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Transcript of Egypt Project
The Construction of the Tombs in The Valley of the Kings
The Valley of the Kings
To make the tombs first they removed the surface sand on the rock. The entrance door was cut after the bedrock was penetrated to a depth able to allow a lintel , or a beam above a door or window. The rock got cut by using copper or bronze chisels, which is a metal tool with a cutting edge at the end of the blade. They got hit by wooden mallets.
By Michael Carni
Artifacts found in the Tombs
There were many artifacts in The Valley of the Kings. A lot of them were things that were needed in the afterlife of the pharaoh such as,wooden mallets used to construct the tomb, food , royal clothing, gilded furniture, jewelry,weapons and chariots.
A game board found in King Tut's tomb.
62 tombs have been discovered so far in The Valley of the Kings.
The pyramids were once used as tombs, but the Egyptians moved them to be underground or in the sides of cliffs in a place people call The Valley of the Kings. The Egyptians built the tombs underground to keep them hidden to avoid robbers from robbing them and had traps to catch them if they tried.
The Valley of the Kings Today
Archeologists today are still searching and digging for new discoveries. So far the largest tomb discovered was tomb KV5.
The tomb of Ramesses XI or tomb KV4.
Michael Carni Citation December 12, 2012
Period 4 Social Studies Mrs. Moody
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Page, Willie F., and R. Hunt Davis, eds. "Valley of the Kings." Encyclopedia of African History and Culture: Ancient Africa (Prehistory to 500 CE), vol. 1. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2005. Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
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ItemID=WE49&iPin=EGMAZ426&SingleRecord=True (accessed December 11, 2012).
Remler, Pat. "Valley of the Kings." Egyptian Mythology A to Z, Revised Edition. Mythology A to Z. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2006. Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp
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Sources for the Information
Recently archeologists found a new tomb the 63rd tomb. In the tomb they found things like natron, linen, and pottery in seven wooden coffins. These materials are all used in the process of mummification. Archeologists think it was an embalmer's cache, or hiding place for things, and not an actual tomb. An embalmer is a person who treats a dead body with preservatives to prevent decay.
They have also found out that most of the royal tombs are in the east valley and found in cliffs. They divide the valley into two parts, the east valley and the west valley.
Archeologists discovered that Ineni the architect of tomb KV38 captured foreigners as workers and killed them when the tomb was finished. Archeologists think that the bends and turns in the tombs could have been a continuation of the bends and turns in the pyramids when they were used as tombs. Archeologists also think that they could have represented the twisting routes, or ways to go, of the netherworld.
The Egyptians tried to follow the subterranean rock clefts and some of the earliest tombs turned and curved to try to stay away from bad stone. The inside section of the tomb had to be driven straight.
The sarcophagus was another artifact found in the tombs. Some drinks such as wine and beer were found in tombs.
King Tut's sarcophagus
In King Tutankhamen's tomb or King Tut's tomb there were lots of artifacts such as, wooden shrines, statues of gods, amulets, or jewelry, that was to give luck and protection in the afterlife.
Thutmose the pharaoh is the one who decided to put the tombs in a remote place where nobody would go so they wouldn't be robbed.
Thutmose 1 was the first to be buried underground and in The Valley of the Kings.
Thutmose 1 tomb
Thanks for watching my prezi presentation on
The Valley of the Kings!