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Art Appreciation Intro

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Lora Davis

on 20 January 2016

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Transcript of Art Appreciation Intro

An indispensable feature of art is its ability to convey information...TO COMMUNICATE!

Visual art is a combination of man's cognitive and evaluative attitudes
and
his reactions to reality
recorded in words, colors, shapes and forms.
Why educate for the arts?
1. art education develops self awareness
through art education a child gains a sense of himself and the world around him/her
2. art education supports the telling of stories...yours, mine and ours
through art education students develop the ability to see meaning in the work of others
and understanding in the world of others
3. art education develops skills...the skill of making cognitive and physical meaning from
materials
4. quality art education introduces students to a wide range of art... from museums and
concert halls to works created in community centers, hospitals, schools, colleges,
urban streets, local coffee shops or the home computer and the world wide web.
Art may be about...
1. Representation:
The function of a work of art may be to represent portions of reality.
2. Illustration:
The function of a work of art may be to illustrate ideas and/or situations.
3. Edification and/or Persuasion :
The function of a work of art may be to edify (make understand) and/or idea
or persuade
4. Beautification:
The function of a work of art is to embody beauty
5. Catharsis:
The function of art is to be a purging of emotions about a specific subject for the
viewer
6. Self-expression:
The function of art is to express an idea of the artist
7. Emotional Evocation:
The function of art is to evoke emotion in society
8. Meaningful-World:
The function of a work of art is to convey artistic meaning, a special sort of meaning,
by embodying a meaningful-world.,,meant to enlighten society
The Wainwright Building
Gaudi chair
Aztec calendar
Michangelo's "David"
Harriet Hosmer "Zenobia in chains"
Artist: Theo Jansen
BMW Museum
Winslow Homer "Incoming Tide"
Is it sculpture?
Is it painting?
Is it products?
Is it architecutre?
Rouen Cathedral
Lange's "Migrant Worker"
Steiglitz "Georgia O'Keefe"
Is it photography?
Monet
Is it a landscape?
Can it be abstract or must it be realistic?
Is it a portrait?
Is it artifacts?
Hastings Book of Hours
Can it be "ready-made"
representational or non-representational???
DuChamp "Bottle Dryer"
Matisse
According to your text:
"Today the definition of art also depends on the intention of the creator
and those who commissioned the work and on the anticipated role of the creation."
Also...."It relies, too, on the response of the viewers-both today and at the historical time when the work was created."
What Role does Art History play in our understanding?
Art History helps us to understand art...
...to answer questions about a piece of art
...to begin to analyze information about a piece of art
questions like
... who is the artist
...when and how was the work done...
all are important to making meaningful decisions and understanding about art
The Relationship between Art and Nature
Cultural mores and norms play an important role in the type or style of work accepted and/or appreciated at at a specific time in history by a specific region or area.
<--------------------TRUE STORY
<--------------------- ...WELL
...passed down story...
the oldest record of a trompe l’oeil (fool the eye) painting is the
story (characters and work changed depending on the time)... of Zeuxis and Parrhasios, two 5th century Greek painters.
It seems they challenged each other to a competition to prove whose work was the most realistic...ie...the best....
Zeuxis painted a picture of grapes so accurate that birds flew down to peck at them, Parrhasios showed his painting to Zeuxis, Zeuxis asked Parrhasios to remove the curtain hanging over the picture so he could better see. He (Parrhasios) gleefully agreed but then pointed out that the curtain was part of his painting.
Zeuxis conceded that Parrhasios had won because he had only fooled the birds with his realistic painting of grapes but Parrhasios had tricked his fellow artist.
Spelt and Mieris. Flower Piece with
Curtain. 1658
Styles of Representation
1. naturalism- a style of work in which the physical apprearance of an image is the primary importance
2. abstraction/abstract- art that does not represent observable aspects of nature or chooses to exaggerate characteristics of an object or idea.
Georgia O'Keefe. Red Canna. 1924
3. nonrepresentational- art that does not
depict a recognizable form
David Smith. Hudson River. 1951
How to read a label...well maybe?
Campbell's Soup Cans 1962
Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two canvases, Each canvas 20 x 16" (50.8 x 40.6 cm).
Andy Warhol, American, 1928-1987
The Human Body as Idea and Ideal
but who's to say "what's ideal"?
Venus of Willendorf
22,000BCE
The "David"
outer beauty vs. inner beauty
Angelica Kauffmann. Cornelia Pointing to Her Children as Her Treasures . 1785
William Hogarth. The Marriage Contract. 1743-1745.
The National Gallery, London
An attempt to answer these questions is called aesthetics.
Aesthetics considers the nature of beauty and art.
Where do our ideas of beauty and art come from...
or...what did he Greeks say??

Aristotle and Plato considered art and beauty but came to
different "truths" about the subject
Aristotle thought artwork should be evaluated on the ability to imitate nature.

Duan Hanson. The Shoppers. 1976
cast vinyl, polychromed in oil with accessories, life-size
Plato thought that you could never truly imitate nature...why bother...
he thought art should focus on the ideals in society.
ex. perfection was in symmetry, in proportion, knowledge, truth.
Plato thought that nature in it's self was ideal so any effort to reproduce this was wasted.
Why do we need art?
According to your text...
"Biologists account for the human desire for art
by explaining that human beings have very large
brains that demand stimulation...in fulfilling our need to understand and our need to communicate, the arts serve a vital function."
Is this what James Hampton was doing?
James Hampton. Throne of the Third
Heavens' Millennium General Assembly. 1950-1964. Gold and silver aluminum foil, colored Kraft paper, and plastic sheets over wood, paperboard, and glass. Smithsonian American Art Museums. Smithsonian Institution. Washington, D.C.
What we are talking about is called Iconograpy.
Iconography is the
interpertation and meaning of a work of art
Art and the Sociopolitical Climate
Patrons and artists have used art to promote individual
and group interests throughout history

Shepard Fairey
What is Art?
What Role does Culture play?
The Mural that never was...
In 1932, after first seeing Diego Rivera's murals, Nelson Rockefeller...you know of "THE ROCKEFELLER'S"....ask Rivera to paint a mural in the lobby of the RCA Building in Rockefeller Center...you know...the building of "THE ROCKEFELLER"S"
Man at the Crossroads
The mural was to be uplifting, hopeful and historical. It would depict the social, political, industrial, and scientific possibilities of the twentieth century.
Unknown to Rockefeller...and needless to say...upsetting to Rockefeller was a scene of a giant May Day demonstration of workers marching with red banners with Lenin clearly leading the demonstration.
Rockefeller ask Rivera to remove the Lenin portrait and paint an unknown man in his place but as you can image...Rivera refused and his assistants told him that they would strike if Rivera gave in to Rockefeller's demands. For a compromise, the artist offered to add a great American, like Lincoln in the painting.
Both sides couldn't reach an agreement
so Rockefeller ordered the mural stopped
and what was painted...destroyed.
Rivera used the monies from the commission
to create an independent Labor Institute..
which had Lenin as its central figure.
Rivera wanted to complete his vision of the
Rockefeller mural so he renamed the work "Man,
Controller of the Universe and placed it in Mexico City.
MODERN DAY...trompe l'oeil
Many times artist have depicted the human body as the cultural ideal.
We don't have to dig too far into magazines to see that in our culture, we are weight obsessed
Peter Max...Obama x 44
Chuck Close. Keith. 1970
Painting. Acrylic,108"x84" ,
Saint Louis Museum of Art

Subject Matter:
Jessica Simpson received alot of attention for her physical changes from 2004-2009
In 22,000 BCE,
she was seen
as the ideal.
When a woman ask Cornelis
what jewels she possesses... she points to her
children.
Read more: http://uncgartgrads.blogspot.com/2008/04/cornelia-mother-of-gracchi-pointing-to.html

??? What was The Armory Show???

The Armory Show of 1913, officially known as The International Exhibition of Modern Art, was the first large exhibition of such works in America. The exhibit challenged and changed both the academic and public definition and attitude toward art, and by doing so altered the course of history for American artists. Marking the end of one era and the beginning of another, The Armory Show shattered the provincial calm of American art. It rocked the public and blasted the academies of painting and sculpture. Four thousand guests visited the rooms on the opening night. For the first time, the American public, the press, and the art world in general were exposed to the changes wrought by the great innovators in European art, from Cezanne to Picasso. The exhibit led to profound changes in the art market in the United States, and to the broad acceptance of modern works.
The New York Armory Show 2010
Art can be political
Anish Kapoor
Bean

Year: Built 2004–2006
Type: Stainless steel
Dimensions: 10 m × 13 m × 20 m (33 ft × 42 ft × 66 ft)
Location: Millennium Park, Chicago, Illinois, United States
George Braque
Notre Dame Paris, France
Subjects...
60 Works in 60 Seconds
Frieze Art Gallery
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