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Natural Texas

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IamBobtheFirst

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of Natural Texas

Regions of Texas
Great Plains
Coastal Plains
North Central Plains
Mountains and Basins
Thank you!
By:
Zainab Gangardiwala,
Ananya Prakash,
Meghana Vadlamudi,
and Yoonjung Cho

Natural Texas and Its People
Native Texas Indians Location
Native Texas Indians Location
Great: Jumano, Comanche, Kiowa, Lipan-Apache
Coastal: Tonkawa, Wichita, Caddo, Attakapan, Karankawa, Coahulteacan, Lipan-Apache
North Central: Tonkawa, Wichita, Comanche
Mountains and Basins: Tigua, Concho, Jumano
Great Plains
North Central Plains
Coastal Plains
Mountains and Basins
The Four Regions of Texas:
The Great Plains Region
The North Central Plains Region
The Coastal Plains Region
The Mountains and Basins Region
Major Rivers:
Red River
Colorado River
Rio Grande River
Agriculture:
Cotton
Corn
Wheat
Cattle
Natural Resources:
Mesquite Trees
Pecan Trees
Rich Soil
Points of Interest:
Edward's Plateau
Palo Duro Canyon
Llano Basin
Palo Duro Canyon State Park
Major Cities:
Austin
San Angelo
Midland
Odessa
Lubbock
Amarillo
Average Rainfall:
15-20 inches a year
Average Temperature:
Summer: 90-100 Degrees Fahrenheit
Winter: 50-60 Degrees Fahrenheit (due to cold fronts from Rocky Mountains)
Natural Landforms:
Plains
Plateaus
Canyons
Basins
Major Rivers:
Colorado River
Brazos River
Rio Grande River
Agriculture:
Grain
Citrus fruits
Hay
Poultry
Cattle
Corn
Dairy
Veggies
Fruits
Natural Resources:
Pine Trees
Hardwood Trees
Fish
Oil
Natural Gas
Shrimp
Points of Interest:
South Texas Plains
Post Oak Belt
Blackland Prairie
San Jacinto Monument
Major Cities:
Houston
San Antonio
Corpus Christi
Average Rainfall:
Lots, about 50 inches a year.
Average Temperature:
Natural Landforms:
Summer: Very humid (due to water)
Winter: Mild, little to snow
Occasional tornado or hurricane
Plains
Prairies
Marshes
Escarpments
Mesas
Buttes
Major rivers:
Major Rivers:

Red River
Prairies
Plains
Mesas
Buttes
Natural Landforms:
Agriculture:
Cotton
Grain
Sorghum
Cattle
Oats
Pecans
Peaches
Hay
Wheat
Corn
Peanuts
Average Temperature:
Summer: Usually the hottest in the state
Winter: Cold
Arlington
Fort Worth
Dallas
Major Cities:
20 - 50 inches per year
Average Rainfall:
Points of Interest:
Grand Prairie
Western Cross Timbers
Rolling Plains
Caprock Escarpment
Natural Resources:
Cedar Trees
Limestone
Oil
Natural Gas
Rich Soil
Rio Grande River
Pecos River
Agriculture:
Hogs
Pecans
Sheep
Natural Resources:
Mesquite Trees
Cacti
Pecan Trees
Points of Interest:
Guadalupe Mountains
Chisos Mountains
Davis Mountains
Big Bend National Park
Major Cities:
El Paso
Presidio
Average Rainfall:
8 inches a year because it is so dry.
Average Temperature:
Summer: Very hot and dry
Winter: Mild
Natural Landforms:
Escarpments
Mountains
Buttes
Mesas
Plateaus
Canyons
Basins
Tonkawas
The Tonkawas were located in the plains of north central Texas and the coastal plains. They wore lots of jewelry such as earrings and necklaces made of shells, bones, and feathers. They painted black stripes over their body and wore breechclothes and skirts of deerskin, but wore deerskin shirts only in winter. Their main food was buffalo.
Lipan-Apache
The Lipan-Apaches were located in the great and coastal plains of Texas. For food, they followed the buffalo herds with portable tipi homes. They cut the left side of their hair, but kept right side long and decorated it with trinkets. Men pierced their left ear with six to eight holes, and their right ear with one hole. Women wore copper wire earrings and necklaces.
The Caddoes were located in the coastal plains of texas. They were probably the most advanced of the Texan Indians. They lived and farmed in small forest clearings. Some of their major crops were corn, beans, and squash. Farming to them was more important than hunting. They wore mostly deer skin clothes. Greeted with "Tay-yas"-friend.
Comanche
The Comanches were located in the Texas great and north central plains. They had no permanent settlements, they were nomads. Men parted hair for two decorated braids and plucked facial hair. Women had colorful tattooes on their face. They wore buffalo hide clothing and caught buffalos with horses as bait. They didnt farm, instead they gathered fruits. They also hunted elk, bears, deer, and antelope.
Caddoes
The Atakapan lived in five groups spread across the Coastal Plains. Bidais was the main group. Hunting was more important to them than to the Caddoes. They hunted deer and buffalo. Akokisis (another group of Atakapan) lived in the more marshy areas along present-day Galveston Bay. They fished in the summer near the coast, and returned home in the winter, when they planted crops and hunted game. They were nomads that used portable huts to move.
Atakapan
Tawakoni
The Wacos were similar to the Tawakonis. They were located along the Brazos River, near present day Waco. Both men and women had long hair and wore the same clothes as Tawakonis (tattoos, skirts, and loincloths). They were also farmers and planted corn, squash, melons, and beans. After harvest, they hunted buffalos.
Waco
The Tawakonis were located in the coastal plains of Texas. Men wore breechclothes (loincloths) made of buffalo skins and tattoos covered everything. Women wore only skirts. They were great farmers and their favorite crops were corn, beans, and squash. They also planted melons, tobacco, and pumpkins.
Kiowas
The Kiowas were located in the great plains. Men cut their hair on the right side but let the left side grow. Women had two braids. They wore mocassins in summer and shirts and leggings in cooler weather. Women wore deerskin dresses which they decorated with bones and shells. Buffalo was their most important food source. They also hunted antelopes, jackrabbits, and coyotes.They traded corn, squash and beans with other tribes. They followed where the animals went, like nomads.
The Jumanos were located in modern-day Rio Grande Valley from El Paso downstream to junction of the Rio Grande with Rio Concho, basically in mountains and basins region. The Adobe houses they lived in were half above ground and half below. The men cut their hair in the middle while the women had long hair and wore skirts and their version of blouses. Both peirced their ears and wore tattooes. They had very dry land so they mainly traded, and were experienced traders. They farmed in floodlands and river valleys. When they could they planted beans, guords, squash, and corn. They also gathered lots of cacti. They took prickly pear juice as a water substitute and loved the plant. They sometimes hunted elks, rabbits, and armadillo.
The Conchos and Jumanos were close in ways of life. There was only one band of Conchos that lived in Texas, the Chizos. Their main job was to hunt. They hunted deer, birds and rabbits using traps. They also gathered fruits such as berries and vegetables such as corn and squash and lots of cacti fruit and nuts. They wore little clothing in warm weaether and rabbit skin ponchos in winter. They decorated their bodies with paint and their hair with feathers.
Conchos
Jumano
Conchos
The Conchos had very similar ways of life with the Jumanos. They were located at present day El-Paso. There was only one band of Conchos that lived in Texas, called the Chizos. They lived in huts decorated with mats. They hunted rabbits and elks for food. The women wore rabbiskin dresses and skirts and the men wore moccassins and leggings. In the winter they wrapped themselves with blankets. They painted their face and bodies.
Coahuiltecans
The Coahuiltecans were located South Texas- Gulf Coastal Plains inland from Galveston Bay south and west past present day San Antonio. They lived in portable shelters and were hunters and gatherers. They hunt for fish in lagoons and hunted deer and other small game. They gathered mesuquite beans, agave bulbs and roots, which they bround into flour and ate. In the warm weather men wore breechclothes and women wore skirts, which they decorated with animal teeth and seeds.
Comparing Geographic Features of the Regions
The Great, Coastal, and North Central Plains regions are all mostly flat grassland, hence the name “_______ Plains”.
The Mountains and Basins region has the highest elevation.
The Coastal Plains is very marshy and has many rivers.
The Great, Coastal, and North Central Plains all have fertile and rich soil.
Physical Regions of Texas Map
Rivers of Texas Map
http://www.kleinisd.net/users/0082/2011-12%20Scope%20&%20Sequence/Social%20Studies/7th%20Grade%201st%206%20weeks%20(2weeks).pdf
http://s3.documentcloud.org/documents/774764/12_ss070102.txt
http://www.saisd.net/admin/curric/sstudies/texasstrat/coastal.pdf
http://www.saisd.net/admin/curric/sstudies/texasstrat/plains.pdf
http://www.saisd.net/admin/curric/sstudies/texasstrat/central.pdf
http://www.saisd.net/admin/curric/sstudies/texasstrat/mountbasin.pdf
http://justtofresh.weebly.com
https://www.tshaonline.org
A few of our many sources...
Southeastern Indians Locations
Caddoes- northeast of Texas in the Coastal Plains.
Atakapan- Coastal plains, along Galveston Bay.
Tawakonis-area near border of Great Plains and Coastal plains.
Wacos- along Brazos River, near present-day Waco.
The Plains People Locations
Tonkawa-the plains of Central and South Central Texas.
Lipan Apache-west central Texas plains.
Comanche-Texas panhandle south to western Texas.
Kiowa-Texas panhandle, north of Amarillo.
The Pueblo Indians Location
Jumano-located in modern-day Rio Grande Valley from El Paso downstream to junction of the Rio Grande with Rio Concho.
Concho-south area of mountains and basins region.
Tigua-Present-day El Paso.
The Western Gulf People Locations.
Coahuiltecans-South Texas- Gulf Coastal Plains inland from Galveston Bay south and west past present day San Antonio.
Karankawas-Texas Gulf Coast from southern tip of Galveston Bay south to Corpus Christi.
Karankawas
The Karankawas live on the coastal prairie, where their are wooded areas and swampy regions. They traveled far to find food, ao they had potable tipis. Men tattoed and peirced both sides of their chest and upper lip. They had braided hair while the women kept it loose and wore deerskin skirts. They were knwn as "no moccassins" because they walked around barefoot. The Karankawans would wade in lagoons to capture food such as fish and alligators. On the mainland, they hunted deer, javelina, antelope, bear and other small mammals. They also gathered nuts and berries, but finding it was a struggle.
Geography Affecting Cultures of People
The people that lived in coastal plains closer to the ocean would catch fish more than they would hunt and would probably wear longer clothes. People in the flat, dry areas would hunt more buffalo than they would fish or plant crops, and wear a little bit shorter clothes than the people living in coastal areas. People that lived in hot, dry areas would hunt, gather, and trade more than plant crops and would barelywear any clothes at all.
Located in the panhandle and down below, taking up a lot of the space in the middle.
Located next to the gulf and takes up most of the space on the eastern side
Located in the only space between Great and Coastal plains, at the top, kind of in the middle of the panhandle and coast.
Located on the western part, in the only space between the Great plains and New Mexico.
Native Texas indians were located all around Texas before the 1500s. Some tribes were located in more than one region. The Tigua, Concho, and Jumano were located in the Mountains and Basins region. The Jumano, Comanche, Kiowa, and Lipan-Apache were located in the Great Plains. The Tonkawa, Wichita, and Comanche were located in the North Central Plains. The Tonkawa, Wichita, Caddo, Attakapan, Karankawa, Coahultecan, and Lipan-Apache were located in the Coastal Plains. We will go into further explanation on these tribes.
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