club
Success! Two sites approved:
Physics Lawn, Sandburg Tower
UW-Milwaukee Food and Garden Club writes the Campus Garden handbook which sets rental and operational process. Plots are four by four feet.
GIS Club performed ground-based high-resolution survey to refine sunlight analysis.
Sunlight analysis guided number and placement of plots.
Coordination of labor work, building supplies and compost
May 27th, 2011 - 50 raised planting beds on Physics Lawn built
Garden plots rented out to UWM faculty or staff and students
Volunteering decreases costs ($) while increasing awareness
Physics garden plot clearly visible to hundreds of students daily, creates interest
Jason Tilidetzke, Urban Planning Graduate
GIS Club at UW-Milwaukee
Greg Latsch, GIS Certificate Student
GIS Club at UW-Milwaukee
Getting kids involved at a young age is easier to get them excited and interested
Creation of beds for Restaurant Operations
Combined effort by volunteers -Restaurant Operations
-Food and Garden Club
-EGB members and many others
First phase of construction at Sandburg Hall
Danielle Goodrich, Architecture &
Conservation and Environmental Sciences Student
LEED Green Associate
Peter Trio, Architecture Student
LEED Green Associate
Vegetables grown are unique to each plot owner
Initiator starts with an idea and keeps it alive
Contractors bring specific skills to the table
Networking gets more people involved and aware of the project
UWM Food & Garden Club
Physical Environmental Committee
UWM GIS Club
UWM Restaurant Operations
Engineers without Borders
UWM Office of Sustainability
Emerging Green Builders
Innovation creates new alternatives (chain-reaction effect)
Open-source technologies foster sustainability and potential future collaborations
Accessibility of technology and information creates opportunities
Using old ideas for new applications
Expand the network to build more, lasting relationships
Yields direct and indirect benefits
Understand the demand and impact geographically
Determine which technology will reach potential users most effectively
Attractant for future business
Children's Center and Restaurant Operations interested in having plots to grow fresh produce
Children's Daycare Center had multiple garden plots this year
Cultivating an Idea
Kids are exposed to circular path of food: planting, growth, consumption, disposal and composting
Finding funds to carryout ideas
Getting volunteers and students involved with projects
Getting information about site, data collection, to create design
Sites are in high traffic areas on campus
Design was flexible for changes and being completed with multiple work days
Rain gardens to provide a barrier between the private plots and community plots
Help attract insects to pollinate the vegetables
Benches provide space for groups to hold meetings or individuals to sit and eat lunch
Everyone helps with to care for the plots and in return can pick any of the produce
Second construction phase to create space and produce for the UWM community to use
Not only physical work but also meetings to organize work days and presenting ideas to get approval
Volunteers needed to get gardens built
Many hours spent behind the scenes
For every project, time and effort needs to be put in before you can reap the benefits
Large benefits follow hard work
The Sandburg Gardens Project
Pulled together Science, Engineering and Architecture Students
Regionally we can be seen as a global leader in Urban Agriculture, Freshwater Sciences, & Sustainability
More people from campus began to invest their time and skills
Apply for grants and fundraising
To name a few resources we have MMSD, Growing Power, The School of Freshwater Sciences, and hundreds of groups, organizations, and business focused on the advancement of sustainable practices
People with specialized skills can bring a great deal to the design
What made this project happen