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Research Report

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James Jing

on 14 May 2015

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Transcript of Research Report

What you researched and why
References or Bibliography & Appendices
What you did and how you did it
Results
Introduction
Methodology
Supplementary
Here you clearly outline what methodology you used in your research i.e. what you did and how you did it. It must be clearly written so that it would be easy for another researcher to duplicate your research if they wished to. (week 6 slides)
It is usually written in a 'passive' voice (e.g. the participants were asked to fill in the questionnaire attached in Appendix 1) rather than an 'active' voice (e.g. I asked the participants to fill in the questionnaire attached in Appendix 1).
Clearly reference any material you have used from other sources. Clearly label and number any diagrams, charts, and graphs. Ensure that they are relevant to the research and add substance to the text rather than just duplicating what you have said. You do not include or discuss the results here.
References or Bibliography - This includes all references used in your report or referred to for background information. This must be done using the referencing convention, also correspondence between the in-text and end-text list, strictly APA 6th.
Appendices - These should add extra information to the report. If you include appendices they must be referred to in the body of the report and must have a clear purpose for being included. A sample questionnaire, survey equations or whatever instrument used for data collection should be attached. Each appendix must be named and numbered.

James Jing
Friday, May 15, 2014
Lecture 5, week 11
Abstract
Title of Report
Summary of results/findings
Conclusion
A good abstract:
This is a summary of the most significant results/findings. You should not include any new material in this section.

Answer back the research question, conclusions must be derived from your previous discussion.

Implications: e.g. food safety: moral education issue?

Final Research Report
Abstract
Introduction
Literature Review
Methodology
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
Recommendations
References or Bibliography
Appendices
uses one well-developed paragraph that is coherent and concise, and is able to stand alone as a unit of information
covers all the essential academic elements of the full-length paper, namely the background,
purpose, focus, methods, results and conclusions
contains no information not included in the paper
is written in plain English and is understandable to a wider audience, as well as to your discipline-specific audience
often uses passive structures in order to report on findings, focusing on the issues rather than people
uses the language of the original paper, often in a more simplified form for the more general reader
usually does not include any referencing
in publications such as journals, it is found at the beginning of the text, while in academic assignments, it is placed on a separate preliminary page.
Relevance of your results, how it fits with other research in the area.
It will relate back to your literature review and your introductory thesis statement.
Discussion
Case:

Question: Does the label ‘made in China’ really mean ‘buyer beware’?
How the question is answered

Video: 101 East: China food safety
(accessed May 9th, 2013)

(young man’s defending, woman’s quantity argument?)

What prevent the law enforcement in the case of Sanlu Milk Powder? (corruptions, policing, media watchdog, personal morality)

Concise heading indicating what the report is about
Concise summary of main findings.
Literature Review
(sometimes included in the Introduction)
The purpose of your report. Background information may include a brief review of the literature already available on the topic so that you are able to ‘place’ your research in the field. Some brief details of your methods and an outline of the structure of the report.
If asked to do a separate literature review, you must carefully structure your findings. It may be useful to do a chronological format where you discuss from the earliest to the latest research, placing your research appropriately in the chronology. Alternately, you could write in a thematic way, outlining the various themes that you discovered in the research regarding the topic. Again, you will need to state where your research fits.
What you found
This is where you indicate what you found in your research. You give the results of your research, but do not interpret them.
The word abstract comes from the Latin abstractum, which means a condensed form of a longer piece of writing. There are two main types of abstract: the (1) Descriptive and the (2) Informative abstract. The type of abstract you write depends on your discipline area.
Two major areas to be discussed in a methods section:

The participants
Number of participants in the study
How they were chosen
Their characteristics: age, gender, nationality, etc.

The materials
What instruments were used
How the materials were developed
How the materials were used. E.g. if the instrument is a questionnaire
Number of items in the questionnaire
Kinds of questions: Multiple choice, open-ended, close-ended questions

Identify your findings: Identify the major trends
Interpret your findings: larger meaning about the phenomenon based on personal views or
Compare your findings with the findings by other researchers (make sense of the findings), how your finding contradicts or supports prior studies
Refer to the significance of the findings
(Identify weaknesses or limitations in the research; limitations in the data collection). Not applicable to everyone
Recommendations can be listed separately includes suggestions for what needs to be done as a result of your findings. Recommendations are usually listed in order of priority.
Courtesy of "6sisters.files.wordpress.com"
“A research report is a completed study that reports an investigation or exploration of a problem; identifies questions to be addressed; and includes data collected, analysed, and interpreted by the researcher” ( Creswell, 2007, p.272).
References
Creswell, J. W. (2007) .Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. 3rd ed. New York: Pearson.
Writing Centre. (2012). Learning Guides: Writing a Research Report. University of Adelaide. Retrieved from https://www.adelaide.edu.au/writingcentre/learning_guides/
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